LONG POND IRONWORKS STATE PARK
West Milford Township, Passaic County, NJ
175 acres


Directions:

(from Hastings-on-Hudson)
Go over the Tappan Zee Bridge
Take 287 west to exit 15A.

At the light turn left and go up Route 17N for a couple of miles or so until you see a tannish building on the right. Here there is a very small (too small) sign for Ringwood State Park. Turn/bear right. This puts you on Sterling Mine Road. Keep going straight, passing signs for Sterling Forest, and go past Ringwood State Forest.

Turn right onto Margaret King Avenue. This ends in a T-intersection. Turn right onto Greenwood Lake Turnpike (Rt. 511) and follow this. As you descend down a big hill you will see Monksville Reservoir at the bottom. Just before you cross the bridge over Monksville Reservoir you can enter the park either by taking a left or a right. Both spots are nice.


Geology:

Part of the New Jersey Highlands.


History (Iron Mine Trails by Edward J. Lenik):

Historical Markers says: Longpond Ironworks. Historic Village of Hewitt. Founded 1766; Peter Hasenclever; run by iron masters: Robert Erskine, Martin J. Ryerson, and Abram S. Hewitt. American Revolution, War of 1812. Blue dot trail nearby.
1766 -- Peter Hasenclever begins to build Long Pond
1768 -- furnace completed
The furnace here was considered superior to those at Ringwood and Charlotteburg because its elevation kept the iron "free from damps, etc." (Ransom 1966:78) The furnace was iron ore from the Good Hope mine at Ringwood. Its iron was transported 27 miles to Demarest Landing, Hackensack, NJ, a long and circuitous journey.
1767 -- Hasenclever succeeded as manager of American Company properties (Long Pond, Charlotteburg and Ringwood) by Jeston Humfray, in turn succeeded by John Jacob Faesch. The latter assisted by Robert Erskine.
1772 -- Erskine becomes the sole manager.
1780 -- Erskine dies.
next 20 years -- ironworks idle.
1796 -- works bought by John Travis.
1798 -- works sold to John Old.
1807 -- Martin Ryerson buys the works when he buys Ringwood
1853- Peter Cooper and Abram S. Hewitt acquire the area; the Civil War then gives it a boost. The works became a major iron production center.
The friends of Long Pond Ironworks are restoring a Colonial-era iron furnace built in 1768 and abandoned in 1880. The ironworks produced cannonballs, stoves and other equipment for the American army during the Revolution and was an important source of iron for the Union Army in the Civil War. A new furnace was built.
1872 -- converting to the Westman kiln; and a changeover to anthracite coal
1873 -- setback
1879 -- iron production resumed
1880 -- Hewitt writes that "condition of furnace is certainly deplorable."


Monks or Monksville. Settled in the early 19th century by settlers named Monks. The town is now under the waters of Monksville Reservoir.

There were three mines in the area:

Winston Mine. A short walk up the white trail from the Boat Launch on the southeast side of the mountain. The white-blazed Monks Trail follows the route of an old mining road. It was owned by Cooper & Hewitt, proprietors of the nearby Ringwood Mines and Long Pond Ironworks.

Whritenour Mine. This is an old "farm mine." Located on the north side of the Monksville Reservoir at a point approximately 900 feet southwest of the Greenwood Lake Turnpike. It was owned by a man named Henderson and was named the Henderson Mine. it was then owned by a man named Ward. The Ward lands were acquired by Mathias Whritenour in 1833. It later came into possession of the Pattersons. The Whritenour House was relocated to the Long Pond Ironworks.

Patterson Mine, 1870-1903. The site is located east of the Sterling Ridge Trail north of the Ironworks Historical District buildings. The Long Pond Ironworks was established in 1766 by Peter Hasenclever. In 1807, Martin Ryerson acquired the Long Pond Ironworks. In 1853 the ironworks were purchased by Peter Cooper and Abram S. Hewitt and their company, the Trenton Iron Company. The Ward-Ryerson-Patterson House is now part of the Ironworks Historic District.

