Monmouth County, NJ


Southeast of Farmingdale in Monmouth County, NJ. Take the Garden State Parkway or Take exit 31B off I-195 and head east on County Road 524. The hike described here begins at an unmarked parking area on state land, .6 mile past (east of) the main entrance. By parking here you avoid both the fees and the crowds.

00.0 Hastings-on-Hudson; 22.0 NJ TPK toll; 44.0 exit 11 for Garden State Parkway; 51.0 exit 123; 58.0 exit 117; exit 98 US 195 west. Bear right on Farmingdale Road (524/547); quickly turn right onto Allaire Road/Atlantic Avenue park entrance.


Back in the 18th century, this village site was known as Monmouth Furnace and, later, as the Howell Works, named for the first iron maker here. He leased the property to James P. Allaire of New York in 1822, who was already very much established as a brass worker. He made the cylinders for the S. S. Savannah, the first steam vessel to cross the Atlantic (May 22, 1819).

Allaire wanted the Jersey iron for his steamboat engine works in Manhattan. Allaire built the engines or the cylinders for a number of the Fulton steamboats, including the Chancellor Livingston. Allaire became the foremost marine engine builder of his day. He also invented the multi-cylinder marine stem engine. He was also the first to establish a line of coastal steamers from New York to Charleston, South Carolina. (Pepper 1965:107-108)

At the Howell Works, Allaire put together a community of over four hundred people to turn bog iron into pots, kettles, cauldrons, stoves, pipe, and other common items. The self-contained community of about 500 people included a wide variety of crafts persons both to run the industry and serve the population.

Bog iron, found in the Pine Barrens, is smelted from iron oxides leached from the sand and deposited in accumulations of decaying swamp vegetation. Interestingly, bog iron is a renewable source of iron as long as the vegetation decay cycle is not interfered with.

The operation at Allaire's village prospered until around 1850, when competition from products made of higher-grade iron ore lowered profits. After its abandonment, the Allaire community was used for a time by the Boy Scouts as a headquarters, and in 1941, it was deeded to the state. Today, the village of Allaire is remarkably well preserved and nearly intact from its heyday a century ago.


Within the park, there are facilities for picnicking and camping. The park has a nature center that is staffed by a naturalist in the summer. The village general store offers a variety of novelties and gifts. During the summer, many of the village buildings are staffed by interpretive volunteers that provide living history demonstrations.

Visitors can fish for stocked trout, rent a horse at nearby liveries, hike the 25 miles of multi-use trails, or simply spread a blanket on the grass and enjoy the views

The Pine Creek Railroad in the park, established in 1960, is the only live-steam, narrow-gauge train ride in New Jersey today. It is an example of the rail travel used to open up the American frontier. Additionally, the 18 hole Spring Meadow Golf Course, a par 72 course, is open to the public. This golf course is adjacent to the park.

Today, visitors to the village can see the general store, carriage house, enameling shop, carpenter's shop, the Big House, manager's house, foreman's cottage, the old Christ Church, bakery, the furnace, and the row houses which now shelter the village visitor center. At the center, visitors can see modern displays depicting life as it was for the village workers. A slide and sound show is also available.

Many and varied special events take place within the village and park each year. These events include: antique shows, historic celebrations of America's history, militia musters and civil war encampments, arts and crafts shows, Village Guild demonstrations, flea markets, storytelling festivals, wildlife carvers and artisans shows, lantern tours of the village, and Christmas sales and shows.

(Info from Historical Sites of Monmouth County:

Murray Farm; Howell; 76 Acres. The Monmouth Conservation Foundation (MCF) provided assistance to the Township of Howell in acquiring several lots, owned by Eugene and Richard Murray. This land will help to create a link between the Bear Swamp Natural Area and Allaire State Park. MCF signed an option agreement for purchase of the property, which was exercised in December of 1996. Closing took place in 1997 with Howell Township taking possession of the land.  (Source:


Another good example of the Mixed Oak forest of South Jersey can be seen at the entrance of Allaire State Park. On the right of the road just at the entrance of the park is a fine Mixed Oak forest with a mixture of white oak, black oak, and chestnut oak; holly trees can be found here and mountain laurel in this locale is abundant in the shrub layer. (Robichaud Collins and Anderson)

Also, a fine example of a sweetgum successional forest can be seen from a nature trail at Allaire State Park. On the red trail in this park just before reaching the area identified as Brickfield, there is an even-aged sweetgum woodland.

