PINE MEADOW LAKE
Harriman State Park, Orange County, NY


Directions:

US 287 to exit 15A; left turn at light onto Route 17 north; right turn onto Seven Lakes Drive; right turn into Reeves Information Center; park.


Geology:

A big mass of granite, broken into blocks by weathering, makes an impressive display on the promontory at Pine Meadow Lake. (Wyckoff 1971:16)


History:

1779-1935 -- the Conklin family lived in the area. Matthew Conklin built a cabin on the future trail in a flat area, bounded by a steep rock on the left (where a wall of the Conklin's cow barn is located) and now by Pine Meadow Lake on the right. On a knoll (about 0.1 mile west of Pine Meadow Lake) is the James Conklin cemetery.

1895 -- Nicholas N. Conklin's grandson James Conklin (1866-1940) inherits 60 acres on the south side of the meadow.

1902 -- James Conklin sells his land to Nicholas Rose.

1906 -- Rose transferred the land to Bessie Gillette, wife of a Sloatsburg doctor, for payment of medical bills.

1921 -- wealthy George Grant Mason of Tuxedo Park gives the park a 125-acre farm (part of which is now called Reeves's meadow).

1922 -- Park Ranger Bill Gee lives in the old Mason farmhouse.

1922 -- Major Welch plans a lake at Pine Meadow.

1923 -- Brooklyn Boy Scout leader Archibald Shorey visits the Conklin cabin where Ramsey Conklin, along with 7 others, lived. Ramsey becomes well known to hikers in the area.

1934 -- water and sewer pipes put in for the CCC camps. There was a Civilian Conservation Corps building here that served as headquarters of the three CC camps in the immediate area. Three sons of Ramsey Conklin (Steve, Nick, and Theodore) joined the CCC and worked on the creation of the new lake.

1935 -- the new lake, Pine Meadow Lake, was flooded, driving out the Conklin family. They eventually build a shack on the side of Limekiln Mountain.

1942 -- the old Conklin cabin in ruins by this time.

1943 -- Pine Meadow Trail (red square on white background) blazed by Frank Place (hiking buddy of Raymond Torrey). The name "Cascade of Slid" came from Frank Place (1881-1959) from a poem by Lord Dunsany.  At one time there was a sign erected (1962) by the Tramp and Trail Club that disappeared around 1970. 

1952 -- Ramsey Conklin dies while on a hunting outing and is buried in the James Conklin cemetery (without a headstone).

1963 -- Theodore Conklin, last of the Conklins, forced out of their shack on Limekiln Mountain when the Park acquired all the land along the Ramapo Rampart.

(Source: Myles 1991:87-95; 360-365)


Trails:

Take the Pine Meadow Trail red rectangle on white background trail but at the fork head out on an unmarked Stony Brook Trail along Stony Brook hugging the brook on the left in this hemlock gorge.

Pass the white-blazed Kakiat Trail (when you see the bridge over Stony Brook).

Cross the second bridge onto a peninsula with Stony Brook on the left and Pine Meadow Brook on the right. Follow Pine Meadow Brook using the white-blazed trail up past huge boulders in the stream. As you head upwards you will come to the Cascade of Slid with its many waterfalls among giant boulders. You have to do some rock scrambling here. Cross over the bridge and pick up the orange trail that in a short distance takes you to the red-blazed on white background Pine Meadow Trail. Turn left and follow this trail all the way to Pine Meadow Lake. You will pass the Stone Giants which are fantastic rock formations and a marsh on your right.

Pine Meadow Lake is very lovely and is a popular destination for hikers. To go back you can just take the red square on white trail the entire way.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney and Philip Duckett


Trees:
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 4/21/02
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Platanus occidentalis (sycamore)
Pyrus sp. (crab apple) 4/21/02
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Shrubs:
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) 4/21/02
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Comptonia peregrina (sweetfern)
Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)
Corylus sp. (hazel)
Gaultheria procumbens (spotted wintergreen)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel) 6/11/01
Ligustrum sp. (privet) 6/11/01
Lindera benzoin (spicebush) 4/21/02
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pink azalea)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose) 6/11/01
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry) 6/11/01
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadow sweet)
Spiraea tomentosa (steeple bush)
Vaccinium corymbosum (high bush blueberry) 4/21/02
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 4/21/02 soon

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Polygonum sagittatum (arrowhead tearthumb)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 6/11/01
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Aster lanceolatus (lance-leaved aster)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 4/21/02 soon
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) 4/21/02
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed)
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)
Chelone glabra (turtlehead)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 6/11/01
Cypripedium acaule (pink lady slipper)
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset)
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge) 4/21/02
Galium sp. (bedstraw)
Hieracium spp. (hawkweed) 6/11/01
Impatiens capensis (jewelweed)
Iris versicolor (blue flag) 6/11/01
Krigia biflora (two-flowered cynthia) 6/11/01
Krigia virginica (one flowered cynthia) 6/11/01
Lycopus virginicus (Virginia bugleweed)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Matricaria matricarioides (pineapple weed) 6/11/01
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber root) 6/11/01
Melampyrum lineare (cowwheat) 6/11/01
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Myriophyllum humile (water milfoil)?
Nuphar variegata (spatterdock)
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 6/11/01
Panax trifolius (dwarf ginseng) 4/21/02
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 6/11/01
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal) 4/21/02 soon
Potentilla anserina (silvery cinquefoil) 6/11/01
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 4/21/02
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 6/11/01
Prenanthes altissima (tall lettuce)
Prenanthes trifoliata (tall rattlesnake root)
Pycnanthemum sp. (mountain mint)
Pyrola elliptica (shinleaf)
Ranunculus recurvatus (hooked buttercup)
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 4/21/02 6/11/01
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trientalis borealis (starflower)
Trifolium aureum (yellow clover) 6/11/01
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 6/11/01
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/11/01
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort) 4/21/02
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) 6/11/01
Viola macloskeyi (northern white violet) 4/21/02
Viola sororia (violet) 4/21/02
Viola sororia (old V. priceana) (confederate violet) 4/21/02

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex lacustris? (Fat, cylindric)
Carex laxiflora type (sedge) 4/21/02
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/21/02
Carex stricta (tussock sedge) 4/21/02
Carex vulpinoidea (sedge)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 4/21/02
Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)

Grasses:
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass) 4/21/02 6/11/01
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass) 6/11/01
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Lycopodium digitatum (ground cedar clubmoss)
Lycopodium obscurum (ground pine clubmoss)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Polypodium sp. (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)