DOUBLE TROUBLE STATE PARK
Lacey Township, Ocean County, NJ


Directions:

From the North; New Jersey Turnpike; Exit 11 to get onto Garden State Parkway; Exit 80 get off and then turn left (south) onto Double Trouble Road (Rt. 619)

Double Trouble is just east of Lebanon S.F., Pasadena W.M.A., and Greenwood Forest W.M.A.


History:

When the irrigation ditches were dug for the cranberry bogs of Double Trouble, large Native American fish net-sinkers were found. (Miller, 2000:30)

Anthony Sharp--an Irish Quaker, a woolen merchant, and one of the East Jersey Proprietors--was the property's original owner.

after 1765  --  Thomas Potter (land owner in the Good Luck area) built a saw mill on Cedar Creek west of Forked River. A sawmill and lumber industry were here from the 1700s into the early 1900s. They took the surrounding Atlantic white cedar swamp for timber. Cranberry was then planted as the timber was removed.

1777  -- Thomas Potter leaves the mill to his nephew Enoch Potter.

1809 -- Samuel Rogers operate a jug tavern on Good Luck Road located opposite the entrance to the Double Trouble Saw Mill. (Miller 2000:199)

1832 -- the heirs of Anthony Sharp sold the land to William Giberson, a sea captain. Double Trouble's first cranberry bog was built during the Giberson family's ownership.

1863 -- Ralph B. Gowdy starts cranberry bogs on the site of the Double Trouble sawmill. (Miller 2000:306)  In the Civil War, Gowdy was commissioned a captain to raise a company of 100 Ocean County volunteers.

1904  --  Edward Crabbe became Double Trouble's new owner.

1909 --  the entire area became the Double Trouble (cranberry) Company.

1910-1925  -- Under Crabbe's leadership, the lumbering business was gradually phased out and 225 acres of cranberry vines were planted between 1910 and 1925.

1964 --  the state purchased the operation from the Crabbe family, leasing some of the bogs for cultivation to maintain them in operating condition.

Story about the name origin. Attributed the name to Thomas Potter, who supposedly uttered the word double trouble after spring rains twice washed out the dam. Another legend points to local muskrats, which caused frequent leaks by gnawing at the dam. When a leak was discovered, women would yell, "here's trouble," and the workmen would rush to repair the leak. One day, two breaks were discovered and one workman heard the owner shout, "Here's double trouble."

Once the site of a booming nineteenth century lumbering operation, today Double Trouble features an historic district, a 1 1/2 mile nature trail, and productive cranberry bogs.

Water from Cedar Creek that flows eastward through Old Mill Pond Bog to Barnegat Bay and the ocean continues to be essential to cranberry farming at this site.

Today the Jersey Devil Cranberry Company leases several bogs near the village and is in the process of renovating them. Visitors are welcome to view the cranberry operation including the annual fall water harvest.

The Double Trouble Histroric District is located on an area of high ground between two great bogs, the Gowdy Bog to the east and Old Mill Pond Bog, now dry, to the west. Within the district are the remains of many of the structures of the cranberry village. You can't go inside these buildings, but the state hopes to restore them eventually.

The cranberry sorting and packing house was in operation from 1909 to 1916. There are three cranberry separators, which were used to help with manual sorting of the cranberries. The berries, scooped by hand, were taken to the lower floor of the sorting house.


Ferrago (Bamber) Forge

located on Bamber Lake, on the middle branch of Cedar Creek, about four miles below Dover and eight miles northwest of Forked River. 200 yard north of the present dam.

1752 -- John Lacey was known as the "Quaker General," born in Bucks County Pennsylvania of English Quaker descent.

1775 -- enlists in the American army, first as a captain in Anthony Wayne's Regiment; then become Brigadier General of Pennsylvania militia; patrolled the country around Philadelphia where General How was occupying the city.

1778 -- surprised by a raiding party sent out by Gen. Howe to capture Lacey. Lacey and his men fight their way out, but took 35 casualties.

1779 -- chosen a member of the Executive Committee of the State.

1781 -- marries Anastatia Reynolds, daughter of Col. Thomas Reynolds, of New Mills (now Pemberton), Burlington County, NJ.

