Teetertown Ravine Nature Preserve
Lebanon Township, Hunterdon County, NJ
302 acres


Directions:

you can enter on either end, so can enter off Rt. 513 north of Califon. Left onto Maple Lane.
2.1 Mount Lebanon Road
Pleasant Grove Road (north)
4.8 turn right onto Hollow Brook Road
5.4 park
6.0 end

This park reminds me a lot of the one just south of it, Ken Lockwood gorge. But this one is even less of a flood plain -- more narrow. Very rocky stream and shaded. It would probably not be such a good place for spring flowers.

The parking areas are terrible. There are two I think and these could hold maybe two cars each.


History:

1768 – German immigrant Asher Mott decided to sell his share of the family property along the Hollow Brook or Mill Creek to his older brothers, John and Gershom.

1800 – Robert Emley bought the mill and 30 acres.

The mill became the business and social center of a village that included six residences and a sawmill, located downstream.

1814 – German immigrant John Teeter, local resident for over 30 years, acquired the mill and property.

The hamlet was referred to as Teetertown after John Teeter. From this mill, Mr. Teeter was able to produce oil, flour, and grist. This area was extremely productive because evidence of a lime kiln and an iron forge have been located nearby.

1820-1881 – the mill was extensively remodeled and turned over to Mr. Teeter’s son-in-law Samuel Dorland.

1881 – the Dorland family operated and maintained the mill this date.

late 1800s -- rocky quarry in the vicinity. Boring holes for blasting caps can be found in some of the rock blocks. A concrete loading ramp from the operations can also be located nearby.

1908 – Philip Sliker purchased the mill, constructed a new miller’s residence, and began to process flour under the brand name of "Teetertown Buckwheat Flour".

1918 – Mr. Sliker retired and closed the mill.

Noted residents who lived in this area included Herbert Isenburger, inventor of the industrial x-ray machine, who used this invention to test stress and wear in airplanes, submarines, power plants, and automobiles and Merv Griffin, former talk show host and casino owner, who lived in the house that was built by John Teeter until the early 1970's. Teeter's house and mill still exist as a private residence.

The Teeter mill went through a series of owners.

The mill was left neglected for decades.

1999 -- the County acquires the property. An adjoining property, now called Mountain Farm Section, also purchased, raising the total acreage to 302. The additional property adds large fields and two ponds to the diversity of the park. In 1818 a stone farmhouse was built in the Mountain Farm Section by the Lantz Family (now spelled, Lance) and operated by the family until the late 1920’s. The property was then operated as a religious retreat center by the Watchtower Bible Society, until County acquisition.

2001 – the craftsmen of Homestead Heritage dismantled the Teeter mill and restored it in its new location in central Texas.


Sources:

 http://www.co.hunterdon.nj.us/depts/parks/guides/Teetertown.htm)

Heritage Restorations: Historic Barns, Cabins, Mills & Homes. http://www.heritagebarns.com/gristmill.html


Trails:

From the park pamphlet:

The trails at the preserve are open to hiking, biking, horseback-riding, and cross-country skiing. The preserve's 147 acres were acquired to protect one of the most significant natural areas in Hunterdon County.

The main trails in the preserve are designated with colored diamonds which have been painted on trees throughout the park.

White -- The white trail is made up of the two old logging trails. It is also used to access the other trails in the park. The two ends of the trail are clearly defined with the park signs along Hollowbrook Road. Portions of this trail parallel a stream inside the preserve and many of the old rock walls built by early farmers. Most of the trail is clearly recognizable and is quite easy to hike, bike, or ride horses.

Red -- This trail starts on the right about 300 feet in from Hollowbrook Road on the upper logging trail (white). This trail winds through much of the upper portion of the preserve. About half-way the trail enters a field and the trail heads to the left. The trail parallels the woods until it re-enters them (again on the left). There is quite a lot of diversity in the kinds of plant-life found on this trail. Portions of the trail do contain steep hills.

Blue -- The upper portion of this trail can be accessed by taking the upper portion of the White trail followed by a small portion of the Red trail. The trail begins by crossing the stream found deep inside the preserve. It then proceeds inside a small ravine until it exits over the rock wall on the right. The trail then passes through a section of the preserve that contains much of the wildlife common to a swampy area. Watch out for poision ivy vines.

The end of the trail follows along the top of the ravine with a splendid view of the valley. The trail then turns left and proceeds down the hill until it meets up with the spring house road and follows it out to the right onto the field just off Teetertown Road. In order to get back into the park, follow the trail in reverse, or turn left onto Teetertown Road, and then left onto Hollowbrook Road. Follow Hollowbrook Road until you are back into the park (the park starts where the road is unpaved near the two stone bridges).


