BRIGANTINE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE
Ocean County, NJ


History:

Brigantine refers to brigantine wrecked about 1710.


Wide expanses of salt marshland can be seen from the Garden State Parkway south of Exit 58 particularly where the highway crosses the Mullica River and Great Egg Harbor and then southward to Cape May.


Acalypha gracilens (slender three-seeded mercury)
Acer negundo (box elder maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Agrostis tenuis (bent grass)
Aira caryophyllea (silvery hair grass)
Aira praecox (early hair grass)
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Amelanchier canadensis (Canada shadbush)
Antennaria plantaginifolia (plantain-leaved pussytoes)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Apios americana (groundnut)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)
Arabidopsis thaliana (mouse-ear cress)
Arctium minus (common burdock)
Arenaria serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved sandwort)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack in the pulpit)
Aristida dichotoma (poverty grass)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed)
Aster novi-belgii (New York aster)
Aster paternus (toothed white-topped aster)
Aster pilosus (heath aster)
Baccharis halimifolia (groundsel bush)
Barbarea verna (early wintercress)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress)
Bartonia paniculata (twining bartonia)
Bidens coronata (tickseed sunflower)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Brasenia schreberi (water shield)
Bromus inermis (Hungarian brome grass)
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome grass)
Bromus tectorum (downy brome grass)
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)
Carex atlantica (Atlantic sedge)
Carex blanda (woodland sedge)
Carex collinsii (Collins' sedge)
Carex howei (Howe's sedge)
Carex lanuginosa (woolly sedge)
Carex lurida (sallow sedge)
Carex stipata (awl-fruited sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Carex swanii (swan's sedge)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Celtis occidentalis (American hackberry)
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed)
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)
Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic white cedar)
Chamaedaphne calyculata (leatherleaf)
Chasmanthium laxum (slender spike grass)
Chenopodium album (lamb's quarters)
Chenopodium ambrosioides (Mexican tea)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Chloris verticillata (windmill grass)
Chondrilla juncea (skeleton weed)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy)
Chrysopsis mariana (Maryland golden aster)
Cicuta maculata (water hemlock)
Cinna arundinacea (wood reed grass)
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)
Cladium mariscoides (twig rush)
Clematis terniflora (yam-leaved clematis)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower)
Conyza canadensis (horseweed)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Coronilla varia (crown vetch)
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Cyperus dentatus (toothed bulrush)
Bulrush grayii (Gray's bulrush)
Bulrush strigosus (straw-colored bulrush)
Cypripedium acaule (pink lady's slipper)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Danthonia spicata (common wild oat grass)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Decodon verticillatus (swamp loosestrife)
Desmodium ciliare (hairy small-leaved tick trefoil)
Dianthus armeria (deptford pink)
Digitaria ischaemum (small crab grass)
Digitaria sanquinalis (large crab grass)
Diodia teres (buttonweed)
Diospyros virginiana (persimmon)
Drosera intermedia (spatulate-leaved sundew)
Drosera rotundifolia (round-leaved sundew)
Dulichium arundinaceum (three-way sedge)
Echinochloa walteri (salt marsh cockspur grass)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Eleocharis tuberculosa (tubercled spike rush)
Elymus virginicus (Virginia wild rye grass)
Epilobium coloratum (purple-leaved willowherb)
Eragrostis curvula (weeping love grass)
Eragrostis pectinacea (combed love grass)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane)
Eriocaulon decangulare (ten-angled pipewort)
Eriophorum virginicum (tawny cotton grass)
Erodium cicutarium (storksbill)
Eubotrys racemosa (fetterbush)
Eupatorium album (white boneset)
Eupatorium hyssopifolium (hyssop-leaved boneset)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset)
Eupatorium pubescens (hairy boneset)
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)
Euphorbia maculata (milk purslane)
Euthamia tenuifolia (slender-leaved goldenrod)
Festuca elatior (meadow fescue)
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
Fuirena squarrosa (hairy fuirena)
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium obtusum (blunt bedstraw)
Gaultheria procumbens (teaberry)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Gaylussacia frondosa (dangleberry)
Geranium carolinianum (Carolina cranesbill)
Geum canadense (white avens)
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground)
Glyceria obtusa (blunt manna grass)
Glyceria striata (fowl meadow grass)
Gnaphalium obtusifolim sweet everlasting
Gratiola aurea (golden hedge hyssop)
Habenaria clavellata (green wood orchid)
Helianthemum canadense (long-branched frostweed)
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily)
Hibiscus moscheutos (swamp rose mallow)
Hieracium caespitosum (king devil hawkweed)
Hieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed)
Humulus lupulus (common hops)
Hydrocotyle umbellata umbellate (water pennywort)
Hypericum boreale (northern st. johnswort)
Hypericum canadense (Canada st. johnswort)
Hypericum gentianoides (orange grass)
Hypericum perforatum (common st. johnswort)
Hypericum punctatum (dotted st. johnswort)
Hypochaeris radicata (cat's ear)
Ilex glabra (inkberry)
Ilex laevigata (smooth winterberry)
Ilex opaca (American holly)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry)
Impatiens capensis (spotted touch-me-not)
Iris versicolor (blue flag iris)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Juncus canadensis (Canada rush)
Juncus dichotomus (forked rush)
Juncus effusus (common rush)
Juncus pelocarpus (brown-fruited rush)
Juncus tenuis (slender rush)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Krigia virginica (dwarf dandelion)
Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce)
