CARRANZA MEMORIAL
Wharton State Forest
This memorial is located on the Batona Trail.


History:

This is a monument to the memory of Captain Emilio Carranza, a Mexican aviator who crashed at this site on July 12, 1928 while returning from New York to Mexico. He was trying to complete a good will flight to the United States.

A 12 feet high pylon monument stands near the headwaters of Tulpehocken Creek. On one side is an Aztec falling eagle in relief. In Spanish is the dedication to "Captain Aviator Emilio Carranza, tragically killed July 13, 1928." (He actually was listed deceased on July 12th and recovered on July 13th. Post 11 holds the Memorial on the Saturday closest to July 12th at the same time Mexico holds a similar ceremony.)

Carranza, a great-nephew of President Venustiano Carranza of Mexico, was only 23 years old, a Mexican hero since he was 18 when he strafed Yaqui Indians in Sonora while helping to put down the de la Huerta rebellion. He crashed in Sonora and his face had to be put back in place with platinum screws. He was chosen to make a goodwill flight to Washington in response to a goodwill flight by Charles Lindbergh the previous December. He was honored by Secretary of Commerce Herbert Hoover and New York City Mayor Jimmy Walker. Returning to Mexico from Roosevelt Field, Long Island, Carranza ran into a thunderstorm over the Pine Barrens and crashed. (McPhee 1968:99-103)

Every year, on the Saturday nearest July 13, a ceremony is conducted at the site by members of the Mt. Holly Post, American Legion.