BASHAKILL WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA
Westbrookville, Sullivan and Orange Counties, NY
1,333 acres


Directions:

Sullivan and Orange counties, N.Y. From New York City, take I-87 to Exit 113, about 30 miles. Turn south (left) on U.S. 209 and go 1.9 miles. Turn east (left) onto Haven Road, drive 0.8 mile to South Road and turn south (right). After 2.4 miles, turn right onto a dirt road and park, after 0.1 mile, at its end (A). An abandoned railroad bed runs the length of the wetland and serves as a trail.


Geology:

Bashakill is located between the Shawangunk Mountains to the east and the Catskill Mountains to the west lie the largest wetlands in the nearly 300 miles that separate New York City's Jamaica Bay and the Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge west of Syracuse. Because of its size and location, the Bashakill Wildlife Management area, 5 miles long and less than a mile across, offers an extraordinary diversity of habitat and plant and animal life.

From NYC, driving on NY 17 to Bashakill, you cross the Wallkill Valley, carved out by stream and glacier and almost entirely floored by dark Normanskill and Martinsburg group shales, graywackes, and sandstones.

You cross the Shawangunk Ridge between the towns of Bloomingburg and Wurtsboro. The ridge rises about 700 feet above the Wallkill Valley. The tilting of the Shawangunk occurred during the later Acadian uplift, which also overprinted Taconian deformation of the underlying rocks. The Shawangunk Ridge stretches for 100 miles from Kingston, New York to Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania.

Driving down the western side of the Shawangunks, you can see the wide wetlands of Bashakill off to the left. (To the west lies the Allegheny Plateau -- Poconos and Catskills). At the southeastern end of the Bashakill wetlands the Bashakill and the Pine Kill meet. The Pine Kill rushes off the western hills. The sediment from this stream creates a natural gravel dam at the confluence of the two streams thereby crating the wetlands.

Bashakill is located at the bottom of the Port Jervis trough. The trough has been excavated by stream and glacial erosion of the weak middle Devonian Hamilton group shales and siltstones of the backside of the Shawangunk Mountains. All the major streams that enter the trough from the Allegheny Plateau turn sharply and follow it for many miles. The valley floor is flat because, like so many major valleys of the glaciated regions of New York, it is filled with glacial outwash and lake sediments. The now-abandoned Delaware and Hudson Canal along its floor once provided a connecting link for barge traffic between the two rivers.

If you drive past Bashakill you climb 900 feet onto the eastern scarp of the Allegheny Plateau, passing spectacular roadcuts in middle and late Devonian strata of the Catskill Delta.

Sources:
Audubon; 1984; The Audubon Society Field Guide to the Natural Places of the Mid-Atlantic States; Inland. New York:Pantheon Book.
Van Diver, Bradford B.; 1985; Roadside Geology of New York. Missoula: Mountain Press.


Habitats:

marsh and open water, upland and swamp woods, old fields, and abandoned orchards.


Trail:

The D&H Canal Heritage Corridor (south section) starts at the parking area near the intersection of Short Road and South Road.  It heads north to the northern end of Basher Kill Lake and crosses Route 17 and heads up to Wurtsboro (along 1st Street).

It then passes Hornbeck's Basin Access (off Route 209 on the east side). 

It then passes the Catskill Mountain Ranch and ends at the D&H Canal Linear Park (off of Route 209 -- on the western side).


