HIGHLAND LAKES STATE PARK
Walkill, Orange County, NY


Directions:

US-87 north to the exit for the Quickway (Route 17 north); take exit 122 at Goshen; head north on Route 207; turn left onto Route 83 (which becomes Route 101 after passing over Route 211) and much later turn right onto Route 47 (Scotchtown-Collobar Road); turn right onto Tamms Road; curve around a bit to a circular parking area off the road on the right. A sign says "Park Closed at Dusk."


Trails:

The Long Path enters off of Route 211 in the southeast part of the park. It then heads right (north) crossing Camp Orange Road; turns left (northwest) to exit on the northwest part of the park at Scotchtown Road at its intersection with King Road. You will pass a circular-series clearing very popular with mountain bikers, hence the clearing.

7/05/02 Parked at the Tamms Road parking area. Walked to a nearby small pond covered with lots of pond scum. Lots of fields in the area. Looking across the fields to the west, was pained to see some huge mansions/houses up on the top of the ridge. And soon that ridge will probably be all houses. Oh, well.

Walked south to a large lake, then east, and north, heading around the lake. With a pair of scissors I rescued a wood thrush from being snared by fishermen's fishing lines. I sure wish those fishermen as a group would stop being such terrible litterers. The path does not seem to go directly around the lake, so turned back and returned the way I came. Snuffy and Rosemary were with me.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney
* = 7/05/02, date plant found in bloom


Trees:
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Ostrya americana (American hop hornbeam)
Populus grandidentata (big-toothed aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)
Salix sp. (willow)
Tilia americana (American basswood) * waning
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Cornus racemosa (gray-stemmed dogwood)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rosa palustris (swamp rose) *
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry) *
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum dentatum (smooth arrowwood viburnum)

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) *
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) *
Agrimonia parviflora (small-flowered agrimony)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Antennaria sp. (pussytoes)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)
Aquilegia canadensis (columbine)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) *
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Bidens sp. (beggarticks)
Centaurea jacea (brown knapweed) *
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed) *
Chenopodium album (pigweed)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) *
Cichorium intybus (chicory) *
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) *
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
Cirsium vulgaris (bull thistle)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) *
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) *
Euphorbia esula (leafy spurge)
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium circaezens (wild licorice)
Galium mollugo (wild madder) *
Galium palustre (marsh bedstraw) *
Geum aleppicum (yellow avens) *
Geum canadense (white avens)
Hypericum punctatum (spotted St. Johnswort) *
Impatiens sp. (jewelweed)
Lemna sp. (duckweed)
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper) *
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Ludwigia palustris (water purslane)
Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife) *
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) *
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Malva moschata var. rubra (musk mallow) *
Malva neglecta (common mallow) *
Matricaria matricarioides (pineappleweed)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) *
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) *
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Penstemmon digitalis (beards tongue) *
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) *
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygala verticillata (whorled milkwort) *
Polygonatum sp. (true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) *
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil) *
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil)
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) *
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) *
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup) *
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil) *
Silene alba (white campion) *
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) * waning
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod) *
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) *
Trifolium aureum (yellow clover) *
Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover) *
Trifolium pratense (red clover) *
Trifolium repens (white clover) *
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein) *
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) *
Verbena hastata (blue vervain) *
Verbena officinalis (white vervain) *
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)
Viola sp. (violet)

Rushes:
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type (sedge)
Carex lurida (sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea (fox-like sedge)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark-green bulrush) *

Grasses:
Agrostis hyemale (tickle grass)?
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Bromus inermis (smooth brome grass)
Calamagrostis canadensis (blue joint grass)?
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Danthonia spicata (poverty grass)
Leersia virginica (white grass)?
Panicum sp. (panic grass) *
Phalaris arundinacea (canary reed grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass )

Ferns:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Lycopodium digitatum (southern ground cedar clubmoss)
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)