MOUNT TAMMANY
Delaware River National Recreation Area, Warren County, NJ


Directions:

US 80 west to the second parking lot just before exit 1 for the Kittatinny Point Information Station of the Delaware River N.R.A.


Geology:

This mountain is at the southern end of the New Jersey Kittatinny Mountains. (This mountain chain is called the Shawangunks in New York and the Blue Mountain in Pennsylvania.) From here you can see the Delaware Gap and over into Pennsylvania. Great views.

From the top of the Indian Head formation (at about 1200 feet above the river) the hiker can look across to the continuing ridge in PA and southwest along the valley to Scotts Mountain near Phillipsburg, NJ down to Washington. Sometimes one can see for 40 miles -- all the way to Glen Gardner in Hunterdon County, NJ.


History:

Tammany refers to Chief Tamenend.

1683 (June 23): William Penn and Delaware Chief Tamenend signed a peace treaty in Shackamoxon, Pennsylvania. Tamenend renown for his honor, was also called Tammany. (Tammany societies were named in his honor.)  The treaty gave William Penn a large portion of land.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple) 5/7/97
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush) 5/7/97
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lutea (black birch)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya sp. (hickory)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/7/97
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Shrubs and Sub-shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Berberis vulgaris (common barberry) 5/7/97 soon to bloom
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus)
Gaultheria procumbens (teaberry)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Hydrangea paniculata (panicled hydrangea)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Rhododendron maximum (rosebay rhododendron)
Ribes sp. (garden currant)
Ribes cynosbati (prickly gooseberry)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus alleghaniensis (blackberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry) 5/7/97
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple leaf viburnum)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Smilax sp. (greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)

Herbs:
Actaea alba (doll's eyes)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/7/97
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Arabis laevigata (smooth rockcress) 5/7/97
Arabis lyrata (lyre-leaved rockcress) 5/7/97
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arisaema triphyllum jack in the pulpit
Artemesia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/7/97
Cardamine pensylvanica (Pennsylvania bittercress) 5/7/97
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground) 5/7/97
Hedyotis caerulea (bluets) 5/7/97
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake weed)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Mitella diphylla (mitrewort) 5/7/97
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal) 5/7/97 soon
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 5/7/97
Prenanthes altissima (tall white lettuce)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf crowfoot) 5/7/97
Saxifraga virginiensis (early saxifrage) 5/7/97
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 5/7/97
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 5/7/97
Viola sp. (white violet) 5/7/97
chickweed 5/7/97

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 5/7/97
Luzula multiflora (woodrush) 5/7/97

Grasses:
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Polypodium sp. (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)