CLAUSLAND MOUNTAIN
Rockland County , NY


Nike Overlook Park I and II - Tweed Boulevard - Orangeburg

Situated atop Clausland Mountain, Scenic overviews, picnicking, open play areas, camping overnight for groups by permit and hiking.


Geology:

Waters from the Palisades flow along Clausland Mountain Road and then south into Sparkill Creek.


History:

The area was named after the Indian, Jans Claus. His Indian name was Tackamack. Claus was a sachem of the Wickquaskeeks with headquarters at Dobbs Ferry, Westchester County. Jan Claus sold about 7,500 acres in 1677 to David Demarest. The land included what is now Oradell, Bergenfield, Dumont and New Milford, New Jersey.

1969  --  Rockland County purchased the land.

early 1970s  --   The Clausland Mountain Preservation Association formed by the Alison family and a group of friends in order to preserve some 450 acres of Clausland Mountain summit from a development proposed at that time.

1981  --  Three small adjoining tracts were acquired in 1981.


Trails:

The Long Path comes out of the south from the Rockland Cemetery and the path along the ridge to Mt. Nebo, once a Nike missile site.

7/06/02 Parked at Tackamack Park and crossed Clausland Mountain Road following the blue blazes of the Long Path. Descended to cross over a stream on a bridge. Then cross over another stream. Then it was mostly uphill to the top of the mountain. Took the orange trail further up the hill to the old Nike base. It provided a nice change of habitat from the constant woods walk of the Long Path. My wife complained that the walk was boring, but I thought it was alright, even though not the greatest. She was disappointed that there were no views from this walk like most of the other Palisades walks.


Threat to the Area:

Clausland Mountain Preservation Association reports that:

The original seller of this land held back 50 acres of the high summit of this mountain for future development. This land remained in a passive state until just recently when a new developer became involved who would now like to place 18 new luxury homes on this summit. Plans to clear-cut 50 acres on the summit of Clausland Mountain would the mountain's priceless vista for generations to come. There's still a chance to save the mountain - and we need your help!

A builder has captured this property. But thanks to the splendid initiative launched by our colleagues at Scenic Hudson, Inc. and others, $1.5 million dollars has been pledged to purchase this land and convert it to passive park land and open space. But unless the balance of $650,000.00 can be found, development will proceed. . . and that forested area, soon to be covered with roofs, will be lost to you forever.  To help, contact:  Scenic Hudson, Inc./Clausland, Post Office Box 166, Palisades, New York 10964.

www.clausland.com/index.html


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple) 4/25/97
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Aralia spinosa (Hercules club)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus pensylvanica (green ash)
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust) planted
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Ostrya virginiana (eastern hop hornbeam)
Pinus sp. (Austrian pine ?)
Prunus sp. (cherry or peach) 4/25/97
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus sp. (crabapple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood) 7/06/02 waning
Tsuga canadensis (hemlock)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Elaeagnus umbellata (Autumn olive)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Forsythia sp. (forsythia) 4/25/97
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ligustrum vulgare (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spice bush) 4/25/97
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus odoratus (purple-flowering raspberry) 7/06/02
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Weigelea sp. (weigelea) 7/06/02 waning

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed) 7/06/02
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) 7/06/02 a few in bloom
Menispermum canadense (moonseed)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 7/06/02
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)
Vitis sp. (unknown grape like cluster buds on a shrub)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 7/06/02
Actaea alba (doll's eyes)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 7/06/02
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone)
Antennaria sp. (pussytoes)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp) 7/06/02
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) 7/06/02
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 7/06/02
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 7/06/02
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 7/06/02
Cirsium discolor (field thistle)
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 7/06/02
Conopholis americana (squawroot)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 7/06/02
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 7/06/02
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine orchid) 7/06/02
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 7/06/02
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
Galium circaezens (wild licorice)
Gallium mollugo (wild madder) 7/06/02
Geum canadense (white avens) 7/06/02
Hieracium caespitosum (field hawkweed) 7/06/02
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass) 7/06/02
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper) 7/06/02
Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs) 7/06/02
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 7/06/02
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Mollugo verticillata (carpetweed) 7/06/02
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Osmorhiza claytonii (sweet cicely)
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 7/06/02
Penstemon digitalis (beard's tongue)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 7/06/02
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum arifolium (halberd-leaved tearthumb)
Polygonum aviculare (bird knotweed) 7/06/02
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 7/06/02
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil) 7/06/02
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 7/06/02
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prenanthes altissima (tall white lettuce)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal)
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium (narrow-leaved mountain mint) 7/06/02
Pyrola rotundifolia (round-leaved shinleaf) 7/06/02
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan) 7/06/02
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 7/06/02
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle nightshade) 7/06/02
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod)
Solidago spp. (goldenrod)
Spiraea sp.? (bush covered w white fls) 4/25/97
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 4/25/97 7/06/02
Trifolium repens (white clover) 7/6/02
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus' looking glass)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)
Viola sp. (violet)

Rushes:
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 4/25/97

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type (sedge)
Carex lurida (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea (fox-like sedge)
Cyperus lupulinus (cyperus)
Eleocharis sp. (spikerush)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark-green bulrush)

Grasses:
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Danthonia spicata (poverty grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Panicum sp. (woolly panic grass)?
Paspalum sp. (paspalum grass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem)
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)

Ferns:
Adiantum pedatum (northern maidenhair fern)
Athyrium filix-femina f. rubella (red-stiped lady fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris phegopteris (northern beech fern)