1811 -- General John Lacey and his son, John R. Lacey, build the Bamber Forge. Built a road to Forked River, known as Lacey Road. The village was called Ferrago Village, then Bamber, then Cedar Crest.

1814 -- Gen. John Lacey dies.

1815 -- Thomas R. Lacey offers the works for sale.

The land and forge go to Eliza Smith, Catherine Darlington, and Jane C. Hough, daughters of John Lacey.

1824 -- Eliza Smith and her husband renounce all interests.

1830 -- the sisters and their husbands sell the works to Charles Stewart. Joseph Yarnall made manager.

1843 -- ownership passes to Ruben Rockwell of Vermont. Had to start importing iron ore from the Fishkill region on the Hudson River. It was made into water pipes and pig iron and sent back to New York.

1859 -- William Hurry of New York buys the place.

1865 -- forge abandoned. Hurry renamed it Bamber, after the family name of his mother.

1929 -- mansion house still standing as of 1929.

Lacey Road originally ran from Forked River to Ferrago, a distance of about 8 miles, and thence to Hanover Furnace. It was laid out in 1810. Lacey owned an interest in the Hanover Furnace.

Beck, Henry Charlton. 1983. Forgotten Towns of Southern New Jersey. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.


Trails:

There is a 1.25 mile nature trail. A box contains copies of the trail guide. The trail takes thirty-minutes. If you visit in late September or early October, you can watch workers flood the bogs and harvest the cranberries.


PLANT LIST:
Karl Anderson


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Amelanchier canadensis (shadbush)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Catalpa bignonioides (common catalpa)
Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic white cedar)
Diospyros virginiana (persimmon)
Ilex opaca (American holly)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Magnolia virginiana (sweetbay magnolia)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Pinus echinata (shortleaf pine)
Pinus resinosa (red pine)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)
Populus deltoides (eastern cottonwood)
Populus grandidentata (big-toothed aspen)
Prunus maritima (beach plum)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus malus (apple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)
Quercus marilandica (blackjack oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus stellata (post oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Taxodium distichum (bald cypress)

Shrubs and Sub-shrubs:
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry)
Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
Calluna vulgaris (heather)
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush)
Chamaedaphne calyculata (leatherleaf)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern)
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus)
Erica tetralix (cross-leaved heather)
Eubotrys racemosa (fetterbush)
Gaultheria procumbens (wintergreen)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Gaylussacia dumosa (dwarf huckleberry)
Gaylussacia frondosa (dangleberry)
Hudsonia ericoides (golden heather)
Hypericum densiflorum (shrubby St. Johnswort)
Hypericum stans (St. Peterswort)
Hypericum stragulum (St. Andrew's cross)
Ilex glabra (inkberry)
Ilex laevigata (smooth winterberry)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Leiophyllum buxifolium (sand myrtle)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lyonia ligustrina (maleberry)
Lyonia mariana (staggerbush)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Myrica pensylvanica (common bayberry)
Quercus ilicifolia (scrub oak)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Rubus cuneifolius (sand blackberry)
Rubus flagellaris (northern dewberry)
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush)
Toxicodendron vernix (poison sumac)
Vaccinium atrococcum (black blueberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium macrocarpon (large cranberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)

