FOREST VIEW

PALISADES, BERGEN COUNTY, NJ


Directions:

There is a pull-off along the Palisades Parkway. Can walk to the Women's monument from here and then down the cliffs.

or Shore Trail, north from Alpine Boat Basin or south from New York State line.

Formerly the site of fishermen's homes and farmland.

Park became a major recreational center with ball field, picnic areas, camping, boat basin, etc. It was reached by ferry from Yonkers in the summertime. Abandoned after the Hudson River became polluted following World War II.

On the cliffs is the stone castle of the New Jersey State Federation of Women's Clubs. It was built at the cliff edge in 1929 to commemorate the New Jersey Federation of Women's Clubs which were the impetus behind the formation of the PIPC (Palisades Interstate Park Commission) in 1900.

There is an stand of white birch where the base is shaded by the cliffs.


History:

The Hudson River has been the birthplace of many of our conservation dreams. It is a river that has been "fretted over" because it had such a high concentration of educated, concerned and rich citizens on its banks (historian Roger Panetta in PBS film on the Hudson River with Bill Moyers as narrator).

1890s -- there was extensive quarrying of the Palisades for the rock to be used for pavement in New York City and elsewhere. In New York State a rallying point for conservation (after Niagara Falls as number one) was the saving of the Palisades. (Dunwell 1991:143)

1895 -- New York and New Jersey tried to get the federal government to make the Palisades into a military reservation and national park.

1897 -- With no effective response, the New Jersey State Federation of Women's Clubs met in Englewood to devise a conservation plan, saying "This famous Hudson River scenery which the citizens of New Jersey hold in trust for all the world will eventually become a thing of the past to their lasting shame and disgrace." The women sponsored a yacht trip up the Hudson River to witness the blasting away of Palisade rock. The women sent a delegation to meet with New Jersey Governor Foster Voorhies to consider the idea of a joint New York-New Jersey plan to save the Palisades. About the same time, Andrew H. Green of New York was talking to Governor Theodore Roosevelt about a similar plan.

1900 -- The end result was the Palisades Interstate Park Commission (PIPC). The proper legislation was passed in this year.

But progress was slow. So the women turned to J. P. Morgan, the emperor of Wall Street, who had an estate on the Hudson River. Morgan bought the offending quarry to close it down. John D. Rockefeller at Kykuit bought more land to protect it from the quarriers. William Osborne of Castle Rock on the Hudson was related to J. P. Morgan through the fact that both men were married to one of the Sturgis sisters. Osborn also became an early advocate of conservation.

Morgan did not ask for assistance from E. H. Harriman.  Morgan had been in a business dispute with Harriman.  To win the dispute, Morgan felt Harriman had stooped to trickery using "the devices of lawyers and technicalities" to win. Morgan's own son-in-law said that Morgan developed from this "a prejudice against Harriman that kept him in later years from cooperating with him when it might have been better had he done so."  (Quotes from Klein 2000:65)  But Harriman still added to the cause of land protection with his gift of Bear Mountain to the public.


Trails:

From the Long Path's intersection of the blue-and-white rectangle trail to the Bergen Council Boy Scouts' Camp Alpine, the Long Path reaches a clearing with the stone castle. From here the hiker and take the blue-and-white trail descending to the river. From the stone castle the Long Path heads north to the State Line Lookout.


FOREST VIEW, PALISADES, BERGEN COUNTY, NEW JERSEY, MAY 5, 1997.

The chilly morning was cloudy with blustery winds, while the afternoon was a little more sunny. The group of plant enthusiasts toured four different habitats. The first habitat was the old Burnett estate with many horticultural plantings. Walking through this area the group found Amelanchier arborea in bloom. The second habitat visited was the diabase traprock ridge. Among the plants in bloom were Cornus florida (bracts displayed), Silene caroliniana, Viola sagittata and V. sororia.

The group spent the majority of the time in the third habitat: wooded talus slope. In bloom here were Anemonella thalictroides, Aquilegia canadensis, Arabis laevigata, Erythronium americanum, Geranium maculatum and G. robertianum, Ranunculus abortivus, Sambucus racemosa (a large number of them), Saxifraga virginiensis, Thalictrum dioicum, Uvularia perfoliata, and Viola blanda. An interesting plant not in bloom was Rubus odoratus.