There is a nature trail (the red trail) that crosses a swamp forest. From the boardwalk one can see large specimens of red maple and black gum and some sweetbay.

Allaire State Park began in 1941 as a gift to the people of New Jersey from Arthur Brisbane, a prominent newspaper man. The original 1,00+ acres has now expanded to over 3,000 and includes a steam, narrow-gauge railroad, a golf course, a car camping area, and an entire historical village dating from the boom days of the bog iron industry -- in the last two centuries.

The park straddles the Manasquan River, which is popular with canoeists. I-195 bisects the park.

The park has a large number of sand and gravel roads and an abandoned railroad beds that are used for hiking and horseback riding. There are a few patches of holly along the path. The lane is shadowed by tall sumac trees and vines.


The hike goes counter clockwise northeast, northwest, southwest, southeast, southwest, southeast, northeast.

To begin the hike, cross the road and head west back toward the main entrance. You'll be walking past a small horse ranch with a split-rail fence. At the end of the rail fence, look for a gate leading into a field. Just to the right of the gate find a post that marks the entrance to a lane that runs between the ranch and the field. This pathway may be overgrown for the first hundred yards or so but soon widens and becomes more comfortable for walking. The lane, which is very straight since it is the border of a farmed field, is shadowed by tall sumac trees and vines. There are also a few patches of holly along the trail. As you leave the highway and the sound of traffic, the sound of birds, plentiful in this area of field and woods, are heard.

After about ten minutes of walking, enter a typical south Jersey forest. The pathway widens into a sand and gravel road common to the Pine Barrens, and the walking becomes very pleasant. Ferns and blueberry bushes form the ground cover, and huge clusters of mountain laurel rise up from the forest floor. At first some oaks and maples appear, then farther along come sassafras and the inevitable pitch pines. Keep to the left where the road you are on comes to a fork. With the possible exception of a few puddles after a rain, the walking is easy and comfortable here, and there are no ups or downs.

The trail or, more accurately, sand road used in this first part of the hike makes a large horseshoe and eventually returns to the country road you started on, though a little farther west. As it swings to the left and west, it parallels I-195, which is always busy with cars heading to and from the Jersey shore, for about half a mile. In this section is a short uphill climb to a gravel quarry and water tower, and then a long downhill where the trail comes within sight of the highway. Stay on the main road, now quite wide, which eventually swings away from the noisy highway and heads south toward the main park entrance and a quieter environment. In this section the trail parallels the bed of the former Freehold-Jamesburg railroad, used in other sections of the park as a hiking and horse trail.

The trail will bring you to the main road at a gate similar to the one at the beginning of the hike. Cross the road here, bear somewhat to the right, and follow the narrow-gauge railroad tracks toward where they enter the woods. Look for a sign saying "horse trail" and follow it, not the tracks, into the woods. This trail is marked occasionally with orange markers. After only a few yards, cross the park entrance road and reenter the woods still on the orange trail.

The trail next crosses a grave maintenance road, another bridle path, and eventually comes to a T intersection with a gravel road. Bear left here, cross a creek, and make another left on a gravel road known in the park as the "Raceway."

Follow the Raceway straight ahead, keeping the water to your left. After a short distance you should see a wooden bridge on your left. This bridge leads to the park nature center, which has some interesting displays and an accurate wall map of all the sand roads and trails in the park.

From the bridge, continue along the Raceway past the pond and through a large picnic area to the developed (and populated) section of the park, especially on summer weekends. After passing the large parking lot on the left, enter the historic Allaire Village.

The visitor's center, a long brick building, is on your left and offers a number of interesting displays about the park and the village. A map and guide to the village can be obtained here.

From here continue straight ahead to the end of the visitor's center, make a right, and follow the main road that heads downhill, to the left, and out to the main buildings of the village. This route is marked in places with yellow markers. Follow this main road as it swings to the left at the general store, and head north, eventually leaving the village area through a gate.