Vines:
Cuscuta gronovii (dodder)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat)
Smilax glauca (sawbrier)
Smilax herbacea (carrion flower)
Smilax laurifolia (laurel-leaved greenbrier)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 9/20/97
Agalinis sp. (gerardia)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 9/20/97
Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arenaria caroliniana (pine barrens sandwort)
Aster linariifolius (stiff aster)
Aster nemoralis (bog aster)
Aster novi-belgii (New York aster) 9/20/97
Aster pilosus (heath aster) 9/20/97
Aster spectabilis (showy aster)
Baptisia tinctoria (wild indigo)
Bartonia paniculata (climbing bartonia)
Bartonia virginica (upright bartonia)
Brasenia schreberi (water shield)
Calopogon tuberosus (calopogon)
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed) 9/20/97
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)
Chenopodium album (pigweed) 9/20/97
Chrysopsis mariana (Maryland golden aster)
Comandra umbellata bastard toadflax)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 9/20/97
Conyza canadensis (horseweed) 9/20/97
Cypripedium acaule (pink lady's slipper)
Desmodium rotundifolium (prostrate tick-trefoil)
Diodea teres (buttonweed) 9/20/97
Drosera filiformis (thread-leaved sundew)
Drosera intermedia (spatulate-leaved sundew)
Drosera rotundifolia (round-leaved sundew)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort) 9/20/97
Erigeron canadensis (daisy fleabane)
Eriocaulon aquaticum (seven-angled pipewort)
Eriophorum virginicum (tawny cotton-grass)
Eupatorium album (white thoroughwort) 9/20/97
Eupatorium dubium (eastern Joe-Pye-weed) 9/20/97
Eupatorium hyssopifolium (hyssop-leaved thoroughwort) 9/20/97
Eupatorium pilosum (rough thoroughwort)
Eupatorium leucolepis (white-bracted thoroughwort) 9/20/97
Eupatorium resinosum (pine barrens boneset) 9/20/97
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)
Euphorbia ipecacuanhae (ipecac spurge)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Euthamia tenuifolia (slender-leaved goldenrod) 9/20/97
Gentiana autumnalis (pine barrens gentian)
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting) 9/20/97
Habenaria blephariglottis (white fringed orchid)
Hedyotis uniflora (clustered bluets)
Helianthemum canadense (frostweed)
Hieracium gronovii (hairy hawkweed)
Hieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed)
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake weed)
Hypericum canadense (Canada St. Johnswort)
Hypericum denticulatum (coppery St. Johnswort)
Hypericum gentianoides (pineweed)
Hypochoeris radicata (cat's ear) 9/20/97
Iris versicolor (larger blue flag)
Krigia virginica (dwarf dandelion)
Lachnanthes caroliniana (redroot)
Lechea sp. (pinweed)
Lepidium virginicum (peppergrass)
Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush-clover)
Liatris graminifolia (grass-leaved blazing star)
Lilium superbum (Turk's cap lily)
Linaria canadensis (blue toadflax)
Lobelia nuttallii (Nuttall's lobelia) 9/20/97
Ludwigia alternifolia (seedbox)
Lysimachia terrestris (swamp loosestrife)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 9/20/97
Melampyrum lineare (cow wheat)
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 9/20/97
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) 9/20/97
Nuphar variegata (spatterdock)
Nymphaea odorata (fragrant white water lily) 9/20/97
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose) 9/20/97
Oenothera laciniata (cut-leaved evening primrose)
Orontium aquaticum (golden club)
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel) 9/20/97
Oxypolis rigidior (cowbane)
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Plantago aristata (bracted plantain)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 9/20/97
Pogonia ophioglossoides (rose pogonia)
Polygala brevifolia (short-leaved milkwort)
Polygala cruciata (cross-leaved milkwort) 9/20/97
Polygala lutea (orange milkwort)
Polygonella articulata (coast jointweed) 9/20/97
Pontederia cordata (pickerelweed)
Potamogeton confervoides (alga-like pondweed)
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prenanthes autumnalis (pine barrens rattlesnake root)
Prenanthes trifoliolata (gall of the earth) 9/20/97
Proserpinaca pectinata (cut-leaved mermaid weed)
Proserpinaca palustris (mermaid weed)
Pyxidanthera barbulata (pyxie moss)
Rhexia virginica (Virginia meadow-beauty)
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel)
Sabatia difformis (lance leaved sabatia)
Sagittaria engelmanniana (Englemann's arrowhead)
Sagittaria latifolia (broad-leaved arrowhead)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet) 9/20/97
Sarracenia purpurea (pitcher plant)
Scleranthus annuus (knawel)
Scutellaria lateriflora (maddog skullcap) 9/20/97
Sisyrinchium sp. (blue-eyed grass)
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade) 9/20/97
Solidago canadensis (Canada goldenrod)
Solidago fistulosa (pine barrens goldenrod)
Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)
Solidago odora (sweet goldenrod) 9/20/97
Solidago puberula (downy goldenrod)
Solidago rugosa (rough-stemmed goldenrod) 9/20/97
Sparganium americanum (burreed)
Spergula arvensis (corn spurrey)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)
Tephrosia virginiana (goat's rue)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trifolium arvense (rabbit foot clover)
Trifolium campestre (low hop clover)
Trifolium pratense (red clover)
Trifolium repens (white clover) 9/20/97
Utricularia cornuta (horned bladderwort)
Utricularia fibrosa (fibrous bladderwort)
Utricularia subulata (zig-zag bladderwort)
Uvularia puberula (pine barrens bellwort)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain)
Viola lanceolata (lance-leaved violet)
Xerophyllum asphodeloides (turkeybeard)
Xyris difformis (yellow eyed grass)

