STATE LINE LOOKOUT

Bergen County, NJ


Directions:

Palisades Parkway to turn-off road, 2 miles north of Exit 2 (near Exit 3) -- road (Old 9W) leads to parking lots.

Or

from Route 9W, park at pull-over near Lamont Geological Observatory (just north of Parkway Exit 4) and walk along the wide road (Old 9W) to Lookout.


History:

Northwest section (Skunk Hollow) was a community of freee blacks from early 1800s to early 1900s. Located about a quarter-mile from the cliff edge. The community began about 1806 with a small group of mostly former slaves. They farmed here. They built their own church from the native timber and diabase rock. The population reached 75 at its peak in the latter half of the 19th century. It was abandoned in the early 1900s. There are stone walls, foundations, and cellar holes. (Serrao 1986:24)

The original lunch stand building and bridle paths completed in 1930s during the depression. (Serrao 1986:129)


Geology:

highest point on Palisades in New Jersey (530 feet); some sheer drops of about 300 feet.


Trails:

The Long Path (turgoise blazes) goes along the rock fence. The path goes into the woods. The trail descends considerably.


PLANT LIST:

July 18, 1992; Sponsor: Torrey Club; Leader: Bill Greiner ; and Dr. Patrick L. Cooney, August 28, 2001


Trees:
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven) lots
Betula lenta (black birch)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya sp. (hickory)
Celtis occidentalis (American hackberry)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Ostrya virginiana (eastern hop hornbeam)
Paulownia tomentosa (empress tree)
Picea sp. (spruce)
Populus grandidentata (big-toothed aspen)
Prunus persica (peach tree)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Aronia sp. (chokeberry)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Forsythia sp. (golden bells)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa carolina (Carolina rose)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus odoratus (purple flowering raspberry) 8/28/01waning
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry) -- ate lots of the berries
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Staphylea trifolia (bladdernut)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (hairy arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelain berry)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Hedera helix (English ivy)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolius (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort) 8/28/01
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 8/28/01
Antennaria sp. (pussy toes)
Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)
Aquilinum canadensis (columbine)
Arabis lyrata (lyre-leaved rockcress)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 8/28/01
Aster novi-belgii (New York aster) 8/28/01
Campanula rapunculoides (creeping bellflower)
Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)
Chenopodium album (lamb's quarters)
Cimicifuga racemosa (black snakeroot)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 8/28/01
Conyza canadensis (horseweed) 8/28/01
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 8/28/01
Desmodium paniculatum (panicled tick trefoil) 8/28/01
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 8/28/01
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pileweed) 8/28/01
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 8/28/01
Eupatorium purpureum (sweet-scented joe-pye-weed) 8/28/01
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot) 8/28/01
Euphorbia maculata (milk purslane) -- has a red spot in the middle of the leaf
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) 8/28/01
Geranium robertianum (herb Robert) 8/28/01
Geum canadense (white avens)
Hedeoma pulegioides (penny royal)
Helianthus divaricatus (woodland sunflower) 8/28/01 -- has almost joined opposite leaves
Hieracium sp. (hawkweed)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort)
Lepidium virginicum (poorman's pepper)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs) 8/28/01
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco) 8/28/01
Lunaria annua (honesty)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose) 8/28/01
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 8/28/01
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) 8/28/01
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 8/28/01
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 8/28/01
Polygonum virginianum (Virginia knotweed) 8/28/01
Portulaca oleracea (common purslane) 8/28/01
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil) 8/28/01
Potentilla (rough-fruited cinquefoil)
Potentilla recta (rough cinquefoil) 8/28/01
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal)
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet) 8/28/01
Scleranthus anuus (knawel)
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade)
Solidago bicolor (silverrod) 8/28/01
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod) 8/28/01
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod) 8/28/01
Solidago rugosa (rough-stemmed goldenrod) 8/28/01
Tanacetum vulgare (tansy) -- camphor smell of the leaves
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 8/28/01
Trifolium repens (white clover) 8/28/01
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 8/28/01 waning
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 8/28/01
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)
Viola sp. (violet)

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Cyperus filiculmis (sedge)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Grasses:
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Danthonia spicata (poverty grass)
Deschampsia flexuosa (hair grass)
Digitaria sp. (crab grass)
Eragrostis pectinacea (stink grass)
Eragrostis spectabilis (purple love grass)
Muhlenbergia schreberi (nimble will grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Panicum dichotomiflorum (panic grass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Setaria faberi (nodding foxtail grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Asplenium trichomanes (maidenhair spleenwort)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Pellaea atropurpurea (purple-stemmed cliffbrake)
Polypodium sp. (rock cap fern)

Others:
Bolutinus -- a huge mushroom
Cinnabar Chantrelle mushroom Cantherellus minor or Cinaborenis minor
Lactaruiis hydrophroides -- gives milk when bruised