Bear Swamp Wildlife Management Area
Hampton & Frankford Townships, Sussex County, NJ
 2,040.03 acres


Directions:

51 miles from Hastings-on-Hudson
0 from US Route 80, take exit 34B Rt. 15N
5 miles exit for Weldon Road
7 miles exit for Sparta
12 miles freeway ends
14 Lafayette
15 pass by Route 94
18 route switches to 206, keeping going straight
20 Branchville
21 left turn onto Route 633, near 5 Star Diner (on the right)

(For maps see: www.state.nj.us/dep/fgw/wmaland.htm)

There are at least five parking areas from which you can start an investigation. These are located along Rt. 633 and Rt. 521, going clockwise (almost always turning or bearing right). The first one is about 1.5 miles from the left turn onto Route 633. It is an abandoned house with accompanying abandoned quonset hut. There are huge fields here covered with lots of tall grasses (and lots of ticks). There is also a nice size old farm pond on the property. I did not investigate beyond this small area. I did not see any apparent hiking trails.

I did not stop at the second parking lot.

The third stop was about 5 miles from the turn-off from Rt. 206. There are no apparent hiking trails here. I tried bush-whacking but found it near impossible and had to turn back. However, there is a very interesting bowl-shaped area very close to the parking area where there is a small marsh and sedge-savanna, plus some very dry areas. A Carex specialist would have a blast here.

The fourth stop is 6 miles from the turn-off. It is less than a 15 minute walk through a dry oak woods area to a big field. Continuing onward one quickly comes to a terrific old farm pond (recently created by the looks of the still-standing drowned trees). There is a little tussock sedge perimeter and some interesting water species.

The fifth area, a stop 7 miles from the turn-off, also goes through an oak woods, but then down to a wet area with swampy vegetation. I found rattlesnake plantain amidst the rock and boulder area after passing over the small creek and heading to the adjacent swampy area.

A note of caution: it is tick city out there where there are few trails. My dog and I had scads of them on us. So be watchful and use a lot of tick spray.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Amelanchier sp. (shadbush)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Catalpa sp. (catalpa) 6/24/96
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus malus (apple tree)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Salix nigra (black willow?)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Comptonia peregrina (sweetfern)
Corylus americana (hazel)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lyonia ligustrina (maleberry) 6/24/96
Rhus sp. (sumac)
Rosa virginiana (Virginia rose) 6/24/96 downward curving thorns; sticky pl; winged victory
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus flagellaris (swamp dewberry) 6/24/96
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry) 6/24/96
Syringa japonica (Japanese tree lilac)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum dentatum v. dentatum (smooth arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum lentago (sweet viburnum) in fruit

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis sp. (grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 6/24/96
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Allium vineale (field garlic) 6/24/96 soon
Apocynum medium (intermediate dogbane) 6/24/96 fls w/ pink stripes 6/24/96
Arabis glabra (tower mustard) 6/24/96
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) 6/24/96
Asparagus officinale (asparagus) 6/24/96
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress)
Bidens spp. (beggar-ticks)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) 6/24/96
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed)
Ceratophyllum demersum (coontail)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 6/24/96
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 6/24/96
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 6/24/96
Desmodium paniculatum (panicled tick trefoil)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 6/24/96
Erigeron annuus (common fleabane) 6/24/96
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Eupatorium sp. (joe-pye-weed)
Galium mollugo (wild madder) 6/24/96
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium palustris (marsh bedstraw) 6/24/96
Goodyera pubescens (rattlesnake plantain)
Helianthemum canadense (frostweed) 6/24/96
Hieracium spp. (hawkweed) 6/24/96
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake hawkweed) 6/24/96
Hypericum mutilum (dwarf St. Johnswort)
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass) 6/24/96
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Iris sp. (blue or yellow flag)
Krigia biflora (two-flowered Cynthia) 6/24/96
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort) 6/24/96
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Lobelia spicata (spiked lobelia) 6/24/96
Lycopus sp. (bugleweed)
Lycopus americanus (water horehound)
Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife) 6/24/96
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Malva sp.? 6/24/96 with very cut lvs
Matricaria matricarioides (pineapple weed) 6/24/96
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 6/24/96
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) 6/24/96
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Nymphaea odorata v. odorata (fragrant white water lily) 6/24/96
Nuphar sp. (yellow pond lily) 6/24/96
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel) 6/24/96
Penstemmon digitalis (white beardtongue) 6/24/96
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 6/24/96
Plantago major (common plantain) 6/24/96
Podophyllum peltatum (mayapple)
Polygonum arifolium (halberd-leaved tearthumb)
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb)
Polygonum spp. (knotweed)
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 6/24/96 hairy 7-leaved cinquefoil
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 6/24/96
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 6/24/96
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup) 6/24/96
Ranunculus hispidus var. caricetorium (swamp buttercup)
Rudbeckia hirta v. pulcherrima (black eyed Susan) 6/24/96
Rumex acetosella (field sorrel)
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Scrophularia lanceolata (hare figwort) 6/24/96 undev stamen green, dev one yellow
Silene latifolia (white campion) 6/24/96
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 6/24/96
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (stout blue-eyed grass) 6/24/96
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Sparganium sp. (burreed) 6/24/96
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush)
Spirodela sp. (spirodela)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 6/24/96
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trientalis borealis (starflower)
Trifolium aureum (yellow clover) 6/24/96
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 6/24/96
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/24/96
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Veratrum viride (swamp hellebore)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein) 6/24/96
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) 6/24/96
Veronica sp. (speedwell)
Vicia cracca (one-sided purple vetch) 6/24/96
Viola cucullata (marsh blue violet)

Rushes:
Juncus canadensis (Canada rush?)
Juncus effusus (soft-stemmed rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (woodrush)

Sedges:
Carex intumescens (sack sedge)
Carex laxiflora (sack sedge)
Carex scoparia (sack sedge)
Carex stricta tussock (sack sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea v. annectans (sack sedge) bract surpassing infl
Carex vulpinoidea (sack sedge)
Eleocharis sp. (spikerush)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Brachyelytrum erectum (long-awned woodgrass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Festuca rubra (red fescue grass) 6/24/96
Glyceria striata (mannagrass)
Holcus lanatus (velvet grass)
Lolium perenne (English rye grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)
Poa compressa (Canadian bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Dryopteris sp. (woodfern)
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Lycopodium lucidulum (shinning clubmoss)
Lycopodium obscurum (ground pine)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)

Others:
Cladonia cristatella (British soldiers)