Rushes:
Juncus biflorus (large grass-leaved rush)
Juncus canadensis (Canada rush)
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus militaris (bayonet rush)
Juncus pelocarpus (brown-fruited rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Sedges:
Carex albolutescens (greenish-white sedge)
Carex atlantica (sedge)
Carex lurida (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex striata (Walter's sedge)
Cladium mariscoides (twig rush)
Cyperus dentatus (toothed cyperus)
Cyperus grayi (Gray's cyperus)
Cyperus lupulinus (umbrella sedge)
Cyperus retrorsus (pine barrens cyperus)
Cyperus strigosus (false nut sedge)
Dulichium arundinaceum (three-way sedge)
Eleocharis flavescens (green spike-rush)
Eleocharis robbinsii (Robbin's spike-rush)
Eleocharis tenuis (slender spike-rush)
Eleocharis tuberculosa (tubercled spike-rush)
Rhynchospora alba (white beaked-rush)
Rhynchospora capitellata (clustered beaked-rush)
Rhynchospora fusca (brown beaked-rush)
Rhynchospora gracilenta (slender beaked-rush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)
Scirpus subterminalis (water clubrush)

Grasses:
Agrostis hyemalis (ticklegrass)
Aira praecox (early hairgrass)
Aira caryophyllea (silvery hairgrass)
Amphicarpum purshii (Prush's millet grass)
Andropogon virginicus var. abbreviatus (bush beardgrass)
Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus (broomsedge grass)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Aristida longespica (slender three-awn)
Danthonia spicata (common poverty oat-grass)
Deschampsia flexuosa (common hair-grass)
Digitaria ischaemum (smooth crabgrass)
Digitaria sanguinalis (hairy crabgrass)
Eragrostis curvula (weeping lovegrass)
Eragrostis spectabilis (purple lovegrass)
Festuca pratensis (meadow fescue)
Glyceria obtusa (blunt mannagrass)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cut grass)
Lolium perenne (perennial ryegrass)
Muhlenbergia frondosa (muhly grass)
Muhlenbergia schreberi (nimble will)
Muhlenbergia uniflora (late-flowering dropseed)
Muhlenbergia x curtisetosa (muhly grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer tongue panic grass)
Panicum lanuginosum (wooly panic grass)
Panicum spretum (Eaton's panic grass)
Panicum longifolium (long-leaved panic grass)
Panicum mattamuskeetense (Mattamuskeet panic grass)
Panicum verrucosum (warty panic grass)
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Paspalum setaceum (slender paspalum)
Phragmites australis (giant reedgrass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem grass)
Setaria faberi (nodding foxtail grass)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Sporobolus vaginiflorus (poverty grass)
Tridens flavus (purpletop grass)
Vulpia myuros (Rat's tail fescue)
Vulpia octoflora (six-weeks fescue)
Zizania aquatica (wild rice grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Lycopodium alopecuroides (foxtail clubmoss)
Lycopodium appressum (southern bog clubmoss)
Lycopodium digitatum (southern ground cedar)
Lycopodium obscurum (ground pine clubmoss)
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Schizaea pusilla (curly grass fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)
Thelypteris simulata (bog fern)
Woodwardia areolata (netted chain fern)
Woodwardia virginica (Virginia chain fern)


Cross-leaved Heath (Erica tetralix) found here.

Source:  Guy Tudor.  Now You See It, Now You Don't: A selected list of New York and New Jersey wildflowers and flowerings shrubs not covered in the standard regional guides. The Linnaean News Letter. Volume 59, Number 3, May 2005.