Book on the Jackson Whites, Ramapo Mountain People.
Wawayanda has an iron furnace.
Ames Tools started here?
Long Pond is the old colonial name for Greenwood Lake.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer japonica (Japanese maple)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Amelanchier sp. (shadbush)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)  8/06/98 in fruit
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus nigra (black ash)
Fraxinus pensylvanica (red ash)  nearly sessile leaved
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Ilex opaca (American holly)  planted on the lawn of the visitor's center
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Ostrya virginiana (eastern hop hornbeam)
Picea abies (Norway spruce)
Picea sp. (spruce)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Populus alba (white poplar)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Populus grandidentata (big tooth aspen)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Populus x jackii (balm-of-Giliad)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus malus (crab apple) (rose)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac) 8/06/97
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust) 5/24/98 6/16/97
Salix nigra (black willow)
Salix sp. (willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Taxodium distichum ? (bald cypress ?)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Alnus glutinosa (black alder)
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Alnus viridis (green alder)
Amorpha fruticosa (false indigo)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern)
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaved dogwood)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood) 6/16/97
Corylus americana (hazelnut)
Decodon verticillatus (swamp loosestrife) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus) staff tree family 6/16/97
Forsythia x intermedia (golden bell)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spice bush)
Lonicera morrowii (morrow's honeysuckle)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Philadelphus sp. (mock orange)
Rhamnus alnifolia (alder-leaved buckthorn) 6/16/97
Rosa multiflora (multi-flora rose) 6/16/97
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus odoratus (purple flowering raspberry) 6/16/97 8/06/97 8/26/97
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry) 5/24/98 6/16/97
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush)
Staphylea trifolia (bladder nut)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum) 5/24/98 6/16/97
Vinca minor (periwinkle)

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelain berry)
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Apios americana (groundnut) 8/26/97
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Clematis terniflora (sweet autumn clematis)
Cuscuta gronovii (dodder)  8/06/97 8/26/97
Dioscorea villosa (wild yam root)
Ipomoea sp.? vine, morning glory?
Menispermum canadense (moonseed)
Mikania scandens (climbing hempweed) (aster)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat)
Smilax glauca (sawbrier greenbrier) e
Smilax herbacea (carrion flower greenbrier) 6/16/97
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)  6/16/97 8/06/97
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vicia cracca (cow vetch) 6/16/97 8/06/97
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape) 6/16/97