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple) 4/29/97
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush) 4/29/97
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/21/97
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn) 5/21/97
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Ostrya virginiana (eastern hop hornbeam)
Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)
Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Populus alba (white poplar)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry) 5/21/97
Prunus virginiana (chokecherry) 7/23/97 fruit
Pyrus malus (apple tree)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus bicolor (swamp white oak)
Quercus muhlenbergia (yellow oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Salix babylonica (weeping willow)
Salix nigra (black willow)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Shrubs:
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) 4/29/97
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen) 7/23/97
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Comptonia peregrina (sweetfern)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Cornus racemosa (gray-stemmed dogwood)
Cotinus obovatus (American smoke tree) (planted) 7/23/97
Decodon verticillatus (swamp loosestrife)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Forsythia sp. (golden bells) 4/29/97 5/21/97
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly) 7/23/97 fruit
Kalmia angustifolia (sheepskill)
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle) 5/21/97
Lonicera tatarica (Tatarian honeysuckle) 5/21/97
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Lyonia ligustrina (maleberry)
Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Rhus copallina (winged sumac) 7/23/97 soon
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac) 7/23/97
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose) 6/19/97
Rosa palustris (swamp rose) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Rubus alleghaniensis (blackberry) 6/06/97
Rubus flagellaris (dewberry)
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry) 7/23/97
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry) 6/19/97 7/23/97
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Salix sericea? (silky willow)
Salix sp. (willow) 4/29/97
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry) 6/19/97
Spiraea alba v latifolia (meadowsweet) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Syringa vulgaris (lilac) 5/21/97
Vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry) 4/29/97 5/21/97
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood) 6/19/97
Viburnum lentago (sweet viburnum) 5/21/97 soon 6/06/97

