Abram S. Hewitt State Forest
Passaic County, NJ
Located on Bearfort Mountain.


Directions:

From NJ 23 take the Union Valley Road (County Route 513) north into West Milford. Bear left at the shopping center. After passing Camp Hope, keep to the right at the fork and then meet the Warwick Turnpike about a half mile ahead. Bear left on Warwick Turnpike, follow it a short distance uphill, and park on the right-hand side of the road just past a concrete bridge. The trailhead for the Bearfort Ridge Trail is located on the eastern side of the bridge.

There is another parking area:

From the intersection of Greenwood Turnpike and Lakeside Road drive 2.4 miles up Lakeside Road to a left turn into the parking area for the Greenwood Lake Marina (whose main building is on the right).  You can park on the far left or way in the back.  The trail starts way in the back. 


Trails:

The trails go on the west side of Greenwood Lake passing into the AT.

The easiest way to get to Surprise Lake is to take the orange marked Quail Trail. It heads north and northeast to the lake. From here, to get to the AT, hike northeast on the yellow marked Ernest Walter Trail and then west on the blue marked State Line Trail.

To make a circular walk of this hike, take the AT south to the Ernest Walter Trail (yellow) which will take the hiker to the Bearfort Ridge Trail (white). This will take the hiker back to the orange trail near the starting point of the hike.

From this area, the AT heads north into New York State passing Prospect Rock, Grand View, Indian Park and Bellvale Mountain, heading to Mount Peter (parking lot along 17A located at west side of a big horse-shoe bend in the road out of the town of Greenwood Lake.


PLANT LIST:
Patrick L. Cooney/Steve Glen and Torrey Botanical Society participants


Trees:
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Paulownia tomentosa (empress tree) roadside
Picea mariana (black spruce)
Picea rubra (red spruce)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Pinus virginiana (scrub pine)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Populus grandidentata (big-tooth aspen)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry) 6/4/97
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Shrubs:
Aronia melanocarpa (black chokeberry) 6/4/97
Aronia prunifolia (purple chokeberry) 6/4/97
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush)
Chamaedaphne calyculata (leatherleaf) 6/4/97
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)  8/13/2005
Comptonia peregrina (sweetfern)
Decodon verticillatus (swamp loosestrife)
Eubotrys racemosa (fetterbush) 6/4/97 soon
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Gaultheria procumbens (teaberry)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry) 6/4/97
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly)
Kalmia angustifolia (sheep laurel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Ligustrum sp. (obtusifolium)?  (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Quercus ilicifolia (scrub oak)
Rhododendron maximum (rosebay rhododendron)
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pinxter flower)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa carolina (Carolina rose)
Rubus alleghaniensis (common blackberry) 6/4/97
Rubus flagellaris (northern dewberry)
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry) 6/4/97
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet)   8/13/2005
Vaccinium angustifolium (low bush blueberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry) 6/4/97
Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry) 6/4/97
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry) 6/4/97
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)

Vines:
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) 6/4/97
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat)
Smilax glauca (sawbrier)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier) 6/4/97
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)

Herbs:
Acalypha sp. (three-seeded mercury)
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Agastache sp. ? (agastache) ?   8/13/2005
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)  8/13/2005  9/05/00
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Antennaria plantaginifolia (plantain-leaved pussytoes)
Apocynum sp. (dog bane)
Arabis laevigata (smooth rockcress)
Aralia hispida (bristly sarsaparilla) 
Aralia racemosa (spikenard)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aster acuminatus (sharp-leaved aster)     8/13/2005
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 9/05/00
Aster spp. (aster)  8/13/2005
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 6/4/97
Bidens connata (swamp beggar ticks)
Bidens sp. (3-5 leaflets, hairy leafstalks and stem)
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed)   8/13/2005
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed) 6/4/97
Chelone glabra (white turtlehead)
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 8/13/2005 9/05/00
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) 8/13/2005  9/05/00
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower)  8/13/2005
Conyza canadensis (horseweed) 8/13/2005  9/05/00
Cypripedium acaule (pink lady's slipper) 6/4/97
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)  8/13/2005  9/05/00
Desmodium paniculatum (panicled tick trefoil)   8/13/2005
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink)   8/13/2005
Drosera rotundifolia (round-leaved sundew)
Epigaea repens (trailing arbutus)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pileweed)  8/13/2005  9/05/00
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)  8/13/2005   9/05/00
Galinsoga quadriradiata (galinsoga) 9/05/00
Galium circaezens (wild licorice)
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting)  8/13/2005
Helianthus strumosus (pale-leaved sunflower)   8/13/2005
Hieracium caespitosum (king devil hawkweed) 6/4/97
Hieracium paniculatum (panicled hawkweed)  8/13/2005  9/05/00
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake hawkweed)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)  8/13/2005  9/05/00
Iris sp. (blue or yellow flag iris)
Lechea sp. (pinweed)
Lespedeza (trailing bush clover)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs) 9/05/00
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco lobelia) 8/13/2005 9/05/00
Lycopus sp. (bugleweed) 9/05/00
Lycopus virginicus (Virginia bugleweed) 9/05/00
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 6/4/97
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber root)
Melampyrum lineare (cowwheat)   8/13/2005
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 9/05/00
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Nuphar variegata (white water lily)
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose) 9/05/00
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel)  8/13/2005
Paronychia canadensis (forked chickweed)
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal) 6/4/97
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 8/13/2005  9/05/00
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese smartweed) 9/05/00
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding smartweed) 9/05/00
Polygonum pensylvanicum (Pennsylvania smartweed) 9/05/00
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved smartweed) 9/05/00
Polygonum sp. (dooryard knotweed)
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Pontederia cordata (pickerel weed)   8/13/2005  9/05/00
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 6/4/97
Prenanthes sp. (lettuce)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 9/05/00
Rumex acetosella (sheep sorrel)
Silene latifolia (white campion)   8/13/2005
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion)   8/13/2005
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)
Solidago bicolor (silverrod) 9/05/00
Solidago caesia (blue-stem goldenrod)
Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod) 9/05/00
Solidago odora (sweet goldenrod)   8/13/2005
Solidago puberula (downy goldenrod) 9/05/00
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 6/4/97
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trientalis borealis (starflower) 6/4/97
Trifolium pratense (red clover)  8/13/2005
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/4/97 9/05/00
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus's looking glass)
Tussilago farfara (colts foot)
Utricularia sp. (bladderwort)
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)  8/13/2005
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)