Herbs:
Acalypha rhomboidea (three-seeded mercury) 8/06/97
Acalypha virginica (three-seeded mercury)
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 6/16/97 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Actaea alba (doll's eyes)
Agrimonia parviflora (small-flowered agrimony) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Agrimonia pubescens (agrimony)
Alisma subcordatum (water plantain) 8/06/97
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 8/26/97
Anaphalis margaritacea (pearly everlasting) 8/06/97 9/05/97
Anemone virginiana (thimbleweed)
Apocynum sp. (dogbane) 6/16/97 pink flowers
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium lappa (great burdock)
Arctium minus (common burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack in the pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aster cordifolius (heart leaved aster)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 9/05/97
Aster ericoides (heath aster) 8/06/98
Aster novae-angliae (New England aster) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Aster novi-belgii (New York aster) 9/05/97
Aster racemosus (small white aster) 8/06/98
Aster schreberi (Schreber's aster) 8/26/97
Aster vimineus (aster)
Baptisia tinctoria (yellow baptisia) 9/05/97
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/24/98 6/16/97
Bidens connata (swamp beggar ticks) with long lf stalks
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle) 8/06/97
Cabomba caroliniana (fanwort)
Callitriche palustris (water starwort)
Carduus nutans (nodding thistle)
Centaurea maculosa (knapweed) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)
Chamaecrista fasciculata (partridge pea) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Chelone glabra (white turtlehead) 8/08/98
Chenopodium album (pigweed)
Chenopodium simplex (maple-leaved goosefoot) 8/06/97
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 6/16/97 8/06/97 9/05/97
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 6/16/97 8/06/97 8/26/97
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 8/06/97
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Conyza canadensis (horseweed) 8/06/97 9/05/97
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 6/16/97 8/06/97 8/26/97
Datura stramonium (jimsonweed) (nightshade) 8/06/97
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Desmodium canadense (showy tick trefoil) 8/06/97
Desmodium cuspidatum (tick trefoil)
Desmodium glabellum (Dillen's tick trefoil) 8/06/98
Desmodium glutinosum (pointed leaved tick trefoil)
Desmodium paniculatum (tick trefoil)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 6/16/97 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine orchid)
Epilobium coloratum (purple-leaved willow herb) 8/26/97
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort) 9/05/97
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 5/24/98 6/16/97 8/06/97
Erigeron strigosus (lesser daisy fleabane) 6/16/97
Eupatorium dubium (eastern joe-pye-weed) 8/26/97
Eupatorium maculatum (spotted joe-pye-weed)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot) 8/26/97 9/05/97
Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
Galinsoga quadriradiata (common quickweed) 8/06/97 8/26/97 very hairy one
Galium mollugo (wild madder) 6/16/97
Galium palustre (marsh bedstraw) 8/06/97
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geranium sibiricum (Siberian geranium) 8/26/97
Geum canadense (white avens)
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground)
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting) 8/26/97 9/05/97
Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed) 8/06/97
Hedeoma pulegioides (American pennyroyal) 9/05/97
Helianthus decapetalus (sunflower)
Helianthus divaricatus (sunflower)
Helianthus strumosus (pale-leaved sunflower) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny day lily)
Hepatica americana (round-leaved hepatica)
Hieracium caespitosum (king devil hawkweed) 5/24/98 6/16/97 8/06/97
Hieracium paniculatum (panicled hawkweed) 8/06/97
Hydrocotyle americana (water pennywort)
Hypericum gentianoides (orange grass) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Hypericum mutilum (dwarf St. Johnswort) 8/06/97
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 8/06/97
Hypericum punctatum (spotted St. Johnswort)  8/06/97
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Iris versicolor (blue flag) 6/16/97
Lactuca canadensis (wild lettuce) 8/06/97 9/05/97
Lactuca serriola (prickly yellow lettuce) 8/06/97
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort)
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper)
Lespedeza procumbens (trailing bush clover)
Lespedeza sp. (hairy bush clover?)
Lespedeza sp. (a white bush clover) 8/26/97
Linaria canadensis (blue toadflax) 5/24/98
Linaria vulgaris (butter-and-eggs) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Lindernia dubia (false pimpernel) 8/08/98
Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal lobelia) (lobelia) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco lobelia) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 5/24/98 6/16/97 8/06/97 8/26/97
Ludwigia palustris (water purslane)
Lycopus uniflorus (northern bugleweed)  (mint) 8/06/97
Lycopus virginicus (Virginia bugleweed) (mint) 8/06/97
Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife) 8/06/97
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife) 6/16/97 lots
Lysimachia terrestris (swamp candles)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Malva neglecta (common mallow) 6/16/97 8/06/97
Matricaria matricarioides (pineapple weed) 6/16/97
Medicago lupulina (black medick clover) 8/06/97
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) 9/05/97
Mentha arvensis (wild mint) 8/06/97
Mentha spicata (spearmint)
Mimulus ringens (monkey flower) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Myosotis laxa (smaller forget-me-nots) 5/24/98 8/06/97
Myosotis scorpioides (forget-me-nots) 8/06/97
Myriophyllum spicatum (water milfoil)
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Oenothera fruticosa (sun drops) 8/06/98
Osmorhiza claytonii (sweet cicely)
