Mount Ivy County Park (Samuel G. Fisher Environmental Park)
Rockland County, NY
270 acres


Directions:

US 287 over the Tappan Zee bridge to exit 13N (Palisades Parkway north). Exit 12; left turn onto Conklin Road; left turn onto Route 45s; right turn onto Pomona Road; quick right turn onto Firemen's Drive.


This is a small park west of South Mountain. It is near the Fireman's Training Center and the dog pound. There is a long graveled road that goes almost to the far end of one side of the park. At the end there is a dump area. There are a lot of false hellebore in the low area.


History:

18th century -- Mount Ivy area was the center of a Quaker settlement.

19th century -- the intersection of Routes 45 and 202 becomes known as Gurnee's Corners. The Gurnee house stood just to the west. The house was owned by John Hewitt and his wife, Anna Gurnee, and was the birthplace of Abraham S. Hewitt.  It became a station called Mount Ivy with the arrival of the N.J. & N.Y. Railroad. (Green 1995:386)

1962-63  -- park acquired.

1984  --  an additional 43 acres added through tax delinquency.

1986 -- an additional 24 acres added through tax delinquency.


Habitat:

Here are the headwaters of the Minesceonga River. It is a protected wetland area.


Trails:

In the middle of the park, running south to north, there is a raised railroad bed of the Erie Lackawanna Railroad above a swampy floodplain forest. This area can be entered from the American Legion Hall on Station Road off Pomona Road, at the south end of the park.

Another trail goes north from Fireman's Memorial Drive to the railroad bed trail.

7/10/02 Made a circular walk heading north on the trail from the Fireman's Memorial Drive entrance. The path ends near the Mont Ivy Diner on Route 202, exit 13 on the Palisades Interstate Parkway. Here there is a large dry field. A short ways from the original path, I took the raised railroad bed path all the way south to the entrance on Station Road by Post 1600 near the eastern edge of the Minesceongo Golf Club course. To get back to my car I had to walk up Station Road, left turn on Pomona Drive, and a left turn onto Fireman's Memorial Drive to the parking area. Along the roadside on my return trip, I saw the white false indigo (Baptisia lactea) for the first time.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick L. Cooney

Dates represent the times the plant were found in bloom.


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus pensylvanica (green ash)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Ostrya virginiana (eastern hop hornbeam)
Pinus strobus (white pine) planted
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Populus deltoides (cottonweed)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Salix nigra (black willow)
Salix sp. (willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Thuja occidentalis (arbor-vitae) planted
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Comptonia peregrina (sweetfern)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lonicera morrowii (morrow's honey suckle) 5/23/97
Lyonia ligustrina (maleberry) 7/10/02
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea) 7/10/02
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rosa palustris (swamp rose) 7/10/02
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet) 7/10/02
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Viburnum dentatum (smooth arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum opulus (cranberry viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 5/23/97

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed) 7/10/02
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax sp. (greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)
Wisteria sp. (wisteria)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 7/10/02
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/23/97 7/10/02
Allium tricoccum (wild leek) 7/10/02
Allium vineale (field garlic) 7/10/02
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp dogbane) 7/10/02
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) 7/10/02
Baptisia lactea (white false indigo) 7/10/02 along roadside
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/23/97
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Cardamine laciniata (cut-leaved toothwort)
Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed) 7/10/02
Centaurea sp. (hybrid knapweed) 7/10/02
Chelidonium majus (celandine) 5/23/97
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 7/10/02
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 7/10/02
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 7/10/02
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 7/10/02
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 7/10/02
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 7/10/02
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 7/10/02
Desmodium sp. (tick trefoil)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 7/10/02
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) 5/23/97
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 5/23/97 7/10/02
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Eupatorium fistulosum (trumpetweed) 7/10/02 soon/roadside
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)
Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge) roadside
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium mollugo (wild madder) 7/10/02
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/23/97
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground) 5/23/97
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Hesperis matronalis (dame's rocket) 7/10/02 one left in bloom
Hieracium sp. (hawkweed)
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 7/10/02
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Iris sp. (blue or yellow flag)
Lactuca canadensis (wild lettuce)
Lepidium campestre (field peppergrass) 5/23/97
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper) 7/10/02
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 5/23/97 7/10/02
Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife) 7/10/02
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 7/10/02
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 7/10/02
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 7/10/02
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) 7/10/02
Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot) 7/10/02 roadside
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 7/10/02
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain 5/23/97 7/10/02
Plantago major (common plantain)
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum aviculare (knotweed) 7/10/02
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 7/10/02
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 5/23/97
Prenanthes altissima (tall white lettuce)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 7/10/02
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf buttercup) 5/23/97
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan) 7/10/02
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Silene latifolia (white campion) 7/10/02
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solidago canadensis (Canada goldenrod)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 5/23/97 7/10/02
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress)
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus' looking glass)
Trifolium arvense (rabbit foot clover) 7/10/02
Trifolium aureum (yellow clover) 7/10/02
Trifolium hybridum (alslike clover) 7/10/02
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 7/10/02
Trifolium repens (white clover) 7/10/02
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Veratrum viride (swamp hellebore) 5/23/97
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein) 7/10/02
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 7/10/02
Verbena hastata (blue vervain) 7/10/02
Vicia cracca (cow vetch) 7/10/02

Rushes:
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush)

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora (sedge)
Carex lurida (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea (fox-like sedge)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Bromus inermis (smooth brome grass)
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome grass)?
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Echinochloa muricata (barnyard grass) with long awns
Leersia virginica (white grass)?
Lolium perenne (English rye grass)
Panicum sp. (panic grass)
Phleum pratense (Timothy grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Setaria sp. (foxtail grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Lycopodium digitatum (northern ground pine clubmoss)
Lycopodium obscurum (ground cedar clubmoss)
Adiantum pedatum (maidenhair fern)
Athyrium filix-femina f. rubella (red-stiped lady fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)