BLAUVELT STATE PARK
Clausland Mountain Road, Rockland County, NY


Directions:

From the Tappan Zee Bridge heading south on Route 9W go .4 miles and then take a right turn (just after a blinking caution light) onto Old Mountain Road. Then take a left at the T-intersection onto Clausland Mountain Road. Go 1.2 miles and turn right into the parking lot of Tackamack park.

US 87
TZ Bridge
Palisades Interstate Parkway -- North
Exit 12 left and then right onto Route 45
right South Mountain Road (passing over Central Highway)
Pass Zukor Road
left/right Haverstraw Road/Knapp Lane (Parking?)
or:
9W north
left Haverstraw Road (north of Route 304)
The highest points on the Palisades are High Tor (elevation 832 feet) and Little Tor (710 feet).


Geology:

Waters from a pond flow south to Sparkill Creek.


History:

1911 -- the family of Steven Rowe Bradley of Nyack, NY honored their father's wish and donated 212 acres on South Mountain to the Palisades Interstate Park Commission. (Binnewies, 2001:73-74) The Blauvelts were an important family in Rockland County. It was one of the best-known and most numerous Dutch families in the county. Four of its members took the oath in 1687. (Talman 1977:9)

Anna Maria De Wint Blauvelt and her husband lived at the DeWint House visited four times by George Washington. Her husband may have been an aide to Washington. Her brother-in-law, Johannis Joseph Blauvelt, was a participant in the Revolutionary War even though he was in his 60s.

The park was named for New York Senator Blauvelt in recognition of his championing the causes of the Palisades Interstate Park Commission. Even after his retirement from politics Blauvelt continued to work for PIPC, this time as attorney. (Binnewies, 2001:87,126)

Located at South Mountain. Tweed Boulevard that borders the park is named for the infamous William M. "Boss" Tweed of New York City. He sponsored a road connecting Hoboken, NJ and Nyack , NJ.

They have old tunnels and rifle ranges . A nearby embankment was the site of the firing line for the pre-World War I firing range of the National Guard Camp known as Bluefield Camp. The National Guard had to abandon the place because the lead from the bullets landed in Grand View to the east along the river. The trees in this part were planted after the camp was abandoned by the National Guard. (Guide to the Long Path, NY-NJTC, 1996:14-15)

In another area the LP crosses an earth-covered concrete tunnel. This tunnel provided safe passage from the firing line to the target wall. The trail continues until it emerges onto Tweed Boulevard.

The Hiram Blauvelt Art Museum of Art in Oradell, NJ is housed in Hiram Blauvelt's 1893 turreted, shingle-style carriage house. In 1957 Blauvelt donated his private wildlife art and big-game collection. Among the exhibits at the museum are a large collection of Audubon folios, natural history dioramas, and artistic works by Carl Rungius and Charles Livingston. (Scheller 1998:8)


Trails:

The Long Path comes out of the south from Tackamack Park in the town of Orangetown.


May 15, 1995

pinxter flower *
flowering dogwood *
Canada mayflower *
dam and waterspill
swampy area

Take the blue trail down to a small dam. There is a great marsh area here. The trail then follows the stream leading into the marsh. Cross over the stream, go uphill, to an intersection with the orange trail. The orange trail weaves in and out around the blue trail. If you go east on the orange trail you will go to another dammed area and another great pond and marsh area. Following the orange trail north leads you to a white pine grove and then to an open area and intersection with the blue trail. Following either the orange trail or the blue trail takes one to an open area (a bald rock section) with interesting plants. Shortly after this I turned around and came straight south back to the parking lot.

6/28/02. Parked at the parking area near the intersection of Greenbush Road and Route 303. There is an old asphalt road that heads up the hill going northeast and then bends back southwest and finally straightens out heading north/northeast. There are a great number of invasives here and in places the multiflora rose and Asiatic bittersweet try desperately to block the trail. Going straight you come to the open area mentioned above where the Palisades rock (diabase) is exposed. Still heading north, the hiker finds himself on something like an old causeway. On this the path intersects with the blue trail. Going right on the blue trail takes you down to the parking area at Tackamack Park. Unfortunately, you have to cross over suburban Marsico Road to get there. (The previous time I was at Blauvelt, I don't remember this road being there. Ah, progress, what can I say?)