Follow the gravel road, which ultimately leads to County Road 524, away from the village. To avoid walking back to your car on this busy road, bear right on a pathway that crosses the lane. Weeds may obscure this pathway at first, but it will soon widen out for it is the Freehold-Jamesburg abandoned railroad bed. After only a few minutes of walking, you'll find a trail coming in on the left that will lead you through a field to the parking area and your car. (Audubon field guide)

Central New Jersey Greenway --  the greenway will create go from Trenton to the Atlantic coast across Central New Jersey through Manasquan, Allaire State Park, Manasquan River Reservoir, Turkey Swamp County Park, Turkey Swamp Wildlife Management Area, Assunpink Wildlife Management Area, Mercer County Park, the Delaware & Raritan Canal State Park, to the historic City of Trenton. (

park staff /Dr. Patrick L. Cooney additions /many more by Linda Kelly 6/14/01

Acer negundo (box elder)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Amelanchier sp. (shadbush)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula nigra (river birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut) Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn)
Diospyros virginiana (persimmon) 6/14/01
Ilex opaca (American holly)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Magnolia tripetala (umbrella tree)
Magnolia virginiana (sweetbay magnolia) 6/14/01
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Picea sp. (Colorado blue spruce) planted
Pinus echinata (shortleaf pine)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus bicolor (swamp white oak)
Quercus falcata (Spanish oak)
Quercus ilicifolia (scrub oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus phellos (willow oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood)

Shrubs and Sub-shrubs:
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) becoming very invasive
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush)
Chimaphila maculatum (spotted wintergreen)
Chimaphila umbellata (pipsissewa)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood) 7/15/95
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus)
Eubotrys racemosa (fetterbush)
Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel) 6/14/01
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lonicera morrowii? (Morrow's honeysuckle)?
Lyonia ligustrina (maleberry) 6/14/01
Menispermum canadense (moonseed)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea) 6/14/01 7/15/95
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry) 6/14/01
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Staphylea trifolia (bladdernut)
Toxicodendron vernix (poison sumac)
Vaccinium angustifolium (low bush blueberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum) 6/14/01
Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides (viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)
Vinca minor (periwinkle)