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Apios americana (ground nut)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Clematis virginiana (virgin's bower) 8/24/94
Cuscuta sp. (dodder) 8/24/94
Dioscorea villosa (wild yamroot)
Lonicera dioica (glaucous-leaved honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Polygonum convolvulus (black bindweed) 8/24/94
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)
Vitis vulpina (frost grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 6/19/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Actaea alba (doll's eyes)
Agrimonia gryposepala (agrimony) 7/20/02
Alisma triviale (water plantain) 7/20/02 7/26/97
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/21/97 6/06/97 7/20/02
Allium vineale (field garlic) 7/23/97
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 8/24/94
Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone) 4/29/97 5/21/97
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone) 4/29/97
Antennaria sp. (pussytoes)
Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane) 7/20/97
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine) 5/14/97
Arabis glabra (tower mustard) 6/06/97 6/19/97
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium minus (common burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack in the pulpit) 5/21/97
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/21/97 6/06/97
Berteroa incana (hoary alyssum) 6/06/97 7/20/02 7/23/97
Bidens discoidea (beggar ticks)
Bidens spp. (beggar ticks)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Callitriche sp. (water starwort)
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) 5/21/97
Carduus nutans (nodding thistle) 7/23/97
Centaurea jacea (brown knapweed) 7/23/97
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed) 6/06/97
Chelone glabra (white turtlehead)
Chenopodium album (pigweed)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 6/06/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Cicuta bulbifera (bulb-bearing water hemlock) 8/24/94
Cicuta maculata (water hemlock) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Cimicifuga racemosa (bugbane) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 7/20/02
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 7/20/02
Convallaria majalis (lily of the valley) 5/21/97
Conyza canadensis (horseweed)
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort)
Cypripedium acaule (pink lady's slipper)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Desmodium canadense (showy tick trefoil) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Desmodium paniculatum (pointed-leaved tick trefoil) 7/17/96 7/23/97
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 6/19/97 7/20/02 7/23/97 8/24/94
Echium vulgare (vipers bugloss) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Erigeron strigosus (lesser daisy fleabane) 6/19/97 7/20/02 7/23/97
Erythronium americanum (trout lily) 4/29/97
Eupatorium purpureum (sweet-scented Joe-Pye-weed) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge) 7/20/02
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) 7/23/97 8/24/94
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry) 5/21/97
Galinsoga quadriradiata (hairy galinsoga) 7/23/97
Galium aparine (cleavers) 5/21/97 6/06/97 7/23/97
Galium circaezens (wild licorice bedstraw) 7/23/97
Galium mollugo (wild bedstraw) 6/06/97 6/19/97 7/20/02 7/23/97
Galium palustre (marsh bedstraw)? 7/20/02
Galium sp. (bedstraw) 7/17/96
Galium verum (yellow bedstraw) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/21/97 6/19/97
Geum allepicum (yellow avens) 7/20/02 7/26/97
Geum canadense (white avens) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground) 5/21/97 6/19/97
Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Helianthus divaricatus (woodland sunflower) 7/20/02
Helianthus strumosus (pale-leaved sunflower) 7/23/97
Hemerocallis fulva (day lily) 7/17/96 7/23/97
Hieracium caespitosum (field hawkweed) 6/06/97
Hieracium paniculatum (panicled hawkweed)
Hypericum mutilum (dwarf St. Johnswort) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97 8/24/94
Hypericum punctatum (spotted St. Johnswort) 7/20/02 7/26/97
Impatiens capensis (forget-me-not) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97 8/24/94
Iris versicolor (blue flag) 6/06/97 7/17/96
Krigia biflora (two-flowered Cynthia) 6/19/97
Lactuca canadensis (wild yellow lettuce) 7/23/97
Lemna sp. (duckweed)
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Lepidium campestre (field peppergrass) 5/21/97
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper) 6/06/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Lespedeza intermedia (wandlike bush clover) 7/23/97
Lespedeza japonica (Japanese bush clover)
Lespedeza violacea (violet bush clover) 7/23/97
Linaria vulgaris (butter-and-eggs) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97 8/24/94
Lindernia dubia (false pimpernel) 7/23/97
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 5/21/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Ludwigia palustris (water purslane)
Lychnis flos-cuculi (ragged robin) 6/06/97
Lycopus sp. (bugleweed) 7/17/96 8/24/94
Lycopus virginicus (Virginia bugleweed) 7/23/97
Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Lysimachia terrestris (swamp candles) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97 8/24/94
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 5/21/97 6/06/97
Matricaria matricarioides (pineapple weed) 7/20/02 7/23/97 8/24/94
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 6/06/97 7/20/02 7/26/97
Medicago sativa (alfalfa) 7/17/96
Melampyrum lineare (cowwheat) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) 6/06/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Mentha arvensis (wild mint) 7/20/02 7/26/97
Mimulus ringens (monkey flower) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Myosotis laxa (lesser forget-me-not) 7/26/97
Myosotis scorpioides (forget-me-not) 6/19/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Nuphar variegata (spatterdock) 5/21/97 7/20/02 7/23/97 8/24/94
Nymphaea odorata (fragrant white water lily) 7/20/02 7/23/97 8/24/94
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Osmorhiza claytonii (sweet Cicely) 6/06/97
Oxalis stricta (wood sorrel) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Panax trifolius (dwarf cinquefoil) seen by Judith Fitzgerald
Pedicularis canadensis (wood betony) 5/14/97
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Penthorum sedoides (ditch stonecrop) 7/26/97
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) 7/17/96 7/20/02
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 5/21/97 7/20/02 7/23/97 8/24/94
Plantago major (common plantain) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Polygala paucifolia (fringed polygala) 5/14/97
Polygonatum biflorum (smooth true Solomon's seal)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal) 5/21/97
Polygonum amphibium (swamp knotweed)
Polygonum arenastrum? (door yard knotweed) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Polygonum arifolium (halberd-leaved tearthumb)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose knotweed) 6/19/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum hydropiper (water pepper)
Polygonum hydropiperoides (false water pepper) 8/24/94
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding smartweed) 7/20/02
Polygonum pennsylvanicum (pink knotweed) 8/24/94
Polygonum robustius (knotweed) 7/23/97
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb) 8/24/94
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Pontederia cordata (pickerelweed) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97 8/24/94
Potamogeton sp. (pondweed) - ribbon lvs 7/20/02
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil) 6/06/97 6/19/97 7/20/02 7/23/97
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 5/21/97
Potentilla palustris (marsh cinquefoil)
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 5/21/97 6/19/97
Prenanthes altissima (tall white lettuce)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf crowfoot) 4/29/97 5/21/97
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup) 6/06/97 6/19/97 7/20/02 7/23/97
Ranunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup) 5/21/97 6/06/97
Ranunculus recurvatus (hooked buttercup) 5/21/97
Rorippa palustris (marsh yellow cress) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Rudbeckia hirta v pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Rumex acetosella (field sorrel) 7/20/02
Rumex crispus (curled dock) 6/19/97
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) 6/19/97
Sagittaria latifolia (broad-leaf arrowhead) 8/24/94
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Scutellaria galericulata (marsh skullcap) 7/20/02
Sedum telephioides (garden sedum)
Senecio aureus (golden ragwort) 6/06/97
Silene latifolia (white campion) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Silene pubera (star chickweed) 7/20/02
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 6/19/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (blue-eyed grass) 6/19/97
Sium suave (water parsnip) 7/20/02
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal) 6/06/97
Smilax herbacea (carrion flower)
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle) 7/20/02
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade)
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod)
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Solidago rugosa (rough-stemmed goldenrod) 8/24/94
Sparganium androcladum (branching burreed 7/20/02 7/23/97
Stellaria media (common chickweed) 4/29/97
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum erythrospermum? (red-seeded dandelion) 7/23/97
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 4/29/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Thalictrum dioicum (early meadowrue)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Thlaspi arvense (pennycress)
Tragopogon pratensis (goat's beard) 6/19/97 7/20/02 7/23/97
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trichostema dichotomum (blue curls) 7/23/97
Trientalis borealis (starflower) 5/21/97 6/06/97
Trifolium arvense (rabbit's foot clover) 7/23/97
Trifolium aureum (yellow clover) 6/19/97 7/17/96 7/23/97
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 6/06/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/06/97 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Trillium erectum (red trillium) 5/14/97
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot) 4/29/97
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Utricularia vulgaris (common bladderwort) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Vallisneria americana? (water celery)
Veratrum viride (swamp hellebore)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein) 7/23/97
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 7/17/96 7/20/02 7/23/97
Verbena hastata (blue vervain) 7/20/02 7/23/97
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 7/23/97
Veronica anagallis-aquatica (water speedwell) 7/20/02
Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell) 5/21/97 6/06/97
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)
Veronica scutellata (marsh speedwell) 6/26/97
Veronica serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell) 6/06/97
Viola conspersa (dog violet) 4/29/97 5/21/97
Viola cucullata (marsh blue violet) 5/21/97
Viola rotundifolia? (round-leaved violet)
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 5/21/97
Yucca filamentosa (Adam's needle) (planted) 7/23/97
Zizia aurea (golden Alexanders) 5/21/97 6/06/97

