Bellvale Mountain
Continental Road, Orange County, NY


Directions:

0  from Hastings-on-Hudson;  26.4 miles to the light at exit 15A (Route 17 north);  at 1.4 miles pass the exit for Ringwood State Park; at 2.5 miles you pass Seven Lakes Drive (for Claudius Smith's Den walk); at 4.9 miles you pass the Tuxedo Railroad Station (where you can also hike to Claudius Smith's Den); at 6.3 miles pass Duck Cedar Inn; at 7.3 miles you reach the left turn for Route 17A;  turn diagonally left and then at stop sign, turn left.

At 1.4 miles you pass Long Meadow Road;  at 2.2 miles the 4-lane highway becomes a 2 lane highway; 2.8 miles Renaissance Fair; 5.7 miles pass the parking area for Sterling Ridge Trail.  6.0 miles Old Tuxedo Road; turn/bear right in Greenwood Lake; then shortly bear left;  you will be climbing another ridge; at 9.3 miles is the parking area for the Appalachian Trail (off on the left).


History:

Continental Road. In 1779 this road was made at the express request of George Washington.  He sought a shorter and safer route to transport supplies and establish faster communications between his headquarters in New Windsor, NY and his troops in Morristown, NJ.  The Orange Turnpike was not satisfactory because it was constantly under scrutiny and attack.  (Winslow 1992:43)


Geology:

This mountain is a continuation of the Bearfort Mountain ridge to the west of Greenwood Lake. The AT follows along this ridge.

red shale here


Trip Report  5/20/98

Started to walk south on the Appalachian Trail.  Went through a gap in a stonewall.  This is dry ridge walking here.  Seems drier than the ridge to the east (Sterling Ridge Trail) -- Pinus rigida is here.  Fairly homogeneous dry areas.  I did come to a pond where there was some change in habitat -- buttonbush, tupelo, highbush blueberry.  Turned around and came back the way I came.  


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple) -- not many
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Populus grandidentata (big-toothed aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry) 5/20/98
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Cephalanthus occidentalis (button bush) in a button bush swamp area
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaved dogwood) 5/20/98
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus) 5/20/98
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry) 5/20/98
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Quercus ilicifolia (scrub oak)
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pinxter flower) 5/20/98
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus pensilvanicus (Pennsylvania blackberry) 5/20/98
Rubus spp. (blackberries) 5/20/98
Vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside huckleberry)
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry) 5/20/98
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum) 5/20/98
Viburnum lentago (sweet viburnum) 5/20/98
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 5/20/98

Vines:
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis vulpina (frost grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/20/98
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone) 5/20/98 a couple
Arabis laevigata (smooth rockcress)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Aster schreberi? (Schreber's aster?)
Aureolaria flava (smooth false fox glove)
Baptisia sp.
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed) 5/20/98
Comandra umbellata (bastard toadflax) 5/20/98
Cypripedium acaule (pink lady slippers) 5/20/98
Galium aparine (cleavers) 5/20/98
Galium lanceolatum (sharp-pointed wild licorice)
Gaultheria procumbens (checkerberry)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/20/98
Glechoma hederacea (gill-over-the-ground) 5/20/98
Hesperis matronalis (dame's rocket) 5/20/98
Hieracium caespitosum (yellow king devil hawkweed) 5/20/98
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake hawkweed)
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass) 5/20/98
Impatiens capensis (jewelweed)
Ipomoea sp.? (morning glory type)?
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 5/20/98
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber root)
Melampyrum lineare (cow wheat)
Orobanche uniflora (one-flowered cancer root) 5/20/98
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel) 5/20/98
Plantago plantaginifolia (plantain-leaved pussytoes) 5/20/98
Polygonatum biflorum (smooth true Solomon's seal) 5/20/98
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal) 5/20/98
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 5/20/98
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 5/20/98
Prenanthes spp. (lettuces)
Rumex acetosella (field sorrel)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon' seal) 5/20/98
Smilax herbacea (carrion flower greenbrier)
Stellaria media (common chickweed) 5/20/98
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 5/20/98
Tussilago farfara (colts foot)
Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell)5/20/98
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) 5/20/98
Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden Alexanders) 5/20/98

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex stipata type (sedge)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal wood fern)
Polypodium appalachianum? (rock-cap fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)

Others:
rock tripe lichen