A. F. Bonsal Wildlife Preserve
Montclair, Essex County, NJ


PLANT LIST:
Joe Labriola 


Trees:
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Aesculus hippocastanum (horse chestnut)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn) 5/18/96
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Salix sp. (willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lonicera x bella (honeysuckle) 5/18/96
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle) 5/18/96
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 5/18/96

Vines:
Helix hedera (English ivy)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis sp. (grape)

Herbs:
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla) 5/18/96
Arisaema triphyllum (jack in the pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/18/96
Chelidonium majus (celandine) 5/18/96
Cicuta maculata (water hemlock)
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort)
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry) 5/18/96
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/18/96
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground) 5/18/96
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Lamium purpureum (purple dead nettle) 5/18/96
Lycopus sp. (water horehound)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 5/18/96
Nasturtium officinale (watercress)
Pachysandra sp. (pachysandra)
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy Solomon's seal) 5/18/96
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf buttercup) 5/18/96
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup) 5/18/96
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Scilla non-scripta (English scilla) 5/18/96
Smilacina racemosa (Solomon's plume) 5/18/96
Solidago sp. (goldenrod)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 5/18/96
Trifolium pratense (red clover)
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 5/18/96

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex sp. (sedge)

Grasses:
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvensis (field horsetail)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)


June 14, 2003 Morris Canal Park and Nature Preserve, Clifton, Passaic Co.
and Alonzo F. Bonsal Wildlife Preserve, Montclair, Essex Co., N.J.
Torrey Botanical Society trip. With Joe Labriola (leader).  Plant list by Dr. William F. Standaert.

Nomenclature follows Gleason & Cronquist (1991). Somewhat out of date, but widely used.
A few Kartesz equivalents given for clarification. Source: USDA NRCS PLANTS Database.
Common names from various sources: Kartesz (PLANTS), Karl Anderson's CHECKLIST (1999), etc.
var. ... = unspecified variety. (Vars. listed in Gleason & Cronquist do not match Kartesz's interpretation.)
F Flowering specimen(s) found. [C.] Cultivated or intentionally planted species.
Fr Fruiting specimen(s) found. [E.] Escaped from cultivation.

Trees:
Fr Acer platanoides [E.] Norway Maple common
Acer rubrum Red Maple some
Acer saccharinum Silver Maple few
im Fr Acer saccharum var. saccharum Sugar Maple some
Aesculus hippocastanum [E.] Horse Chestnut few saplings
Ailanthus altissima Tree of Heaven some
Albizia julibrissin [E.] Mimosa 1 seedling
past F Betula lenta Black Birch some
Betula populifolia Gray Birch few
Carpinus caroliniana var. virginiana Ironwood few
Carya cordiformis Bitternut Hickory few
Catalpa speciosa [E.] Northern Catalpa 2, one site
Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood few
Cryptomeria japonica [C.] Japanese Cedar [ID by Joe Labriola] 1 (Just outside Preserve)
Fagus grandifolia var. ... American Beech few
Fr Fraxinus americana White Ash common
Juglans nigra [C./E.] Black Walnut few
Juniperus virginiana var. ... Eastern Red-cedar 2
old Fr Liquidambar styraciflua Sweetgum few
F Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip-tree some
im Fr Morus alba [E.] White Mulberry some
im Fr Nyssa sylvatica var. sylvatica Sour Gum few
Pinus nigra [C.] Austrian Pine 1 (Just outside Preserve)
Pinus strobus [C.] White Pine 2
Prunus serotina Black Cherry some
im Fr Pyrus baccata [C./E.] Siberian Crabapple common
Quercus alba White Oak few
Quercus palustris Pin Oak common
Quercus prinus Chestnut Oak few
Quercus rubra Red Oak few
Quercus velutina Black Oak few
Robinia pseudoacacia [E.] Black Locust few
Salix babylonica [C./E.] Weeping Willow (hybrid) 1 young tree
Sassafras albidum Sassafras few
Tilia americana var. americana Basswood few
Ulmus americana American Elm some

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii [E.] Japanese Barberry few
near F Cornus racemosa [C./E.?] Northern Swamp Dogwood 1, near entrance
Euonymus alatus [E.] Winged Burning Bush 1
Hibiscus syriacus [E.] Rose of Sharon few, 1 area Shrubs, cont'd.
Ilex crenata [E.] Japanese Holly 2
Ligustrum sp. (obtusifolium?) [E.] Border Privet? 1
Lindera benzoin var. benzoin Spicebush some
im Fr Lonicera maackii [E.] Asiatic Honeysuckle 2
F(1) Lonicera morrowii [E.] Morrow's Honeysuckle common
- A few L. x bella [morrowii x tatarica] (Bell's Honeysuckle) seen here when in flower on previous trip.
F Rosa multiflora Multiflora Rose common
F Rubus hispidus Swamp Dewberry few patches
Rubus phoenicolasius Wine Raspberry few
Rubus sp. Blackberry few
Taxus baccata [E.] English Yew 1 seedling
im Fr Vaccinium pallidum Early Lowbush Blueberry few patches
F Vaccinium stamineum Deerberry 1 patch
near F Viburnum acerifolium Maple-leaved Viburnum few
Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum Northern Arrowwood 1
near F Viburnum plicatum [E.] Double-file Viburnum 1
Viburnum prunifolium Blackhaw few

