Walpack Valley Environmental Education Center
Kittatinny Mountains, Sussex County, NJ

(For maps see: www.state.nj.us/dep/fgw/wmaland.htm)


The center, which is sponsored by the Eatontown, N.J., Board of Education, caters to elementary and intermediate school students. Programs vary in length from 1 1/2 to 5 days. They combine classroom activities with chores necessitated by group living. For more information, write to: Walpack Valley Environmental Education Center, P.O. Box 134, Walpack Center, NJ 07881.


BUTTERMILK FALLS
SUSSEX COUNTY, NJ


Directions:

From U.S. 206 turn south on Strobel Road, which is 0.3 mile past the Stokes State Forest office. Travel 4 miles to Brink Road, make a right. Go another mile pas the parking areas for Tillman Ravine to an intersection near a cemetery. Make a left here on Mountain Road (dirt, with potholes) and travel exactly 2 miles to Buttermilk Falls. Immediately opposite the falls is a parking area; leave your car here. (During the winter Strobel Road is closed. An alternate route is to turn off US 206 at Tuttle's Croner on County Route 521, then take County 615 to Wallpack Center, now abandoned. A left turn here will lead to the intersection with Mountain Road near the cemetery mentioned above; a right turn will lead to the parking area.)

north: Tillman Ravine
south: Crater Lake and Long Pine Pond, then Catfish Pond


History:

There was a mill with an overshot wheel at the foot of Buttermilk Falls. 

1906 photo -- shows the overshot waterwheel that powered the adjacent mill at Buttermilk Falls.   (The mill and waterwheel are long gone.)

(Source: 2003. Wayne T. McCabe. Images of America: Sussex County. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Press.)


Trails:

Buttermilk Falls Trail

The blue-blazed Buttermilk Falls Trail. This is a beautiful, though very steep, trail. The trail winds around and through small ridges and valleys and, after about 1.25 miles, terminates just a few hundred yards to the southwest of Buttermilk Falls.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer pensylvanicum (goose-foot maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/12/97
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Ostrya virginiana (hop hornbeam)
Pyrus malus (apple tree)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Shrubs:
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaved dogwood)
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle)
Rhododendron maximum (rosebay rhododendron) 6/28/96
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry) 6/28/96
Viburnum sp. (viburnum) 6/28/96 soon
Vinca minor (periwinkle) 5/12/97

Vines:
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis sp. (grape vine)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium yarrow 6/28/96
Agrimonia sp. (agrimony)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/12/97
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) 6/28/96
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/12/97
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 6/28/96
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 6/28/96
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 6/28/96
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort) 6/28/96
Cardamine diphylla (toothwort) 5/12/97
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 6/28/96
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine orchid)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 6/28/96
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny day lily) 6/28/96
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Iris sp. (iris)
Lilium lancifolium (tiger lily) 6/28/96 in fruit
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Penstemmon sp. (white beardtongue) 6/28/96
Podophyllum peltatum (mayapple)
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 6/28/96
Polypodium sp. (rock cap fern)
Potentilla sp. (cinquefoil) 6/28/96
Prenanthes sp. (lettuce)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaf dock)
Sedum sp. (garden sedum)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 5/12/97 6/28/96
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/28/96
Urtica sp. (tall nettle?) 6/28/96
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 5/12/97
Zizia aurea (golden Alexanders?) 6/28/96

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex laxiflora (sedge)
Carex annectans (sedge)
Carex stipata ? sack sedge

Grasses:
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Holcus lanatus (velvet grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Athyrium filix-femina f. rubella (red-stiped lady fern)
Athyrium thelypteroides (silvery glade fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris sp. (wood fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)