In the waters of Bashakill is an unknown-to-me plant that was blooming 7/20/02 with white arrowhead (Sagittaria) type flowers and mud plantain (Heteranthera) type leaves. Found It!! Info Aquatic, Wetland and Invasive Plant; University of Florida, Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants. Hydrocharis morsus-ranae (European frog-bit). Non-Native in the U.S. This plant does not occur in Florida. However it is becoming invasive in parts of the far northern central U.S.

Rushes:
Juncus effusus (soft-stem rush) 6/19/97
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 5/21/97
Scirpus validus (soft-stem bulrush)

Sedges:
Carex crinita (sedge)
Carex intumescens (sedge)
Carex laxiflora (sedge)
Carex lurida (sallow sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/29/97
Carex stipata (sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge) 4/29/97
Carex vulpinoidea (sack sedge)
Cyperus sp. (umbrella sedge)
Dulichium arundinaceum (three-way sedge)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark-green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush) 7/23/97
Scirpus validus (soft-stem bulrush) 7/23/97

Grasses:
Alopecurus sp. (foxtail grass)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Calamagrostis canadensis (blue-joint grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)
Elytrigia repens (quack grass)
Festuca elatior (fowl meadow grass)
Glyceria canadensis (rattlesnake grass)
Glyceria striata (mannagrass)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cutgrass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass) 5/21/97
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass) 5/21/97
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem grass)
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)
Zizania aquatica (wild rice) 8/24/94

Ferns and fern allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Equisetum sylvaticum (wood horsetail) 5/21/97
Lycopodium clavatum (staghorn clubmoss)
Lycopodium digitatum (ground cedar clubmoss)
Lycopodium obscurum (ground pine clubmoss)
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Athyrium filix-femina f. rubella (red-stiped lady fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris intermedia (fancy woodfern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern) 5/21/97
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)

Others:
Cladonia cristatella (British soldiers)
Lecobryum albidum (moss)

spreading globeflower (Trollius laxus laxus) is supposed to be here also