MUSCONETCONG RIVER, POINT MOUNTAIN SECTION
Penwell, Lebanon Township, Hunterdon County, NJ


Directions:

US 80
Exit 18 Route 517 south through Hackettstown.
turn right, and then immediately left onto Grand Avenue which is Rt. 629 south.
(The road is closed before Port Murray, so you have to:)
Past the state pheasant farm turn left onto Route 652 (Watters Road) and go downhill to a T-intersection.
Turn right onto Route 57 and go south.
Turn left at Port Murray road (Route 629) and go downhill to the Musconetcong River.
Cross over the bridge and park on the right in a either of a couple of pull-offs in the area.

Take Exit 19 off Route 80 heading south on Route 517. At 0.9 mile you pass Panther Valley Inn and at 3.8 miles you pass over where the Morris Canal crossed. You will pick up Route 629 south in the center of Hackettstown (it's almost like going straight under the sign that says Route 56) at 5.8 miles. You are actually going to go past the State Pheasant Farm and turn left onto Route 652 across from the Brookdale Farm (at 8.9 miles). You will cross another place where the Morris Canal crossed at 9.1 miles. You will turn right onto Route 56 west at 11.5 miles. At 13.0 miles you make a left just past the Mansville Elementary School. At 15 miles you will arrive at the spot, just over the bridge over the Musconetcong River.

No facilities.

The Point Mountain Section is on either side of the road, beginning right after crossing the river. Limited parking is available in pullouts on either side of Point Mountain Road. A good trail, marked with orange squares, currently runs along the river upstream of the bridge.


Geology:

Point Mountain  (early on known as Squire's Point) is part of the Musconetcong Mountain Range. Point Mountain is 935 feet high making it the fifth highest point in Hunterdon County. The name Point Mountain refers to the prominent crest in its formation.

The Musconetcong Watershed and its tributaries include townships from southern Warren, northern Hunterdon, southwestern Morris and southeastern Sussex Counties and drain an area of about 156 square miles. The watersheds include the Upper Musconetcong and the Lower Musconetcong. The municipal parks include Hackettstown Community Park, Hampton Borough Park and Lake Hopatcong Eves Mountain Inlet Sanctuary; county parks include Lake Hopatcong, Lee’s County Park, Mahlon Dickerson Reservation, and Point Mountain; the recreation areas inclue Lake Musconetcong, Lake Hopatcong, Mt Arlington Beach Access for residents only; state parks include Hopatcong State Park, Allamuchy Mountain State Park and Stephens State Park; and finally the Musconetcong Wildlife Management Area.

(Source: http://216.239.37.104/search?q=cache:C53oyhIhQC4J:www.upperdelaware.org/
Documents/tech_rep/recreation/Recreation.pdf+%22Hainesville+Wildlife+Management+Area%22&hl=en&ie=UTF-8)


History:

The name Musconetcong is from Moschakgeu, "clear," hannek, Ht,Wa "stream" and oak "Place."

1830's  --  Judge David P. Shrope constructed a stone house and barn here.  He named the area Penwell Mill for his mother, a descendant of the Penns of Pennsylvania. The barn was constructed with fine rubble masonry.  Brick “loop” ventilators permitted air flow for drying hay. Both the now public barn and the house (a private residence) can be seen from the Penwill Mill parking area.  (http://www.co.hunterdon.nj.us/depts/parks/guides/PointMountain.htm)

1995  --  Hunterdon County acquired the first tract of land.

2003 (April 17)  --  the 303-acre September Farm, LLC, property in Lebanon Township, Hunterdon County, was added to New Jersey's open space inventory. It is located southwest of the village of Anthony west of the road to Woodglen (Woodglen Road).  The property was preserved through the cooperative efforts of Hunterdon County, the New Jersey Water Supply Authority, Lebanon Township and the Green Acres Program.  Prior to 1970, the tract was the site of Boy Scout "Camp Watchung." It comprises a mix of open fields, deciduous and coniferous forested uplands, and approximately 4000 feet of forested corridor of the Spruce Run. The land will be managed by the Hunterdon County Parks System for passive recreation. Preservation of the property adds a key parcel to the County's Point Mountain Preserve. (Source: http://www.state.nj.us/dep/greenacres/feature2.htm)


Other Sites:

In Port Murray (205 Mt. Bethel Road) there is the Well-Sweep Herb Farm that sells one of the largest selections of herbs in the country. The herbs are exhibited in a garden setting, including 60 different lavenders and 80 varieties of thyme. Along with the herb garden, are medicinal, perennial, English cottage, rock, and vegetable gardens. (Scheller 1998:79-80)


Habitats:

forest, fields and streams


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney, Richard Mendelbaum, (and Torrey Botanical Society field trips participants, including John Medallis and Charlotte Newstead)