6/04/2005.  The day started out rainy, but cleared up.  Rosemary Cooney, Ceferino Santana, dog Sonar and I parked at the Mountain Farm parking area behind the barn.  The trail map the fellow gave us was quite confusing. We went back and forth a bit before we finally figured it out with a little trial and error.  We headed downhill via the Orchard Trail between the field on the left and the woods on the right.  The secret is to keep going along the woods edge with what looks like an electrified fence until the fence ends.  There is a little informal path that heads farther along the wood's edge.  We walked a short ways until we got to the wood's corner.  We looked down a path and saw the Blue Trail markers. 

We entered the woods and walked northeast on the Blue Trail crossing a small stream.  We soon reached the red trail, the red and white trail, and the white trail.  We turned right on the white trail.  A stream came up on our right.  We kept descending until we came to Hollowbrook Road.  We crossed it to see the brook close up. 

We returned to the road, turned right  and marched uphill to the red and white trail on the left.  We walked uphill back to that intersection of the blue, red, red and white, and white trails. From here we picked up the blue trail once again and it brought us back to the wood's corner.  Turned right and headed uphill to an asphalt road;  turned left and returned to the barn parking lot.  Dr. Patrick L. Cooney.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney

dates  =  plants booming on dates of field trips, 6/04/05, 7/04/97


Trees:
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch) 
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)  6/04/05
Ostrya virginiana (eastern hop hornbeam)
Picea abies (Norway spruce)
Pinus sp. (pine)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prunus avium (sweet cherry) 
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus malus (apple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Ulmus americana (American elm)
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Chimaphila maculata (striped wintergreen)
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaved dogwood)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)  6/04/05
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry) 7/04/97
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush)
Vaccinium angustifolium (low bush blueberry)
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry)  6/04/05
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)  6/04/05
Viburnum dentatum (hairy arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)
Wisteria sp. (wisteria)

Herbs:
Actaea alba (doll's eyes)  6/04/05
Achillea millefolium (common yarrow) 
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)  6/04/05
Allium sp. (garlic)
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone)  6/04/05
Apocynum sp. (dogbane)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla) 
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack in the pulpit)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Aster spp. (aster)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress)  6/04/05
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)  6/04/05
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 7/04/97
Cimicifuga racemosa (American bugbane)  6/04/05  7/04/97  lots of it
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)  6/04/05soon
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm)
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort) 7/04/97
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink)
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine orchid) 
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane)  6/04/05
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Eupatorium fistulosum (trumpetweed)
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Galanthus nevale (snow drops)  6/04/05
Galium aparine (cleavers)  6/04/05
Galium circaezens (wild licorice) 7/04/97
Galium lanceolatum (lance-leaved wild licorice)
Galium mollugo (wild madder)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)  6/04/05
Glechoma hederacea (gill-over-the-ground)  6/04/05
Hieracium caespitosum (field hawkweed)  6/04/05
Impatiens sp. (jewelweed)
Iris pseudacorus yellow flag)  6/04/05
Iris versicolor (blue flag)  6/04/05
Lamium purpureum (purple dead nettle)  6/04/05
Laportea canadensis (wood nettle)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)  6/04/05
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumberroot) 
Medicago lupulina (black medick)  6/04/05
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Osmorhiza claytonii (sweet cicely)  6/04/05
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)  6/04/05
Prenanthes altissima (tall white lettuce)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf crowfoot) 
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup)  6/04/05  lots
Ranunculus recurvatus (hooked buttercup)
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel)
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Silene latifolia (white campion)  6/04/05
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (blue star grass)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)  6/04/05
Smilax herbacea (carrion flower)
Solidago caesia (blue-stem goldenrod)
Solidago flexicaulis (zig-zag goldenrod)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)  6/04/05
Thalictrum dioicum (early meadowrue)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Tragopogon dubius (fistulous goatsbeard)  6/04/05
Trifolium pratense (red clover)  6/04/05
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/04/05
Uvularia perfoliata (perfoliate-leaved bellwort)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Veronica arvense (corn speedwell)
Viola sp. (violet)

Sedges:
Carex rosea (sedge)
Carex laxiflora type
Carex spp. (sedge)

Grasses:
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Bromus inermis (smooth brome grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (canary reed grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Athyrium thelypteroides (silvery glade fern)
Botrychium sp. (rattlesnake fern)  quite a bit of it
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal wood fern)
Polypodium appalachianum (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)