Great Bay Wildlife Management Area
Great Bay Blvd.
Tuckerton, Township of Little Egg Harbor, Tuckerton, Ocean County
4,845 acres


Directions:

Garden State Parkway South to Exit 58.Turn left on Route 539. Approximately four miles turn right on Route 9 in town of Tuckerton. Make right on Great Bay Boulevard and follow for about two miles, just over bridge.

Great Bay WMA lies within the Jacques Cousteau National Estuarine Research Reserve.

(For maps see: www.state.nj.us/dep/fgw/wmaland.htm)


History:

Lying in a salt marsh south of Great Bay Boulevard is the famous nine-feet high/80 foot long Tuckerton Shell Mound consisting of hard shell clam and oyster shells thrown there by the native Americans in the area. (Miller, 2000:25)

1840  -- the Fish Factory located on the 100-acre Clam Island in Little Egg Harbor Bay (now called Fish Island). 

1980  --  the fish industry forced to close because of contamination.  Fish Island is now part of the Great Bay Refuge.


Habitats:

beach


PLANT LIST:
Linda Kelly, Great Bay Boulevard, Great Bay W.M.A., 7/26/02
* = blooming on 7/26/02


Trees:
Albizia julibrissin (silk tree) *
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)

Shrubs:
Baccharis halimifolia (groundsel bush)
Iva frutescens (marsh elder)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)

Vines:
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed) *
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) *
Strophostyles helvula (annual woolly bean)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) *
Amaranthus sp. (amaranth)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)
Aster pilosus (aster)
Atriplex patula (orach or spearscale)
Cakile edentula (sea rocket) *
Chenopodium album (lamb's quarters)
Cirsium horridulum (yellow thistle)
Datura stramonium (jimsonweed)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) *
Eupatorium hyssopifolium (hyssop-leaved boneset) *
Hibiscus moscheutos (swamp rose mallow) *
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) *
Hypochaeris radicans (cat's ear) *
Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce)
Lathyrus latifolius (everlasting pea) *
Lechea maritima ?
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper)
Limonium carolinianum (sea lavender) *
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose) *
Petrorhagia prolifera (childing pink) *
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) *
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding smartweed) *
Salicornia bigelovii (dwarf glasswort)
Salicornia europaea (European glasswort)
Salicornia virginica (Virginia glasswort)
Solidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod )
Spergularia sp. (spurrey)
Suaeda sp. (seablite)
Tephrosia virginiana (goat's rue)
Teucrium canadense (American germander) *
Trifolium arvense (rabbit foot clover) *
Trifolium repens (white clover) *
Xanthium spinosum (spiny clotbur)

Rushes:
Juncus gerardii (black grass)

Sedges:
Carex kobomugi (sacksedge)
Cyperus sp. (flatsedge)
Scirpus pungens

Grasses:
Ammophila breviligulata (beach grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Distichlis spicata (spike grass)
Echinochloa sp. (barnyard grass)
Eleusine indica (zipper grass)
Leptoloma cognatum (fall witch grass)
Panicum scoparium (velvet panicgrass)
Panicum sphaerocarpon (spherical-fruited panicgrass)
Panicum virgatum (switch panicgrass)
Phragmites australis (common reed grass)
Setaria faberi (nodding foxtail grass)
Spartina alterniflora (salt marsh hay cordgrass)
Spartina patens (salt meadow cordgrass)
Triplasis purpurea (purple sand grass)
Zostera marina (eelgrass)