Trees:
Acer negundo (box elder maple)
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharinum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven) 7/05/97 blossoms on ground
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (grey birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/02/98
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn) 5/02/98 soon
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus nigra (black ash)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Ostrya virginiana (hop hornbeam)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Populus sp. (aspen)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus sp. (crab apple) 5/02/98
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Salix sp. (willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Chimaphila maculata (striped wintergreen)
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaved dogwood)
Corylus sp. (hazel)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) 5/02/98
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry) 5/02/98
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Prunus virginiana (choke cherry) 5/02/98
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pinxter flower) 4/25/98 5/02/98
Rhododendron sp. (azalea)
Rhus copallina (dwarf sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus odoratus (purple flowering raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Sambucus racemosa (red-berried elderberry) in fruit 5/02/98
Staphylea trifolia (bladdernut) 5/02/98
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry) 5/02/98
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry) 5/02/98
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum lentago (nannyberry viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 5/02/98

Vines:
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Dioscorea villosa (wild yam root) 7/05/97
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Sicyos angulatus (bur cucumber)
Smilax sp. (greenbrier)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 7/05/97
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis riparia (riverbank grape) ?

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Actaea alba (white baneberry)
Agrimonia sp. (agrimony)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 4/25/98 5/02/98
Allium canadense (wild onion)
Allium tricoccum (ramps) 4/25/98
Allium vineale (field garlic) 7/05/97 soon
Ambrosia trifida (giant ragweed)
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone) 5/02/98
Angelica atropurpurea (giant angelica)
Antennaria plantaginifolia (plantain-leaved pussytoes) 5/02/98
Anthriscus sylvestris (wild chervil) 5/02/98
Apocynum sp. (dogbane)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack in the pulpit)
Artemisia vulgare (common mugwort)
Asarum canadense (wild ginger)
Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 4/25/98 5/02/98
Bidens sp. (beggar ticks)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Brassica nigra (black mustard?)
Cardamine concatenata (cut-leaved toothwort) 4/25/98
Cardamine pratensis (cuckoo flower) 5/02/98
Chelone glabra (turtlehead)
Chenopodium album (lambs quarters)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (oxeye daisy)
Cimicifuga racemosa (black cohosh)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 7/05/97
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 7/05/97
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty) 4/25/98
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 7/05/97
Cunila origanoides (dittany)
Daucus carota (wild carrot)
Desmodium sp. (tick trefoil)
Duchesnea indica (false strawberry)
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 7/05/97
Erythronium americanum (trout lily) 4/25/98
Eupatorium rugosum (white snake root)
Floerkea proserpinaciodes (false mermaid) 5/02/98
Galinsoga sp. (gallant soldiers) 7/05/97
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geum laciniatum (rough avens) 7/05/97
Glechoma hederacea (gill-over-the-ground) 4/25/98 5/02/98
Goodyera pubescens (rattlesnake plantain)
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny daylily) 7/05/97
Hepatica americana (round-leaved hepatica)
Hesperis matronalis (dame's rocket) 7/05/97
Hydrophyllum virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)
Hypericum sp. (St. Johnswort)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) 7/05/97
Iris sp. (blue or yellow flag iris)
Laportea canadensis (wood nettle)
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort)
Lobelia siphilitica (great lobelia)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Lycopus sp. (bugleweed)
Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadensis (Canada mayflower)
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber root)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 7/05/97
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Monotropa hypopithys (pinesap)
Myosotis laxa (lesser forget-me-not) 7/05/97
Nasturtium officinale (watercress)
Ornithogalum umbellatum (Star of Bethlehem)
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 7/05/97
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) 7/05/97
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 7/05/97
Plantago major (common plantain)
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple) 5/02/98
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum arenastrum (dooryard knotweed) 7/05/97
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose knotweed) 7/05/97
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 5/02/98
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal)
Pyrola sp. (P. elliptica? - shinleaf)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup) 4/25/98 5/02/98
Ranunculus ficaria (lesser celandine) 4/25/98 only one found in bloom
Rorippa sylvestris (creeping yellow cress) 7/05/97
Rumex obtusifolius (broad leaved dock)
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)
Sanicle sp. (sanicle)
Sisymbrium altissimum (tumble mustard)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solidago sp. (goldenrod)
Stellaria media (chickweed)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 5/02/98 7/05/97
Thalictrum dioicum (early meadowrue)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 7/05/97
Trifolium repens (white clover) 7/05/97
Tussilago farfara (colt's foot)
Urtica dioica v. procera (tall stinging nettle)
Uvularia perfoliata (perfoliate-leaved bellwort)
Veratrum viride (false hellebore)
Veronica anagallis-aquatica (water speedwell) 7/05/97
Veronica hederifolia (ivy-leaved speedwell) 4/25/98 5/02/98
Viola blanda (northern white violet) 5/02/98
Viola cucullata (marsh blue violet) 5/02/98
Viola palmata (wood violet) 5/02/98
Viola pubescens (yellow forest violet) 5/02/98
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 5/02/98
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry) 5/02/98
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry) 5/02/98
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum lentago (nannyberry viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 5/02/98

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex stipata (sedge)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Grasses:
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)

Fern and Fern Allies:
Botrychium virginianum (rattlesnake grape fern)
Cystopteris fragilis (fragile fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Lycopodium spp. (princess pine, clubmoss)
Polypodium sp. (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)