PINE SWAMP, HARRIMAN STATE PARK
Harriman State Park, Orange County, NY


Directions:

Tappan Zee Bridge; exit 13 for Palisades Interstate Parkway North. Get off at the left exist for Lake Welch. Follow the signs to Tiorati Circle. At Tiorati Circle take Seven Lakes Drive 2.5 miles south past the south end of Lake Tiorati and then pass Lake Askoti on the right and turn right into the parking area by Lake Shannatati.


PINE SWAMP MINE

The mine takes its name from the nearby wetland, Pine Swamp. It is located in the area around the junction of the red-triangle Arden-Surebridge Trail and the yellow-blazed Dunning Trail in Harriman State Park. The mine is on the hillside located 900 feet south of the intersection of the Dunning Trail and the Arden-Surebridge Trail.

This mine was owned by Robert and Peter Parrott (also owners of the Surebridge Mine). The ore went to the smelting furnaces at Arden, NY. (Lenik 1996:102-105)


SUREBRIDGE MINE

Park at the parking area at lake Skannatati. Take the red-triangle Arden-Surebridge Trail to the area known as Times Square. From here walk north on the trail for 500 feet past where the blazed trail turn left; stay on the old woods road (the Surebridge Mine Road) north. Surebridge Swamp is on the left. The mine is on the right at the northern end of Surebridge Swamp. There are a total of eight mine openings in this area.

The mine was owned by Robert and Peter Parrott in the 19th century, particularly during the Civil War. The ore went to the Greenwood Furnace at Arden, New York for smelting. (Lenik 1996:105-107)


Trails:

I did not get very far on this trip as there was too much botany to look at.  But you can use Peggy Turco's book for a longer walk.  I walked on the Long Path (turquoise markers) along the northern shore of Lake Skannatati.   I did make it to the intersection with the yellow trail. I found a Phragmites australis (giant reed grass) marsh.  I did find the cotton grass here. Came across five wild turkey in a group.  I made it to the top of a hill and then just turned back. There were quite a few trees down on top of the mountain.

9/18/01. Take the Arden-Surebridge Trail (A-SB). Head up the steep Pine Swamp Mountain (with some rock slight climbing). Great view southwest from here of Lake Skannatati and Lake Kanawauke. Pass several old mine holes and then come to a really large mine cut, both on the right side of the trail. Pass by the Dunning Trail (Yellow Blazed). Reach Times Square where three trails meet (A-SB, Ramapo-Dunderberg (R-D), and the Long Path). Continue on the A-SB Trail. As the trail turns left, continue straight on the Surebridge Mine Road. Here is Surebridge Swamp. The dominant species seems to be highbush blueberry with some red maple. Continuing on the A-SB Trail takes the hiker to the Lemon Squeezer near Island Pond.

Returning, took the Dunning Trail (yellow blazed). Pass the large Pine Swamp with lots of leatherleaf around the edges. On the left are the remains of a large mine. Turn left onto the Long Path (turqoise blazed); walk parallel to the edges of Lake Skannatati. Return to the parking lot.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick L. Cooney (October 17, 1996) and with Phil Duckett (9/18/01)


Trees:
Acer pensylvanicum (goosefoot maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Amelanchier sp. (shadbush)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech )
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Ostrya virginiana (American hop hornbeam)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prunus pensylvanica (fire cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Shrubs:
Aralia spinosa (Hercules' club)
Aronia melanocarpa (black chokeberry)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Chamaedaphne calyculata (leatherleaf)
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Decodon verticillata (swamp loosestrife)
Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Gaylussacia frondosa (blue huckleberry)?
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Mitchella repens (partridge berry)
Myrica gale (sweet gale) Turco
Rhododendron maximum (rosebay rhododendron)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet)
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush)

Vines:
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)

Herbs:
Acalypha rhomboidea (three seeded mercury)
Anaphalis margaritacea (pearly everlasting) 9/18/01
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Asclepias syriacus (common milkweed)
Aster divaricatus (white aster) 9/18/01
Aster pilosus or ericoides (small white aster) 9/18/01
Bidens sp. (opp lanceolate toothed lvs discoid)
Bidens cernua (nodding bur marigold)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Brasenia schreberi (water shield)
Ceratophyllum demersum (coontail)
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)
Coronilla varia (crown vetch)
Drosera rotundifolia (round-leaved sundew)
Epifagus virginiana (beech drops)
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus)
Epilobium coloratum (purple-leaved willowherb)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pileweed)
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting)
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort)
Hypericum gentianoides (orangegrass)
Impatiens capensis (orange touch-me-not)
Lechea sp. (pinweed)
Lobelia inflata (inflated tobacco)
Ludwigia palustris (water loosestrife)
Lycopus sp. (bugleweed)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Myriophyllum sp. (water milfoil)
Nymphaea odorata (white water lily) 9/18/01
Polygonum arifolium (arrowhead tearthumb) 9/18/01
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed)
Polygonum hydropiper (water pepper) 9/18/01
Potentilla sp. (cinquefoil)
Sarracenia purpurea (purple pitcher plant) Turco
Solidago erecta (erect or slender goldenrod) 9/18/01
Sparganium americanum (burreed)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trifolium pratense (red clover)
Trifolium repens (white clover) 9/18/01
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Utricularia purpurea (purple bladderwort) 9/18/01 lots
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry) Turco
Vaccinium sp. (low bush blueberry)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)

Rushes:
Juncus canadensis (Canada rush)
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Sedges:
Carex arctata (woodland sedge) Turco
Carex crinita (sack sedge)
Carex follilculata (sack sedge)
Carex lupulina (fat garlic type sedge)
Carex lurida type (sack sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex ovalis type (sack sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Cyperus strigosus (umbrella sedge)
Dulichium arundinacium (three way sedge)
Eriophorum virginicum (cottongrass)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark-green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Danthonia spicata (poverty grass)
Deschampsia flexuosa (hair grass)
Glyceria canadensis (mannagrass)
Glyceria stricta (mannagrass)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cut grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (canary reed grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem grass)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Sorghastrum nutans (Indian nut grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Lycopodium alopecuroides (foxtail clubmoss)
Lycopodium digitatum (ground cedar clubmoss)
Lycopodium obscurum (ground pine clubmoss)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Polypodium sp. (Rock cap fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)

Others:
Polytrichum sp. (haircap moss)
(rock tripe lichen)
Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum)


SUREBRIDGE SWAMP
July 12, 1936

Surebridge Swamp, a high, cold, forested swamp, at an altitude of about 1,000 feet, in the western part of the Harriman Section of the Palisades Interstate Park, was visited on July 12. A new station was found in the depths of the swamp, unusually penetrable owing to dry weather, for the Virginia Chain fern, Woodwardia virginica. The red fruited sorediate lichen, Cladonia incrassata, not common in the Hudson Highlands, was rather extensive here about bases of red maple trees. On the "Lichen Trail," climbing the ledges of Hogencamp Mountain, the only really ample station in the Hudson Highlands, of the Iceland Moss lichen, Cetraria islandica, was noted, other lichens . . .

Raymond H. Torrey