Vines and Twining Herbs:
Apios americana (groundnut)
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)
Campsis radicans (trumpet creeper)
Clematis virginiana (virgin's bower)
Dioscorea villosa (wild yamroot)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) 6/14/01
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Sicyos angulatus (bur cucumber)
Smilax herbacea (carrion flower)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vicia cracca (cow vetch)
Vicia tetrasperma (slender vetch)
Vicia villosa (hairy vetch)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 7/15/95
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Allium vineale (field garlic) 6/14/01
Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
Antennaria neglecta (field pussytoes)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)
Aquilegia canadensis (eastern columbine)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arenaria caroliniana (pine barren sandwort)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack in the pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed)
Aster cordifolius (heart-leaved aster)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Aster dumosus (bushy aster)
Aster novi-belgii (New York aster)
Aster paternus (white-topped aster)
Aster pilosus (heath aster )
Aster racemosus (white aster)
Aster sp. golden (aster)
Aureolaria virginica (downy false foxglove)
Baptisia tinctoria (yellow false indigo)
Barbarea vulgaris (common winter cress)
Bidens frondosa? (bidens)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Brassica nigra (black mustard)
Callitriche sp. (water starwort)
Calopogon tuberosus (grass pink)
Caltha palustris (marsh marigold)
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse)
Cardamine diphylla (toothwort)
Cardamine laciniata (cut-leaved toothwort)
Cardamine rhomboidea (springcress)
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)
Chamaecrista fasciculata (partridge pea)
Chelidonium majus (celandine)
Chelone glabra (white turtle head)
Chenopodium album (pigweed)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen) 6/14/01 soon
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy)
Cichorium intybus (chicory)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade)
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
Cirsium muticum (swamp thistle)
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower)
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort)
Cypripedium acaule (pink lady's slipper)
Datura stramonium (jimsonweed)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Decodon verticillata (swamp loosestrife)
Desmodium sp. (tick trefoil)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 6/14/01 7/15/95
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's breeches)
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane)
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) 7/15/95
Eupatorium rotundifolium (round-leaved joe-pye-weed)
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Eupatorium sp. (Joe-Pye-weed)
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)
Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge)
Galium aparine (cleavers) 6/14/01
Galium asprellum (rough bedstraw)
Galium mollugo (white madder)
Galium sp. (bedstraw) 7/15/95
Galium tinctorium (bedstraw) 6/14/01
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geum canadense (white avens) 7/15/95
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground) 6/14/01
Hedyotis sp. (bluets)
Helenium sp. (swamp sneezeweed)
Helianthus sp. (sunflower)
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny day lily)
Hepatica sp. (hepatica)
Hibiscus moscheutos (swamp rose mallow)
Hieracium sp. (hawkweed)
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake weed) 6/14/01
Hypericum canadense (Canada St. Johnswort)
Hypericum ellipticum (pale St. Johnswort)
Hypericum mutilum? (dwarf St. Johnswort)?
Hypericum sp. (spotted or common St. Johnswort)
Hypericum stans (St. Peterswort)
Hypericum stragulum (St. Andrews cross)
Hypochoeris radicata (cat's ear) 6/14/01
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Iris versicolor (blue flag)
Krigia virginica (dwarf dandelion) 6/14/01
Lamium amplexicaule (henbit)
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort)
Lepidium campestre (field peppergrass)
Lepidium virginicum (wild peppergrass) 6/14/01
Lespedeza procumbens (trailing bush clover)
Lilium superbum (Turk's cap lily)
Linaria canadensis (blue toadflax) 6/14/01
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal flower)
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco)
Ludwigia alternifolia (seedbox)
Ludwigia palustris (marsh purslane)
Lycopus virginicus (bugleweed)
Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife)
Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Medeola virginiana (cucumber root)
Melampyrum lineare (cow wheat) 6/14/01
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry) 6/14/01
Mikania scandens (climbing hempweed)
Mimulus ringens (monkey flower)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Monarda punctata (horsemint)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe) 7/15/95
Nuphar variegata (spatterdock)
Nymphaea odoratum (fragrant white water lily)
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Oenothera fruticosa (sundrops)
Ornithogalum umbellatum (star of Bethlehem)
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel) 7/15/95
Oxalis violacea (violet wood sorrel)
Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Penstemmon hirsutus (hairy beardtongue)
Phlox sp. (phlox)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 6/14/01
Plantago major (common plantain)
Plantago virginica (Virginia plantain)
Pogonia ophioglossoides (rose pogonia)
Polygala cruciata (cross-leaved milkwort)
Polygala lutea (orange milkwort)
Polygala senega (Seneca snakeroot)
Polygala sp. (pink milkwort)
Polygonatum biflorum (smooth true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum amphibium v. emersum (swamp knotweed)
Polygonum arifolium (halberd-leaved tearthumb)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 6/14/01
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum pensylvanicum (pink knotweed)
Polygonum persicaria (lady's thumb)
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb)
Pontederia cordata (pickerelweed)
Potentilla anserina (silvery cinquefoil) 6/14/01
Potentilla recta (sulphur cinquefoil)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prenanthes spp. (rattlesnake roots)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 7/15/95
Pycnanthemum sp. (mountain mint)
Pyrola elliptica (shinleaf)
Pyrola rotundifolia (round-leaved pyrola)
Pyrola sp. (mottled pipsissewa)
Pyxidanthera barbulata (pyxie or flowering moss)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf crowfoot)
Rhexia sp. (meadow beauty)
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed susan)
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel) 6/14/01
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Sabatia angularis (rose pink)
Sagittaria sp. (arrowhead)
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)
Sanicula marilandica (black snakeroot)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet)
Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant)
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil)
Scleranthus (knawel)
Scutellaria lateriflora (maddog skullcap)
Scutellaria serrata (showy skullcap)
Sedum sp. (stonecrop)
Senecio aureus (golden ragwort)
Silene latifolia (white campion)
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion)
Silene stellata (starry campion)
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (blue-eyed grass) 6/14/01
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle)
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade)
Sonchus oleraceus (common sow thistle)
Sparganium androcladum (branching bur reed) 7/15/95
Spirodela polyrhiza (duckweed)
Stellaria graminea (lesser stitchwort) 6/14/01
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)
Teucrium canadense (American germander)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadow rue)
Tradescantia sp. (spiderwort)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh st. johnswort)
Trichostema dichotomum (blue curls)
Trientalis borealis (star flower)
Trifolium arvense (rabbit foot clover)
Trifolium dubium (least hop clover) 6/14/01
Trifolium pratense (red clover)
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/14/01 7/15/95
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus's looking glass) 6/14/01
Typhus latifolia (broad-leaved cat tail)
Urtica dioica (stinging nettle)
Utricularia inflata? (bladderwort)
Utricularia purpurea (bladderwort)
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort)
Veratrum viride (swamp hellebore)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 7/15/95
Vernonia gigantea (tall ironweed)
Vernonia noveboracensis (New York ironweed)
Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell) 6/14/01
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) 6/14/01
Veronica serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell) 6/14/01
Viola pedata (birdsfoot violet)
Viola pubescens (yellow forest violet)
Viola sp. (blue coast violet)
Xyris sp. (yellow-eyed grass)
Zizia aurea (golden Alexanders)