The fourth habitat was the river edge where Spartina alterniflora and Phragmites australis are common. Down by the river's edge, the plants are shaded by the Palisades and the cooler climate permits the growth of Betula papyrifera. The invasive species of Alliaria petiolata, Lonicera japonica, and Rosa multiflora dominate along the shore path. A horticultural escape was Deutzia scabra. An interesting species in bloom was Ribes rotundifolium. Total attendence was seven. The leader was Nancy Slowik of Greenbrook Sanctuary.


7/31/04.  Short trip hiking north toward Forestview from the Alpine Boat Basin. Participants were Patrick and Rosemary Cooney and Phyllis and Orland Rodriguez.


PLANT LIST:
Nancy Slowik

dates = dates plants found in bloom.


Trees:
Acer negundo (box elder)
Acer japonica (Japanese maple)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Betula lenta (black birch) 4/29/00
Betula papyrifera (white birch)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Celtis occidentalis (American hackberry)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/04/97
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash) 4/29/00
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Paulownia tomentosa (princess tree)
Picea abies (Norway spruce)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Populus alba (white poplar)
Prunus avium (sweet cherry) 4/29/00
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus malus (apple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak) 4/29/00
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Salix sp. (willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras) 5/04/97
Taxus sp. (American yew)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Shrubs:
Alvaradoa amorphoides (Mexican species, in here or extirpated?)
Amorpha fruticosa (false indigo)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) 5/04/97
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaved dogwood)
Deutzia scabra (deutzia)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Forsythia sp. (golden bells)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush) 4/29/00 soon
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle)
Lonicera xylosteum c. e. (European fly honeysuckle)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Pachysandra terminalis (pachysandra)
Philadelphus sp. (mock orange)
Pieris sp. (andromeda)
Rhododendron maximum (rosebay rhododendron)
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pinkster flower)
Rhododendron sp. (rhododendron)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Ribes rotundifolium (Appalachian gooseberry) 4/29/00
Rosa carolina (Carolina rose)
Rosa eglanteria? (sweet briar rose)?
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus allegheniensis (common blackberry)
Rubus laciniatus (cut-leaved blackberry)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus odoratus (purple-flowering raspberry) 7/31/04
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Sambucus racemosa (red elderberry) 5/04/97
Staphylea trifolia (bladder nut)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry) 4/29/00 soon
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)
Vinca minor (periwinkle)

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelain berry)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Clematis terniflora (yam-leaved clematis)
Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed)
Dioscorea villosa (wild yam root)
Hedera helix (English ivy)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) 7/31/04
Menispermum canadense (moonseed)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort)
Vitis sp. (grape)
Wisteria floribunda (Japanese wisteria) 4/29/00