Rushes:
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush)

Rushes:
Carex gynandra (nodding sedge)
Carex intumescens (sedge)
Carex laxiflora (sedge)
Carex lurida (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex rosea type sp.
Carex sp. (sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)

Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Digitaria ischaemum (smooth crabgrass) 9/05/00
Festuca rubra (red fescue grass) 6/4/97
Glyceria striata (mannagrass)
Leersia virginica (white grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Panicum sp. (panic grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass) roadside
Poa annua (annual bluegrass) 6/4/97
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Lycopodium obscurum (ground pine)
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris cristata (crested woodfern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Dryopteris sp. (wood fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polypodium sp. (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)
Woodwardia virginica (Virginia chain fern)

Others:
Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum moss)
pyxie cap lichen
rock tripe lichen


SURPRISE LAKE, Hewitt State Forest
October 7, 1934

The group of 10 members making the trek up and over the Schunemunk conglomerate to Lookout Rock found the scene there, and beyond, so glorious that mere botanizing was forgotten temporarily. When, after a series of rainy weekends, we were greeted by the first good Sunday of the fall season great was the rejoicing. No early frost had reached the heights and at the foot of the trail were noted numerous asters in full bloom, among them:
Aster ericoides
A coridfolius
A undulatus
and a hybrid or two, and up the trail
Aster acuminatus
Potentilla monspeliensis was conspicuous among other late blooming summer species, as we started the ascent.

Over the rocky ridges were noted those pants that are typical of the region
Aronia melanocarpa, thriving in the interstices of the rocks bearing much fruit
Prunus pennsylvanica
Quercus ilicifolia
Betula populifolia
and a surprising spread of Aralia hispida
Several lingering specimens of Corydalis sempervirens were found to be in bloom as well as Vaccinium pennsylvanicum.

So clear was the day that the Catskill peaks were visible far northward, and the tower at High Point Park was plainly discernible. A stiff breeze greeted us on the summit, so we lunched at Surprise Lake.

Patches of Woodwardia virginica and Chamaedaphne calyculata bordered the shore toward the outlet. Resplendent Nyssas enhanced the beauty of the spot. In the bog were hastily noticed Drosera rotundifolia and Sarracenia purpurea.

A conference was held as to which course to pursue; to explore hereabouts or push on for the Unknown Pond. The latter choice proved unanimous. In consequence some good foot work was accomplished, even to getting off the trail at intervals, and the objective was reached just in time to consider the return in order to emerge from the woods before dusk and in time to catch the only train home! Certain members who have preferred lingering, even at the risk of being marooned!

Azalea viscosa, Nemopanthus mucronata and Picea rubra were noted.
Helene Lunt


May 9, 1948. Surprise lake, Bearfort Mountain, NJ.

The lake was well named. It was indeed a surprise to find a northern bog flora readily accessible by trail in our region. A black spruce and tamarack association at the southern end of the lake yielded such plants as Kalmia polifolia, Andromeda glaucophylla, Calla palustris, Vaccinium oxycoccus, Nemopanthus mucronata, Ilex monticola, and Coptis trifolia.

Luncheon was enjoyed at prospect Rock, a fine open ledge on the east side of Bearfort Mountain with wonderful views of the entire length of Greenwood Lake and the surrounding Highlands.

After descending to lake side by easy trail, the group proceeded by car to Sterling Forest, NY for a glimpse of Clematis verticillata, Panax quinquefolia, and Viola rostrata. . . .

Attendance 15, leader James K. McGrath


August 13, 2005.  Surprise Lake, Bearfort Mountain, New Jersey

On the hottest day of the year so far, eight Torreyites climbed up the Mountain starting from the parking area across from the Greenwood Lake Marina.  It was very tough going for the entire way up to Surprise Lake.  The troop used the blue trail to near the top and then the yellow trail to get the rest of the way to the lake.  From the mountain top, there were great overviews of Greenwood Lake (somewhat compromised by the haze in the area). 

It was lunch time by the time we got to Surprise Lake.  While most of the participants ate their lunch by the lake, the trip leader went into the lake itself looking for aquatic plants.  He found bladderwort along with some water plants.  (One of the participants, Patrick Cooney, went swimming in the lake.) 

After lunch, the group started down the way they had come up.  Back at the parking lot, most were very tired and glad to be back on ground level. 

Thanks to Steve Glen of the Brooklyn Botanic Garden for being the trip leader.  The participants included Patrick L. Cooney, Rosemary Santana Cooney,
Ross Dubin, Joyce Hyon, Augie Matzdorf, Ceferino Santana, Margie Shore, and a Jack Russell terrier named Sonar.