WEBB'S MILL BOG CEDAR SWAMP in GREENWOOD WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA

(Warning:  Stay on the boardwalk or else you may sink knee deep in peat and water!)


Directions:

New Jersey Turnpike

Exit 11 pick up Garden State Parkway

Exit 74 take route 614 northwest

it goes into Route 530

turn left (south) on Cherry Road

turn left onto Route 539

Turn north at the intersection of Routes 72 and 539 in Ocean County. Drive 6.2 miles from this point and park by the bridge that crosses Webb's Mill Branch. The boardwalk is visible from this point.

Garden State Parkway

Exit 67 pick up Route 72

right turn onto Route 539

Located on County 539 south of Whiting. From the intersection of County 539 and State 72, drive 6.2 miles north and park by the bridge that crosses Webb's Mill Branch. The boardwalk is on the opposite side of the road from the "Greenwood Wildlife Management Area" sign, a few yards toward State 72. Look carefully amid the vegetation at roadside for the steps leading down into the swamp area.

located in the northern area of this 27,298-acre wildlife management area in Ocean County.

A boardwalk and trail will take you over a Pine Barrens bog that supports a variety of plants, including rare curly grass ferns, sundews, and pitcher plants. The area is part of a cedar swamp that had been cleared and is in the process of regeneration.


History (from the website "New Jersey Pinelands Visitor Facilities at a Glance"):

Like many colonial Pinelands industrial sites, the sawmill and tar kiln at Webb's Mill are only a memory. Zebulon Webb established a sawmill and village here in 1774. A tar kiln was later built; however, both were in ruins by 1839. Today the forest has reclaimed this industrial complex and it is now part of the 16,333 acre Greenwood Forest/Pasadena tract. Remnants of the old charcoal pit, the dam, mill pond, and sand roads are still visible to the careful observer.

Currently, New Jersey Division of Fish, Game, and Wildlife oversees the Greenwood Forest Management Area that includes Webb's Mill.

The Pine Barrens tree frogs may be heard.

Webb's Mill is a fen (this is ground water showing).  


Webb's Mill

Forge and furnace towns have retained their normal identities through such colorful appellations as Mary Ann Forge, Hanover Furnace and Hampton. Gate. Sawmill towns of long ago were similarly identified as Lower Mill, Upper Mill, Little Pine Mill or Webb Mill. 175

Beck, Henry Charlton. 1983. 1936 original Forgotten Towns of Southern New Jersey. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.


PLANT LIST:

Karl Anderson


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic white cedar)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Quercus marilandica (black jack oak)
Rubus cuneifolius (sand dewberry) 6/6/98
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)

Shrubs:
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry)
Chamaedaphne calyculata (leatherleaf)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Gaylussacia dumosa (dwarf huckleberry) 6/6/98
Gaylussacia frondosa (dangleberry)
Hudsonia ericoides (golden heather)
Ilex glabra (inkberry) 6/6/98
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel) 6/6/98
Lyonia mariana (staggerbush) 6/6/98
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Quercus ilicifolia (scrub oak)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry) 6/6/98 7/07/01
Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry) 7/07/01

Herbs:
Arethusa bulbosa (arethusa) 6/6/87
Calopogon tuberosa (grass pink orchid) 6/6/98
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 6/6/98
Drosera filiformis (threadleaf sundew) 7/07/01
Drosera intermedia (spatulate sundew)
Drosera rotundifolia (roundleaf sundew) 6/6/98
Eriocaulon compressum (flattened pipewort)  7/07/01
Eupatorium pilosum (rough thoroughwort)
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 6/6/98
Hypochoeris radicata (cat's ear) 6/6/98 7/07/01
Leiophyllum buxifolium (sand myrtle) 7/07/01
Lophiola aurea (gold crest) -- looks like white pussy willows 7/07/01
Narthecium americanum (bog asphodel) grass-like stuff 7/07/01
Nymphaea odorata (fragrant white water lily) 6/6/98 7/07/01
Orontium aquaticum (goldenclub or neverwet)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 6/6/98
Pogonia ophioglossoides (rose Pogonia) light pink 6/6/98 7/07/01
Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant) 6/6/98
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort) sticks straight up, leaves hugging stem
Utricularia cornuta (horned bladderwort) 6/6/98 7/07/01
Utricularia fibrosa (fibrous bladderwort) 6/6/98 7/07/01
Utricularia subulata (zig-zag bladderwort) 6/6/98
Xerophyllum asphodeloides (turkey beard)

Rushes:
Juncus pelocarpus var. (brown-fruited rush)
Juncus tenuis var. tenuis (path rush)

Sedges:
Bulbostylis capillaris (densetuft hairsedge)
Carex exilis (coastal sedge)
Carex striata (Walter's sedge)
Cyperus dentatus (toothed flatsedge)
Dulichium arundinaceum (three-way sedge)
Eleocharis tuberculosas (spikerush) found by Bill Olson on 12/13/97 field trip.
Rhynchospora alba (white beaksedge)
Rhynchospora fusca (brown beaksedge)
Rhynchospora pallida (pale beaksedge)

Grasses:
Andropogon virginicus var. abbreviatus (bushy beard grass)
Eragrostis curvula (African love grass)
Panicum virgatum (switch panic grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Lycopodium alopecuroides (foxtail clubmoss)
Lycopodium appressum (southern clubmoss)
Lycopodium carolinianum (Carolina clubmoss)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Schizaea pusilla (curly grass fern)

Other:
Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum moss)