Vines:
Calystegia sepium Hedge Bindweed few
Celastrus orbiculatus [E.] Oriental Bittersweet some
Hedera helix [E.] English Ivy 2 small patches
Humulus japonicus Japanese Hop 1 small patch
Lonicera japonica Japanese Honeysuckle some
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper some
Smilax rotundifolia Common Greenbrier few
Solanum dulcamara Bittersweet Nightshade few
Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans Poison Ivy some
Vitis labrusca Fox Grape few small patches

Herbs:
F,im Fr Alliaria petiolata Garlic Mustard common
near F Allium vineale Wild Garlic few
Aster divaricatus var. divaricatus White Wood Aster some
Bidens frondosa Beggarticks 2
F Chelidonium majus [E.] Celandine few
Cirsium arvense var. ... Canada Thistle 1 small patch
Cirsium vulgare Bull Thistle few
Collinsonia canadensis Horse Balm few
F Conium maculatum Poison Hemlock 1 tall plus some young plants
F Cryptotaenia canadensis Honewort some
F Duchesnea indica Indian Strawberry some
F Erigeron annuus Daisy Fleabane some
F Erigeron philadelphicus Philadelphia Fleabane some
Eupatorium fistulosum Hollow-stemmed Joe-Pye Weed 2, one site
Eupatorium rugosum var. rugosum White Snakeroot common
Eupatorium serotinum Late-flowering Thoroughwort 1
Geum canadense White Avens 2
F Glechoma hederacea [E.] Gill-over-the-ground some
Hypericum perforatum Common St. Johnswort few
Impatiens capensis Jewelweed common
Linaria vulgaris Butter and Eggs few
Lycopus virginicus Virginia Water Horehound some, 1 area
Lysimachia quadrifolia Whorled Loosestrife 1
Lythrum salicaria Purple Loosestrife few
Maianthemum canadense var. ... Canada Mayflower 1 patch
F Medicago lupulina Black Medick few Melilotus sp. Sweetclover (Check when in flower) 2
Phytolacca americana Pokeweed few
Pilea pumila var. pumila Clearweed some Herbs, cont'd.
Plantago major Common Plantain common
Podophyllum peltatum Mayapple 1 patch
Polygonatum pubescens Hairy Solomon's Seal few
F Polygonum cespitosum var. longisetum Cespitose Smartweed common
Polygonum cuspidatum Japanese Knotweed common
Polygonum virginianum Jumpseed common
F Potentilla simplex Common Cinquefoil few
im Fr Ranunculus abortivus var. ... Kidney-leaf Buttercup 2
F Ranunculus acris var. acris Tall Buttercup locally common
Ranunculus repens var. ... Creeping Buttercup 1 patch
F Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum Watercress 1 large patch
F Rumex crispus Curly Dock few
F,im Fr Rumex obtusifolius Broad-leaved Dock some
F Sisyrinchium angustifolium Narrowleaf Blue-eyed Grass few, 1 site
im Fr Smilacina racemosa False Solomon's Seal few
Solidago caesia Blue-stemmed Goldenrod few
Solidago canadensis var. scabra Canada Goldenrod some
Symplocarpus foetidus Skunk Cabbage few
Thalictrum pubescens Tall Meadow-rue 1
F,im Fr Thlaspi arvense Field Pennycress few, 1 site
F(1) Trifolium pratense Red Clover few
F Trifolium repens White Clover common
Verbascum thapsus Common Mullein 1
F Veronica arvensis Corn Speedwell some
F Veronica officinalis Common Speedwell some
Viola sororia Dooryard Violet some

Rushes:
near F Juncus tenuis var. tenuis Path Rush some
im Fr Luzula multiflora Common Woodrush 1 clump

Sedges:
F,im Fr Carex lurida Shallow Sedge 1 patch
F Carex rosea Rosy Sedge few clumps
near F Carex sp. (Laxiflora group) Loose-flowered Sedge few
F Carex vulpinoidea var. vulpinoidea Fox Sedge few
near F Scirpus atrovirens var. atrovirens Dark Green Bulrush few, 2 sites
[Or similar sp.--Kartesz]

Grasses:
im Fr Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet Vernal Grass 1
F Dactylis glomerata Orchard Grass common
near F Elytrigia repens Quackgrass few
near F Festuca elatior [Lolium arundinaceum--Kartesz] Tall Fescue few
near F Festuca pratensis Tall Fescue few
F Glyceria striata Fowl Mannagrass few patches
near F Holcus lanatus Velvetgrass few, 1 site
Leersia virginica Whitegrass some
Microstegium vimineum Japanese Stilt Grass common
Panicum clandestinum Deertongue few
Phragmites australis Common Reed some
F Poa compressa Canada Bluegrass common
near F Poa pratensis Kentucky Bluegrass common
F Poa trivialis Rough Bluegrass some tufts, one area

Ferns & fern allies:
Athyrium filix-femina var. michauxii Lady Fern few
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive Fern some
Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum Bracken 1 large patch


Montclair, Essex County, and Morris Canal Park Nature Preserve, Clifton, Passaic County, N.J. May 18, 1996.

