GLOVERS POND PRESERVE
Warren County, NJ
115 acres


Directions:

The northern neighbor is the Presbyterian Camp and Conference Center, whose southern property boundary abuts the new Preserve.

US 80 west; exit 19; Rt. 517 n; left onto Main Street (Route 612) to Johnsonburg; left onto Rt. 519 (Hope-Johnsonburg Road); left onto Southtown Road. Drive 1.2 miles (bearing left at a triangular plot of land) between a fork in the road and park along the road.


History:

About 1850, a mosquito infestation caused an outbreak of malaria in the Glovers Pond settlement area. Many people died. High concentrations of insect were found beneath and around a 65-foot marble cliff face, the geological byproduct of a fault that formed Jenny Jump Mountain during the Ice Age.

Near Glovers Pond are remnants of the late 19th century village of Southtown. The village thrived as a result of the silver and iron mining boom on nearby Jenny Jump Mountain. Remains of an old school building and house foundations echo the ghost town's heyday.

The Byram family owned and managed a successful dairy farm in the 1930s on the Glovers Pond property.

From the late 1960s until about 1970, the property was the site of Camp Weahqua -- a summer camp for diabetic children. It was owned and run by the Bongiovanni Family. The girls' cabin and a refreshment stand are still intact, as are several of the camp's trails.

Owned by the Nature Conservancy and its Blairstown-based nonprofit partner, Ridge and Valley Conservancy. Support came from a Green Acres grant, which the Nature Conservancy matched, and the Warren County Open Space Trust Fund.

Source of Info: Nature Conservancy, Winter 2000; pp 1&5; info gathered from Ridge & Valley Conservancy president Bob Canace and local historian Debra Natyzak.)

"Ridge and Valley Conservancy and The Nature Conservancy have once again combined to protect a vital parcel of land in the Ridge and Valley region. The two groups jointly acquired a 99-acre parcel of land that connects two former holdings by the groups, bringing the Glovers Pond Preserve to 214 acres in Frelinghuysen and Allamuchy Townships. The acquisition was pursued actively for three years by the conservancies, who sought to join the preserve to form a swath of habitats ranging from forested floodplain along pristine Bear Creek, to rich meadow marsh, to spring-fed wetlands at the base of a limestone ridge, to limestone forest upland containing fen wetlands. The diversity of the terrain in the preserve allows it to support a variety of important plants and animals and protect Bear Creek, recently designated Category 1 waters by the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, the highest water classification by law.

"The land was purchased from Diomedes LLC, owners of the other two parcels acquired earlier. The tract is primarily forested. A barred owl was observed inhabiting the upland forest and rare amphibians and reptiles breed and thrive in fertile marshy depressions in the broad floodplain of Bear Creek. The site hosts part of the ghost town known as South Town, as former mining community inhabited by miners who worked the mines near Jenny Jump Mountain. An abandoned township road traverses the site, along with there are the remains of crumbling stone house and school foundations providing evidence of the former town. The road will host a hiking trail to give the public access to the site. The site adjoins the Presbyterian Camp and Conference Center, which hosts Glovers Pond. Glovers Pond is an important State Natural Heritage Site, boasting a rare plant community associated with the adjoining limestone fen or marsh. The Camp is under a stewardship agreement with The Nature Conservancy. RVC and TNC hope to bring the camp under permanent protection as the next phase in expanding on the Glovers Pond Preserve."

Source: "Glovers Pond Preserve Expanded" Ridge and Valley Conservancy: http://www.rvclandtrust.org/article.cfm?ID=75

 


Habitats:

limestone fen, limestone outcrops, fairly mature woodland, old farm fields, freshwater wetlands (within the flood plain of Bear Creek), a pristine trout stream (at the southern end of the Preserve), marsh, a small sinkhole pond.