7/09/02 Walked through Tackamack Park via the Long Path. Went past the open area around the diabase rocks and then out to the remains of the old rifle range?, now much of the concrete bunker covered in painted graffitti. Found mile-a-minute (Polygonum perfoliatum), the first time I have seen the plant in over 10 years of botanizing. It is an easy plant to remember.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Alnus sp. (alder)
Aralia spinosa (Hercules' club)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Catalpa speciosa (catalpa) 6/28/02
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/15/95
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus pensylvanica (green ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tuliptree)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Picea abies (Norway spruce)
Pinus resinosa (red pine) planted
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus sp. (crabapple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pinxter flower) 5/15/95
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Rubus sp. (dewberry)
Salix nigra (black willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen) 6/28/02 soon
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Cornus racemosa (gray-stem dogwood)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Forsythia sp. (golden bells)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry) 6/28/02
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry) 6/28/02
Sambucus rubrum (red elderberry)
Staphylea trifolia (bladdernut)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum var. dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum opulus var. americanum (cranberry viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)
Vinca minor (periwinkle)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) 6/28/02
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 6/28/02
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)
Vitis riparia (frost grape)
Wisteria sp. (wisteria)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 6/28/02
Alisma sp. (water plantain) 8/16/96
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 6/28/02
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 8/16/96
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp dogbane) 6/28/02
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asarum canadense (wild ginger)
Aster sp. (aster)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 8/16/96
Bidens sp. (beggar ticks)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Chelone glabra (white turtlehead)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 6/28/02
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 6/28/02
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 8/16/96
Conopholis americana (squawroot)
Conyza canadensis (horseweed) 8/16/96
Cyperus strigosus (umbrella sedge)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Desmodium paniculatum (panicled hawkweed) 8/16/96
Desmodium sp. (showy tick trefoil?)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 6/28/02 8/16/96
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's breeches)
Epilobium coloratum (purple-leaved willow herb) 6/28/02 8/16/96
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort) 8/16/96
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 6/28/02 8/16/96
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) 8/16/96
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass leaved goldenrod) 8/16/96
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geum canadense (white avens) 6/28/02
Hedeoma pulegioides (American pennyroyal)
Hieracium sp. (hawkweed) 6/28/02
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake hawkweed) 8/16/96
Hypericum gentianoides (orangeweed) 8/16/96
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 6/28/02 8/16/96
Hypericum punctatum (spotted St. Johnswort) 6/28/02
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) 6/28/02
Iris sp. (blue or yellow flag)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs) 6/28/02
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco) 8/16/96
Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal flower) 8/16/96
Ludwigia palustris (marsh purslane)
Ludwigia alternifolia (seedbox) 8/16/96
Lycopus virginicus (Virginia bugleweed)
Ludwigia alternifolia (seedbox)
Ludwigia palustris (marsh purslane)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 5/15/95
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel) 6/28/02 8/16/96
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) 6/28/02 8/16/96
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed) 8/16/96
Polygonum arifolium (halberd-leaved tearthumb) 8/16/96
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 6/28/02 8/16/96
Polygonum hydropiperoides (water pepper)
Polygonum perfoliatum (mile-a-minute vine)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 8/16/96
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium (narrow-leaved mountain mint) 6/28/02
Pyrola rotundifolia (round-leaved shinleaf)
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel)
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solidago bicolor (silverrod)
Solidago odora (sweet goldenrod)
Solidago sp. (goldenrods) 8/16/96
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Trichostema dichotomum (blue curls) 8/16/96
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 6/28/02
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/28/02
Urtica dioica var. dioica (stinging nettle)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 8/16/96
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)

Rushes:
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Juncus bufonius? (toad rush?)

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora (sack sedge)
Carex lurida (sack sedge)
Carex stipata (sack sedge)
Eleocharis sp. (spikerush)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Cinna arundinacea reed (woodgrass)
Echinochloa crusgalli (barnyard grass)
Echinochloa walteri (Walter's barnyard grass)
Glyceria striata (mannagrass)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cutgrass)
Lolium perenne (perennial rye grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass) lots in places/covers paths
Panicum clandestinum (deer tongue grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)
Setaria sp. (foxtail grass)
Triticum aestivum (wheat)?

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)