TALLMAN MOUNTAIN STATE PARK
Rockland County, NY


Directions:

By bus:

Red &Tan 9A to Palisades NY/Oak Tree Road (where bus turns west off 9W). Walk north on 9W to a small gas station that says Indian Motorcycles located on east side of road. Just north of the small gas station is parking lot and meeting place. By car: from George Washington Bridge take Palisades Interstate Parkway to Exit 4. Travel north on Route 9W. Pass one traffic light (Oak Tree Road) and watch for the small gas station that says Indian Motorcycles on right. Parking lot and meeting area just north of station.  (The places is just south the where IBM and then the 9W golf place.)

Or you can go over the Tappan Zee Bridge and take the first exit to Route 9W south.  You will drive past Tallman State Park.  Pick up the directions above. An alternative is to continue past the park 0.8 of a mile and pull into a parking lot on the left just before an old abandoned service station. 

This park is located just south of Piermont Pier. You can see the pier from the picnic areas on top of Tallman.


Geology:

The Sparkill Creek flows into the Hudson River between Tallman Mountain and Piermont Pier. 


History:

The cliff area was threatened with quarrying.

1923 --  the Standard Oil Company planned to take 540 acres to make an oil tank "farm." The project was never completed because of strong public opposition. There are still many oil-seepage ditches with earthen berms. When the land was acquired by the park, the ditches became woodland ponds.

1928 --  164 acres were acquired by the Park from Standard Trap Rock Company of Sparkill with money donated by Commissioners Laurance S. Rockefeller, George W. Perkins, and W. Averell Harriman.

In 1933, using Temporary Emergency Relief Administration labor, some 550 men commuted daily from Yonkers to work on the construction of court games, a swimming pool, and picnic area.

The park was so popular that it soon became overcrowded. So in 1942 the Commission acquired 540 additional acres, the money donated by three of the Commissioners, Rockefeller, Perkins, and Harriman.

(Palisades Interstate Park Commission 1960:46)


Trails:

The Long Path comes from the south near the De Wint House in the Village of Tappan. It parallels a berm that was part of a system built for an oil tank storage facility.

The Long Path goes through the main picnic area, around the swimming pool, ascends a paved road, and climbs up to North Hill plateau picnic area. The view from here includes Hook Mountain, Tappan Zee Bridge, Piermont Pier, Sparkill Marsh, Irvington, Dobbs Ferry, and the gothic tower of the Lyndhurst Mansion.

The Long Path continues north to descend a steep path down to Sparkill Creek and enters the Village of Piermont.


PLANT LIST:
Nancy Slowik/Dr. Patrick L. Cooney/TBS (with Dr. William Standaert)


Trees:
Acer platanoides (Norway maple) 4/11/98
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Amelanchier canadensis (shadbush) 4/11/98
Betula lenta (black birch) 4/11/98
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry)
Cercidiphyllum japonicum (katsura tree) not in G&C
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 4/11/98 near
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash) 4/11/98
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum) 4/11/98
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree) 6/08/97
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Ostrya virginiana (eastern hop hornbeam)
Paulownia tomentosa (royal paulownia)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Populus grandidentata (big tooth aspen?)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust) 6/08/97
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush) 7/16/02
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Corylus sp.? (hazelnut?)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush) 4/11/98
Mitchella repens (partridge berry)
Philadelphus sp. (mock orange)
Rhododendron sp. (garden rhododendron)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose) 6/08/97
Rubus alleghaniensis (blackberry) 6/08/97
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry) 6/08/97
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Sambucus racemosa (red-berried elderberry)
Staphylea trifolia (bladdernut)
Vaccinium corymbosum (high bush blueberry) 4/11/98
Vaccinium pallidum (low bush blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum) 6/08/97
Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelainberry)
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Hedera helix (English ivy)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy) 6/08/97
Vinca minor (periwinkle) 4/11/98
Vitis sp. (grape)

Herbs:
Actaea alba (doll's eyes)
Agrimonia striata (woodland agrimony) 7/16/02
Alisma sp. (water plantain) 7/16/02
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 7/16/02
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp dogbane) 7/16/02
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Aralia racemosa (spikenard)
Arctium minus (common burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 6/08/97
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh) 4/11/98
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed) 6/08/97
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 7/16/02
Claytonia virginiana (spring beauty)
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 8/03/93
Conopholis americana (squawroot)
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort)
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's breeches) 4/11/98
Duchesnea indica (Indian strawberry) 7/16/02
Epifagus virginiana (beech drops)
Erechtites hieracifolia (pilewort)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 7/16/02
Erythronium americanum (trout lily) 4/11/98
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset)
Eupatorium purpureum (sweet-scented Joe-Pye-weed) 7/16/02 soon
Galium aparine (cleavers) 6/08/97
Galium sp. (triflorum?) (sweet-scented bedstraw?)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geum canadense (white avens) 7/16/02
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny day lily)
Hepatica americana (hepatica)
Hieracium caespitosum (king devil hawkweed) 6/08/97
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake hawkweed) 6/08/97
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 7/16/02
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) 7/16/02
Krigia biflora (two-flowered Cynthia) 6/08/97
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 8/03/93
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 7/16/02
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Nymphaea or Nuphar sp. (water lily or spatterdock)
Ornithogallum nutans (star of Bethlehem) 6/08/97
Osmorhiza claytonii (sweet cicely) 6/08/97
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 7/16/02
Panax trifolius (dwarf ginseng) 4/11/98
Paronychia canadensis (forked chickweed)
Pedicularis canadensis (wood betony)
Phryma leptostachya (lopseed) 7/16/02 lots of it
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose knotweed) 6/08/97 7/16/02
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum virginianum (Virginia knotweed)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 6/08/97
Prenanthes altissima (tall white lettuce)
Prenanthes sp. (gall of the earth)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 7/16/02
Pyrola elliptica (shinleaf)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf buttercup)
Ranunculus hispidus (hispid buttercup) 4/11/98
Ranunculus recurvatus (hooked crowfoot)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)
Sanicula canadensis (short-styled snakeroot)
Scrophularia lanceolata (hare figwort) 6/08/97
Sedum sp. (purpureum?) (live forever?)
Silene latifolia (white campion) 6/08/97
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal) 6/08/97 waning
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod)
Stellaria media (common chickweed) 4/11/98
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 4/11/98
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 7/16/02
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/08/97
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot) 4/11/98
Urtica dioica var. procera (tall stinging nettle) 7/16/02
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 7/16/02
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) 6/08/97
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 4/11/98

Rushes:
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 4/11/98

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/11/98
Carex sp. (sedge)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark-green bulrush)

Grasses:
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Elymus hystrix (bottle-brush grass)
Leersia virginica (white grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Panicum sp. (panic grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Athyrium filix-femina (northern lady fern)
Athyrium filix-femina f. rubella (red-stiped lady's fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris hexagonoptera (broad beech fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)