Safeguards critically imperiled longtail salamander (Eurycea longicauda longicauda). Other animals include the pileated woodpecker and great horned owl.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula pumila (swamp birch) -- mentioned by Karl Anderson
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Catalpa sp. (catalpa)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash) 5/03/00
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Ostrya virginiana (hop hornbeam)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Prunus virginiana (choke cherry) 5/09/00
Pyrus sp. (crab apple) 5/03/00
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Salix sp. (willow in the swamp)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) 5/03/00
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Cornus alternifolia (alternate leaved dogwood)
Cornus racemosa (gray stem dogwood)
Corylus americana (American hazel)
Elaeagnus umbellata (Autumn olive) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (dewberry?) 5/09/00
Sambucus racemosa (red-berried elder) 5/03/00
Staphylea trifolia (bladdernut)
Vaccinium corymbosum (high bush blueberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Vaccinium stamineum? (deerberry?)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (downy arrowhead viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 5/03/00 soon 5/09/00
Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Dioscorea villosa (wild yamroot)
Menispermum canadense (moonbeam)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis sp. (grape vine)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Actaea alba (doll's eyes) 5/09/00
Agrimonia sp. (agrimony)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/03/00
Allium tricoccum (ramps)
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Aquilegia canadensis (columbine) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Arabis laevigata (smooth rock cress) 5/03/00
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack in the pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asarum canadense (wild ginger) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Caltha palustris (marsh marigold)
Cardamine concatenata (cut-leaved toothwort) 5/03/00
Cardamine pensylvanica (Pennsylvania bittercress) 5/09/00
Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)
Cerastium arvense (field chickweed) 5/09/00
Chelidonium majus (celandine) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Chelone sp. (turtlehead)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade)
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm)
Conopholis americana (squawroot)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane)
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium sp. (wild licorice type)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Geum sp. (avens)
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny day lily)
Hepatica americana (round-leaved hepatica)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Iris sp. (iris)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 5/09/00
Medeola virginiana (cucumber root)
Mitella diphylla (mitrewort) 5/09/00 lots
Nymphaea odorata (fragrant white water lily)
Osmorhiza claytonii (sweet cicely)
Pedicularis canadensis (wood betony)
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple) 5/09/00
Polygonatum biflorum (smooth true Solomon's seal)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal) 5/09/00
Polygonum virginianum (Virginia knotweed)
Potamogeton crispus (pondweed)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil)
Prenanthes sp. (lettuce)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf crowfoot) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Ranunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup) 5/03/00
Ranunculus hispidus var. nitida (swamp buttercup) 5/09/00
Ranunculus recurvatus (hooked crowfoot) 5/09/00
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Sagittaria sp. (arrowhead)
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)
Saxifraga virginiensis (early saxifrage) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Senecio obovatus (round-leaved ragwort) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Silene latifolia (white campion) 5/09/00
Stellaria media (common chickweed) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue)
Trifolium pratense (red clover )
Trillium erectum (probably) (red trillium)
Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cat tail)
Utricularia intermedia (flat-leaved bladderwort) -- mentioned by Karl Anderson
Uvularia perfoliata (perfoliate bellwort)
Veratrum viride (swamp hellebore)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Veronica arvense (corn speedwell) 5/09/00
Viola cucullata (marsh blue violet) 5/09/00
Viola pubescens (yellow forest violet) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 5/03/00 5/09/00
Zizia aurea (golden Alexander) 5/03/00 soon 5/09/00
(orchid) (round leaved, not hairy beneath)

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 5/03/00
Carex laxiflora type (sedge)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 5/03/00

Grasses:
Dactylis glomeratus (orchard grass)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky blue grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Adiantum pedatum (maidenhair fern)
Asplenium rhizophyllum (walking fern)
Asplenium trichomanes (maidenhair spleenwort)
Athyrium filix-femina (northern lady fern)
Botrychium sp. (grape fern)
Cystopteris fragilis (fragile fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)
(bladder spleenwort)

Others:
Chara sp. (alga)