On a mild (65 degrees) very overcast day, the attendees visited three parks/sanctuaries in the Clifton, New Jersey area. The first stop was the nine-acre Holy Face of Jesus Monastery. Father Hilary Conti spoke to the group about his efforts over the years to plant various trees. On the lawn three buttercups bloomed (Ranunculus abortivus, R. bulbosus, and R. repens), as well as two speedwells (Veronica arvensis and V. serpyllifolia), and the unusual grass Poa bulbosa. The cream violet (Viola striata) invited special praise and interest. Among the trees on the property were Alnus incana, Castanea mollissima, Fraxinus pensylvanica, Juglans nigra, Picea pungens, Pinus nigra, Rhamnus frangula, Sorbus aucuparia, and Tilia x europaea.

The next stop was the A. F. Bonsal Preserve, a twenty acre preserve primarily in Montclair, through which the Third River (Pearl Brook) runs. Passing through the woods and walking along the river, the group found in bloom Aralia nudicaulis, Barbarea vulgaris, Chelidonium majus, Fragaria virginiana, Geranium maculatum, Glechoma hederacea, Lamium purpureum, Maianthemum canadense, Polygonatum pubescens, Ranunculus abortivus and R. acris, Scilla non-scripta, and Smilacina racemosa.

The only tree in bloom was a hawthorn species. Other trees and shrubs here included Acer saccharinum, Aesculus hippocastanum, Carpinus caroliniana, Gleditsia triacanthos, Lindera benzoin, Liquidambar styraciflua, Nyssa sylvatica, Quercus palustris, Salix discolor, Tilia americana, and Ulmus americana. There were a number of shrubs in bloom including Lonicera morrowii, Lonicera x bella, and Viburnum prunifolium.

The final stop was the Morris Canal Park, a five-acre area along the old Morris Canal. Among the herbaceous species in bloom were Raphanus raphanistrum, Senecio vulgaris, and Vinca minor. Among the trees were Acer negundo, Celtis occidentalis, and Fraxinus pensylvanica. A shrub in bloom was Cornus amomum accompanied by the non-blooming Cornus racemosa.
The total number of participants was eight. The trip leader was Joe Labriola.


MORRIS CANAL PARK AND PRESERVE, CLIFTON, PASSAIC COUNTY AND THE A. F. BONSAL NATURE PRESERVE, ESSEX COUNTY, MONTCLAIR, ESSEX COUNTY, June 14, 2003.
On an overcast day a small group of amateur botanists gathered to tour the Morris Canal Park and Preserve in Clifton, New Jersey. The trip leader covered a little of the history of the area. The old Morris Canal came down Broad Street. At that time the canal was 40 feet wide by 5 feet deep, but is now only 20 feet wide by from 1 to 2 feet deep. All the water in the canal is supplied by rain and runoff. This was first a Dutch area and then it was settled by the Germans (with a Lutheran church nearby). Twenty years ago the area was just a wooded lot. Then a business applied for a permit to construct an office building. Jack W. Kuepfer became active in saving the area. It was dedicated on May 17, 1987. In that year President Reagan honored Kuepfer for his preservation efforts. He was able to save about 400 feet of the old canal. The area is leased from P.S.E. & G. Utility for just $1 dollar per year. It is maintained by the Friends of Morris Canal and is a National Historical Landmark. The area was more natural at first, but over the years various groups have donated horticultural shrubs, trees, and herbs.

Shrubs in bloom included Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose) and R. rugosa (wrinkled rose), Sambucus canadensis (elderberry) and Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum). Trees in bloom included a Crataegus sp. (hawthorn). There were a number of Veronica species found in the park, including Veronica anagalis-aquatica (water speedwell), V. arvensis (corn speedwell), V. polita, V. peregrina (purslane speedwell), and V. persica (bird's eye speedwell).

After lunch on some picnic tables in the park, the group went farther south down Broad Street to the A. F. Bonsal Wildlife Preserve. The double-file viburnum (Viburnum plicatum) was in bloom, as well as deerberry (Vaccinium stamineum). But the absolute prize find of the park and of the day was the blooming poison hemlock (Conium maculatum) which most of the attendees had never seen previously. One of the species was over seven feet high. Another unexpectedly tall species was watercress (Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum), also in bloom.

Total attendance was 8. Attendees included Patrick and Rosemary Cooney, Lauren Christie, Auggie Matzdorf, Sarah-David Rosenbaum, and Bill and Eleanor Standaert. The trip leader was Joe Labriola.