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Actaea alba (doll's eyes)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 4/29/00 5/04/97 7/31/04
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Antennaria plantaginifolia (plantain-leaved pussytoes) 5/04/97
Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine) 4/29/00soon 5/04/97
Arabidopsis thaliana (mouse ear cress) 4/29/00
Arabis laevigata (smooth rockcress) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Arabis lyrata (lyrate-leaved rockcress)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla) 4/29/00soon
Arctium minus (common burdock) 7/31/04
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit) 5/04/97
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asarum canadense (wild ginger) 4/29/00
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aster cordifolius (heart-leaved aster)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Aster macrophyllus (large-leaved aster)
Aster simplex (panicled aster)
Aster undulatus (wavy-leaved aster)
Atriplex patula (spearscale)
Barbarea vulgaris (common winter cress) 5/04/97
Bidens bipinnata (Spanish needles) 7/31/04
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse ear chickweed) 4/29/00 7/31/04
Chenopodium album (pigweed)
Chenopodium ambrosioides (Mexican tea)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade)
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 7/31/04
Conopholis americana (squawroot)
Convallaria majalis (lily of the valley)
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort)
Daucus carota (wild carrot)
Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick trefoil) 7/31/04
Desmodium paniculatum (panicled tick trefoil)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 7/31/04
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine orchid)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane)
Erythronium americanum (trout lily) 5/04/97
Eupatorium purpureum (sweet Joe-Pye-weed) 7/31/04
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge)
Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry) 4/29/00
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium sp. (bedstraw)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Geranium robertianum (herb Robert) 4/29/00 5/04/97 7/31/04
Geum canadense (white avens) 7/31/04
Helianthus divaricatus (woodland sunflower) 7/31/04
Helianthus strumosus (pale-leaved sunflower) 7/31/04
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny day lily)
Hibiscus moscheutos (swamp rose mallow)
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake hawkweed)
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow stargrass)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) 7/31/04
Impatiens pallida (pale jewelweed) 7/31/04
Iris pseudacorus (yellow flag iris)
Lamium purpureum (purple dead nettle) 4/29/00
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort) 7/31/04
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs) 7/31/04
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Malva neglecta (common mallow)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 7/31/04
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover)
Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved umbrellawort)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Myosotis micrantha (scorpion grass forget-me-not) 4/29/00
Nepeta cataria (catnip) 7/31/04
Oenothera fruticosa (common evening primrose)
Orobanche uniflora (one-flowered cancerroot)
Osmorhiza claytonii (sweet cicely)
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 4/29/00 7/31/04
Pedicularis canadensis (wood betony)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) 7/31/04
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 7/31/04
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonatum biflorum (smooth Solomon's seal)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy Solomon's seal)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 7/31/04
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum persicaria (lady's thumb)
Polygonum virginianum (Virginia knotweed) 7/31/04
Populus grandidentata (large-toothed aspen)
Potentilla recta (sulphur cinquefoil)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prenanthes altissima (tall white lettuce)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 7/31/04
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf crowfoot) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Ranunculus hispidus (hispid buttercup)
Ranunculus recurvatus (hooked crowfoot)
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)
Sanicula marilandica (black snakeroot)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet) 7/31/04
Saxifraga virginiensis (early saxifrage) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Sicyos angulatus (one-seeded bur cucumber)
Silene caroliniana (wild pink) 5/04/97
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion)
Smilacina racemosa (Solomon's plume)
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle)
Solidago canadensis var. scabra (tall goldenrod)
Solidago bicolor (silverrod)
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod)
Solidago gigantea (late goldenrod)
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod)
Solidago puberula downy goldenrod
Solidago rugosa (rough-stemmed goldenrod)
Solidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)
Stellaria media (common chickweed) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Tanacetum vulgare (tansy) 7/31/04
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 4/29/00 5/04/97 7/31/04
Teucrium canadense (American germander)
Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Tragopogon pratensis (goat's beard)
Trifolium repens (white clover) 7/31/04
Uvularia perfoliata (perfoliate bellwort) 5/04/97
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 7/31/04
Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Veronica serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell) 5/04/97
Viola blanda (sweet white violet) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Viola pubescens (yellow forest violet) 4/29/00
Viola sagittata (arrow-head violet) 4/29/00 5/04/97
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 4/29/00 5/04/97

Rushes:
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 4/29/00 5/04/97

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora (woodland sedge) 4/29/00
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/29/00 5/04/97

Grasses:
Agrostis sp. (tickle grass)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) 4/29/00soon
Bromus tectorum? (downy brome grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Digitalis ischaemum (smooth crab grass)
Elymus canadensis (Canada wild rye grass)
Elymus hystrix (bottlebrush grass)
Elymus virginicus (wild rye grass)
Leersia virginica (white grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Panicum sp. (panic grass)
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Phragmites australis giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Setaria faberi (nodding foxtail grass)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Spartina alterniflora (salt marsh cordgrass)

Ferns:
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Athyrium filix-femina f. rubella (red-stiped lady fern)
Botrychium virginianum (rattlesnake fern)
Cystopteris fragilis (fragile fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris carthusiana (spinulose wood fern)
Dryopteris intermedia (fancy wood fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal wood fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Polypodium virginianum (common rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Woodsia ilvensis (rusty woodsia)


10/5/00 e-mail

The Palisades Nature Association, i.e. Nancy/Greenbrook, is having a meeting tonight at the Fort Lee Historic Park Auditorium featuring a lecture by Kathleen LoGiudic on Causes for the Decline of the Allegheny Wood Rat. Recall that Nancy mentioned this study during our hike down the Palisades in the spring. Sounds interesting from standpoint of habitat loss and consequent specie extirpation. If interested in attending I have directions.

Michael Saint John

Interesting talk last night in Fort Lee. Finding was that wood rats, which make their homes on talus slopes, are being killed by a parasite transferred in the scat of raccoons. The scat is harvested by the rats as a food source. With the population explosion of raccoons in the spreading suburbs, wood rats have become the end victim. The populations of wood rats in the southern mountains is fairly stable.

Michael Saint John