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex albolutescens (sedge)
Carex amphibola (sedge)
Carex atlantica (sedge)
Carex crinita (sedge)
Carex debilis var. debilis (sedge)
Carex festucaceae (sedge)
Carex intumescens (sedge)
Carex lurida (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex radiata (sedge)
Carex scoparia (sedge)
Carex striata (sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Carex swanii (sedge)
Carex vestita (sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea var. ambigua (previously C. annectens)
Carex vulpinoidea var. vulpinoidea
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush)

Aira caryophyllea (silver hairgrass)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Danthonia spicata (poverty wild oat grass)
Deschampsia flexuosa (hairgrass)
Festuca subverticillata (nodding fescue grass)
Glyceria striata (mannagrass)
Holcus lanatus (velvet grass) 6/14/01
Leersia oryzoides (rice cut grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)
Setaria sp. (foxtail grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Athyrium filix-femina f. rubella (red stiped lady fern)
Botrychium dissectum (dissected grapefern)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris carthusiana (toothed woodfern)
Lycopodium alopecuroides (foxtail clubmoss)
Lycopodium obscurum (ground pine clubmoss)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Schizachyrium scoparium? (little bluestem grass)?
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)
Woodwardia areolata (netted chain fern)

Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum moss)

Probably Not Here Any More:
Drosera intermedia (spatulate-leaved sundew)
Drosera rotundifolia (round-leaved sundew)
Habenaria blephariglottis (white fringed orchid)*
Habenaria ciliaris (yellow fringed orchid)*


April 17, 1949

In the park at Allaire, Dicentra cucullaria had not yet reached its prime but many blossoms were out. Viola scabriuscula was abundant.

We visited the old ruins and found many cars there before us. Public interest seems to have awakened in the new state park. It is to be hoped that the flora does not suffer its usual fate in parks.

Attendance 8. Leader, Vernon L. Frazee

July 24, 1950

A fine day. The highlights of the trip were the abundance of green dragon (over twenty specimens), and the small red granular bulbs of the Dutchman's breeches. Attendance 5, leader, Augusta Allen.

September 16, 1952

Our field chairman, V L Frazee told the history of the abandoned village of Allaire, a one-time iron smelting and manufacturing settlement. Mr. Frazee is a native of this region and recounted many interesting stories about James p. Allaire, Arthur Brisbane, and others. It is distressing, however, to see the damage done by vandals to the old buildings on account of insufficient policing. One wonders as to the wisdom of the State acquiring property when means are not existent to protect, let alone to improve it.

A few new species of plants were added to the list and the autumnal flowers of the park were examined. . . .

A final bit of botanizing near Mr. Frazee's home along the lower Manasquan included the salt marsh aspect. Attendance 15. Leaders, V L Frazee and Louis E. Hand.

July 26 1954.

The historic significance of this interesting park was explained. In a nearby field there were found Lilium superbum, Lycopodium alopecuroides, and Drosera intermedia. Along a roadway nearby was a stand of Habenaria blephariglottis and a few plants of Habenaria ciliaris. The ripe blueberries and Phoenician wineberries were enjoyed for dessert. Attendance 7. Leader, Vernon L. Frazee.

June 5, 1955.

Although this date was picked to find stemless lady's slipper in bloom we were too late for that. Several plants were seen. It was the height of anthesis for mountain laurel and some 20 other species of less massive effect. Many had not seen persimmon in flower previously. Four species new to the park list were Asclepias variegata, Carex vestita, Hypochoeris radicata, and Isotria verticillata (Pogonia).

Another new record was the mud turtle (Kinosternum subrubrum).

In assessing the effect of the Garden State Parkway, we found it adding few if any people to the park. Shoulders and drainage are not stabilized and there is much erosion. Some new lagoons have resulted and one was coming up thickly with Sagittaria. In addition to picnic area and woodland demolished we regret the loss of some excellent stand of mountain laurel, trailing arbutus, hundreds of stemless lady's slippers, and the unique little bog. Attendance 18. Leaders Davie Fairbrothers, John Small, and Warren Wistendahl.