Flat Rock Brook Sanctuary
443 Van Nostrand Avenue, Englewood, Bergen County, New Jersey
75 acres


Directions:

From George Washington Bridge:
north on Rt. 9W; left (west) onto Palisade Avenue; left (south) onto Jones Road; left (east) onto Van Nostrand Avenue.


Description:

The area can be divided roughly into three parts. The southwestern part contains the interpretive center and garden. The pond here is known as Quarry Pond from the quarry that was here. (There is a 900 foot Quarry Boardwalk in front of the center.)

The center part, Allison Woods Park, is the biggest section, extending northwestward to Jones Road, where there is a picnic area. This area can be reached via the yellow trail, to an unmarked break heading north to Flat Rock Brook, or keeping on the yellow trail and walking along the southern shore of Flat Rock Brook to the picnic area.

From the eastern corner of the picnic area, the orange trail heads east to Macfadden's Pond, which in the most north easterly section of the park. Return to interpretive center from the pond via the yellow trail heading southwest, or continue on a small counter-circular walk on the orange trail which leads into the yellow/orange trail.


History:

The nucleus of the land given to the Park by the Trust of William Allison in 1927. Other land parcels purchased over the years in the late 1960s and early 1970s by Englewood.

The parking area was once a quarry.

In 1974 the nonprofit Flat Rock Brook Nature Association was established. It is named after the last remaining unchanneled natural waterway of significant size in the Englewood area.

In 1980 a solar-heated interpretive building was built.


Habitat:

Pond, brook, marsh, succession meadow, and woods.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer negundo (box elder)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Amelanchier sp. (shadbush)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula nigra (river birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya sp. (hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Cercis canadensis (redbud) 5/18/95
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/18/95
Fraxinus pensylvanica (red ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Populus deltoides cottonwood
Populus tremuloides (quacking aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba white oak
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Rhus sp. (sumac)
Salix sp. (willow)
Taxus sp. (yew)
Tilia americana (American linden)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Alnus sp. (alder)
Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Diervilla lonicera (bush honeysuckle) 5/18/95 soon
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus) 5/18/95
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle) 5/18/95
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Rhododendron sp. (white rhododendron) 5/18/95
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)
Vinca minor (periwinkle) 5/18/95

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)

Herbs:
Ajuga reptans (bugleweed) 5/18/95
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/18/95
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Aquilegia canadensis (columbine) 5/18/95
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit) 5/18/95
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Barbarea vulgaris (common winter cress) 5/18/95
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty) 5/18/95
Convallaria majalis (lily of the valley) 5/18/95
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Eupatorium sp. (joe-pye-weed)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/18/95
Hesperis matronalis (dame's rocket) 5/18/95
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 5/18/95
Mertensia virginica (Virginia bluebells)
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Opuntia humifusa (prickly-pear cactus)
Podophyllum peltatum (mayapple)
Polygonatum biflorum (true Solomon's seal) 5/18/95
Polygonum cuspidatum Japanese knotweed
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 5/18/95
Ranunculus abortivus (small-flowered crowfoot) 5/18/95
Ranunculus hispidus v caricetorium (swamp buttercup) 5/18/95
Rudbeckia hirta v. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)
Scilla sp. (squill) 5/18/95
Smilacina racemosa (Solomon's plume)
Solidago spp. (goldenrods)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 5/18/95
Typha angustifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Viola (confederate violets) 5/18/95
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 5/18/95

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Juncus sp. (rush)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum sp. (horsetail)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)