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel) 5/24/98 6/16/97 8/06/97 9/05/97
Paronychia canadensis (forked chickweed)
Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip) 8/06/97
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Penthorum sedoides (ditch stonecrop) 8/06/97
Phlox paniculata (garden phlox) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago bracteata (bracted plantain)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 5/24/98 6/16/97 8/06/97 8/26/97
Plantago major (common plantain)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Polygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose knotweed) 6/16/97 8/06/97 9/05/97
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed) 8/26/97
Polygonum hydropiper (mild water pepper knotweed) 8/06/98
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding knotweed) 8/06/97 9/05/97
Polygonum pensylvanicum (Pennsylvania knotweed) 8/26/97
Polygonum punctatum (dotted smartweed)
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb) 8/26/97 9/05/97
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed knotweed)
Portulaca oleracea (purslane) 8/06/98
Potamogeton sp. (pondweed) 9/05/97
Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil) 5/24/98 6/16/97 8/26/97
Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil) 8/06/97 9/05/97
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 6/16/97 8/06/97 hairy big 7 lflts
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 5/24/98 6/16/97
Prenanthes serpentaria (gall-of-the-earth)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 8/06/97
Pycnanthemum muticum (short-toothed mountain mint) (mint)
Ranunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup) 5/24/98
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Rudbeckia triloba (thin-leaved coneflower) (aster) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel)
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Sagittaria latifolia (broad-leaved arrowhead) 8/06/97
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Saururus cernuus (lizard's tail) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Scrophularia lanceolata (hare figwort) 6/16/97 green stigma
Scutellaria galericulata (marsh skullcap) 8/26/97 twin-flowered
Scutellaria lateriflora (mad-dog skullcap) 8/06/97 9/05/97
Silene stellata (starry campion) 8/06/97
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 6/16/97 8/06/97
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (blue-eyed grass) 5/24/98 6/16/97
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solidago bicolor (silverrod goldenrod) 9/05/97
Solidago caesia (blue-stem goldenrod)
Solidago canadensis var. canadensis (Canada goldenrod) 8/06/97
Solidago canadensis var. altissima (tall goldenrod) 8/06/97 stem all downy
Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)
Solidago gigantea (late goldenrod) 8/06/97 stem glaucous
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod) 8/06/97
Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod ) 8/06/98
Solidago rugosa (goldenrod)
Sparganium americanum (burreed) 8/26/97 9/05/97
Spirodela polyrhiza (water flaxseed)
Stellaria graminea (lesser stitchwort) 6/16/97
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 5/24/98 6/16/97
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Trichostema dichotomum (blue curls) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Trifolium arvense (rabbit foot clover) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Trifolium aureum (yellow clover) 6/16/97 8/06/97 8/26/97
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 5/24/98 6/16/97 8/26/97
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/16/97 8/06/97 8/26/97
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Urtica dioica (stinging nettle)
Uvularia perfoliata (perfoliate-leaved bellwort)
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein) 8/06/97
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 8/06/97 8/26/97 9/05/97
Verbena hastata (blue vervain) 8/06/97
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 8/06/97 8/26/97
Vernonia noveboracensis (New York ironweed) 8/26/97 9/05/97
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) 5/24/98 6/16/97
Veronica scutellata (marsh speedwell) 8/06/97
Viola palmata (palmate violet)
Zizia aurea (golden alexanders) 5/24/98

Rushes:
Juncus canadensis (Canada rush)
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus marginatus (rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush)

Sedges:
Carex annectans
Carex cristatella
Carex lurida
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex scoparia
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea
Cladium mariscoides (twig rush)
Cyperus filiculmis (bulrush)
Cyperus strigosus (nut sedge bulrush)
Eleocharis tenuis (spikerush)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)
Scirpus pungens (common three-square bulrush)

Grasses:
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Bromus inermis (smooth brome grass)
Cinna arundinacea (fall wood reed grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Digitaria sanguinalis (crab grass)
Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)
Eleusine indica (zipper grass)
Elymus hystrix (bottle-brush grass)
Elymus virginicus (wild rye grass)
Festuca pratensis (meadow fescue grass)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cut grass)
Lolium perenne (English rye grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer tongue grass)
Panicum sp. (panic grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)
Setaria faberi (Faber's foxtail grass)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Setaria viridis (green foxtail grass)
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)

Ferns:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Adiantum pedatum (maidenhair fern)
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Athyrium filix-femina (northern lady fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris cristata (crested woodfern)
Dryopteris intermedia (evergreen wood fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Polypodium sp. (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)