Lechea racemulosa (oblong-fruited pinweed)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cut grass)
Lepidium campestre (cow cress)
Lepidium virginicum (peppergrass)
Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)
Lespedeza cuneata (silky bush clover)
Lespedeza repens creeping bus clover
Lespedeza striata (Japanese bush clover)
Ligustrum vulgare (common privet)
Lilium superbum (turk's cap lily)
Linaria canadensis (blue toadflax)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Linum striatum (ridged yellow flax)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Lolium perenne (perennial rye grass)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Ludwigia alternifolia (seedbox)
Lychnis coronaria (mullein pink)
Lycopodium appressum (southern clubmoss)
Lycopodium digitatum (southern ground cedar)
Lycopus americanus (cut-leaved water horehound)
Lycopus amplectans (sessile-leaved water horehound)
Lycopus uniflorus (northern bugleweed)
Lycopus virginicus (Virginia bugleweed)
Lysimachia terrestris (swamp loosestrife)
Magnolia virginiana (sweetbay magnolia)
Melampyrum lineare (cow wheat)
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover)
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)
Mikania scandens (climbing hempweed)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Mollugo verticillata (carpetweed)
Monotropa hypopithys (pinesap)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Muhlenbergia frondosa (leafy dropseed grass)
Muhlenbergia schreberi (nimblewill grass)
Myosotis stricta (scorpion grass)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Nuphar luteum (yellow pond lily)
Nymphaea odorata (white water lily)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Oenothera biennis (evening primrose)
Oenothera fruticosa (sundrops)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Ornithogallum umbellatum (star of Bethlehem)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)
Oxypolis rigidior (cowbane)
Panicum clandestinum (deertongue grass)
Panicum ensifolium (small-leaved panic grass)
Panicum lanuginosum (woolly panic grass)
Panicum microcarpon (small-fruited panic grass)
Panicum verrucosum (warty panic grass)
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Pinus echinata (shortleaf pine)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Pinus thunbergii (Japanese black pine)
Plantago aristata (bracted plantain)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky blue grass)
Polygala cruciata (cross-leaved milkwort)
Polygonatum biflorum (true Solomon's Seal)
Polygonella articulata (jointweed)
Polygonum arifolium (halberd-leaved tearthumb)
Polygonum punctatum (dotted smartweed)
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat)
Populus grandidentata (big toothed aspen)
Portulaca oleracea (purslane)
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil)
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prunus maritima (beach plum)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Ptilimnium capillaceum( mock bishop's weed)
Pycnanthemum muticum (short-toothed mountain mint)
Pyrus malus (apple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus falcata (Spanish oak)
Quercus ilicifolia (scrub oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus stellata (post oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Rhexia mariana (Maryland meadow beauty)
Rhexia virginica (Virginia meadow beauty)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Rhynchospora alba (white beakrush)
Rosa carolina (pasture rose)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rosa palustris (swamp rose)
Rosa rugosa (wrinkled rose)
Rubus alleghaniensis (common blackberry)
Rubus cuneifolius (sand blackberry)
Rubus flagellaris (dewberry)
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel)
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Sagittaria latifolia (broad-leaved arrowhead)
Salix nigra (black willow)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Sanicula gregaria (clustered snakeroot)
Saponaria officinalis (soapwort)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem grass)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)
Scirpus pungens (three-square bulrush)
Scirpus tabernaemontanii (great bulrush)
Setaria viridis (green foxtail grass)
Silene latifolia (white campion)
Sisyrinchium sp. (blue-eyed grass)
Smilax glauca (glaucous greenbrier)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade)
Solidago altissima (tall goldenrod)
Solidago erecta (slender goldenrod)
Solidago fistulosa (pine barrens goldenrod)
Solidago odora (sweet goldenrod)
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod)
Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)
Solidago rugosa (rough-stemmed goldenrod)
Solidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)
Sonchus asper (spiny-leaved sow thistle)
Spartina alterniflora (salt marsh hay cordgrass)
Spartina patens (salt-meadow cordgrasss)
Spartina pectinata (fresh water cordgrass)
Stellaria media (common chickweed)
Syringa vulgaris (lilac)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadow rue)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Toxicodendron vernix (poison sumac)
Tragopogon dubius (goat's beard)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh st. johnswort)
Trichostema dichotomum (blue curls)
Tridens flavus (purpletop grass)
Trifolium arvense (rabbit foot clover)
Trifolium campestre (low hop clover)
Trifolium dubium (least hop clover)
Trifolium repens (white clover)
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus' looking glass)
Triplasis purpurea (sand grass)
Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Utricularia fibrosa (fibrous bladderwort)
Vaccinium angustifolium (late low blueberry)
Vaccinium atrococcum (black highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium macrocarpon( large cranberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain)
Vernonia noveboracensis (New York ironweed)
Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum nudum (witherod viburnum)
Vicia angustifolia (narrow-leaved vetch)
Vicia cracca (cow vetch)
Vinca minor (periwinkle)
Viola lanceolata (lance-leaved violet)
Viola primulifolia (primrose-leaved violet)
Viola sp. (violet)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)
Vulpia myuros (rat's tail fescue grass)
Wisteria floribunda (Japanese wisteria)
Woodwardia areolata (netted chain fern)
Xyris caroliniana Carolina (yellow-eyed grass)
eelgrass