SUGAR LOAF MOUNTAIN
Chester, Orange County, NY


June 6, 1937

Due to threatening weather and the fact that this year happened to be an unusually good one for wild strawberries, our party did not climb beyond the lowermost ridges of Sugarloaf Mountain, but spent time on Durland Hill, which lies between Sugarloaf and the town of Chester. While not affording the magnificent view to be seen from all sides of Sugarloaf, this hill (about 850 feet high) appears to be much richer in plants, and like Sugarloaf, is composed of slaty rocks, which foster a strikingly different flora from that of the crystalline Ramapo Mountains to the eastward.

The slopes of . . .


May 4, 1941

A group of twelve members and friends turned up at the Arden Station so the group went by automobile to a region near Chester, Orange County, NY, where G. G. Nearing had previously collection lichens.

Here, on Goat Hill, an outcropping of calcareous shale yielded a number of crustose lichens which were collected for further study. Species such as Acarospora fuscata, Rhizocarpon petraeum var confervoides, and Urceolaria scruposa were common. A yellow, powdery, sterile thallus on the underside of almost every stone in the base of an old wall was puzzling until apothecia were discovered by James McGrath. Nearing later determined this crustose lichen to be Lecidea lucida. A number of Cladonias were collected on this hillside, including C. cristatella ffs, vestita and abbreviata, C mitrula f imbricatula, C chlorophaea f simplex, C delicata f quercina, C pleurota, C furcata, C floerkeana, C rangiferina and C coniocraea.

After lunch, the party moved on to climb Sugarloaf Mountain, a crystalline rock hill. On the rocks Cladonia pyxidata, C uncialis, Stereocaulon paschale and Lecanora rubina were collected. Along the trail up, a tree yielded an abundance of Physcia tribacia in fruit, P encochrysea, and P stellaris. More of the unusual Lecidea lucida was found on the wall of the old roadway on the way up. It was fruiting in greater abundance than on Goat Hill but was difficult to collect as it chooses to grow in the darker crannies in the bottom of the wall. . . .

J. W. Thomson, Jr.