FARNY NATURAL AREA
Morris County, NJ
Ringwood State Park, Box 1304, Ringwood, NJ 07456 201-962-7031.
556 acres


Directions:

There are two different parts to the Farny Natural Area:

Directions for the upper one:

over the Tappan Zee bridge; US 87; US 287 south; in 15 miles get off at the exit for Route 23 (Butler) heading north; turn around via the U-turn system at LaRue Road; turn at the first right for Green Pond Road; turn left onto Jacobs Road; at the T-intersection, turn left onto Timberlake Road and drive .3 miles to a small parking area on the left just before hitting the Winnebago Boy Scout Reservation.

The more southern area:

00 Hastings-on-Hudson
06 US 87
26 US 287
40.8 Exit 52 Route 23
make U-turn for Route 513(Green Pond Road) at LaRue Road
left onto Jacobs Road;
at the T-intersection, turn right onto Timberlake Road;
left turn onto Durham Road;
roadside parking only (it's very unclear exactly where you can park -- hence the term "undeveloped".)


Habitats:

Mixed oak-hardwood forest and swamp hardwood forest communities, and rare species habitat.


Trails:

For the northern part of Farny:

This park is left undeveloped. But the old continuance of the Timberlake Road is the main trail. It heads north. There is a side trail on the left that heads southwest to someone's back yard and pond.

There appear to be old mining holes on the sides of the trail. Lots of signs of activities of off-terrain vehicles. An quite a bit of dumping of garbage, including a refrigerator and televisions.

The Farny Highlands Trail Network is a greenway that links large undeveloped areas -- a state park and natural area, two wildlife management areas, watershed lands, county and municipal parks and private lands. The planned Farny Highlands Trail Network will consist of 50 miles of hiking trails that connect with the 150-mile Highlands Trail.

Currently, the Network consists of 3 hiking only trails.

1)  The 19-mile Four Birds Trail travels from Hibernia north, along the west side of the Split Rock Reservoir, to Route 23.

2)  The Split Rock Loop Trail connects with the Four Birds Trail and circles the east side of Split Rock Reservoir. This trail is closed until the State DEP develops a management plan for the area.

3)  The Beaver Brook Trail is located in Jefferson Township. The trail travels through the new Rockaway River Wildlife Management Area, beginning at Berkshire Valley Road, and connects with the NY-NJ Highlands Trail in Mahlon Dickerson County Park.

(Source: http://www.morrislandconservancy.org/FarnyTrailNetwork.html)


The Record (November 21, 1997) carried an article on the Farny Highlands Trail Network. Voters in Morris County approved a grant to preserve thirty acres along Kinnelon Road as part of the Farny trail. Hikers using the 2,000 mile Appalachian Trail now can easily extend their walks into the Farny Highlands.

The county built a five-mile footpath called the Pyramid Mountain Connector to link Split Rock Reservoir to Pyramid Mountain and connect it to three other local trails.

When all the different hiking trail are completed, you can start from the north east (at Route 23) and hike:

1. South along the Highlands Trail to Mahlon Dickerson Reservation;
2. From the Highland Trail, go east on the Beaver Brook Trail to hook up to the Four Birds Trail;
3a. going north on the Four Birds Trail takes you past Green Pond; you can then go east to Charlottesburg Reservoir; south to Farny State Park and Split Rock Reservoir along the Split Rock Trail; and then hook up with the Four Birds Trail coming around from the south.
3a. going south to Route 80 and then turning northeast to Mt. Hope Lake and then north to hook up with Split Rock Trail.
4. You can go around Split Rock Reservoir and then east to hook up with the Buck Mountain tract, go farther east through the newly acquired 30-acre Picone tract, farther east to Rock Pear Mountain; and then to Pyramid Mountain/Turkey Mountain.
So you can walk all the way from Route 23 to Turkey Mountain.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (yellow birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Ostrya virginiana (American hop hornbeam)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Mitchella repens (partridge berry)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus odoratus 9fragrant raspberry) 7/10/97
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Rudbeckia hirtra var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan) 7/10/97
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet) 7/30/01
Spiraea sp. (spiraea)?
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 7/10/97 7/30/01
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 7/30/01
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Aralia racemosa (spikenard) 7/10/97 soon
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias exaltata (poke milkweed) 7/10/97
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) 7/10/97
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Aster macrophyllus (large-leaved aster) 7/30/01
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen) 7/30/01
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 7/30/01
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 7/10/97
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 7/10/97
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 7/30/01
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm)
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 7/10/97 7/30/01
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 7/10/97 7/30/01
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 7/10/97
Echium vulgare (viper's bugloss) 7/10/97
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine orchid)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 7/10/97
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot) 7/30/01
Galium asprellum (rough bedstraw) 7/30/01
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geum canadense (white avens)
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny day lily) 7/10/97
Hieracium (nipple leaves) 7/30/01
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 7/10/97
Hypericum punctatum (spotted St. Johnswort) 7/10/97
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco lobelia) 7/30/01
Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife) 7/30/01
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 7/10/97
Monotropa indica (Indian pipe)
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 7/30/01
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 7/10/97 7/30/01
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prenanthes altissima (tall white lettuce)
Prenanthes trifoliolata (rattlesnake root)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 7/10/97 7/30/01
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Sedum sp. (garden sedum)
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 7/10/97
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue) 7/30/01
Trifolium aurea (yellow clover) 7/10/97
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 7/10/97
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 7/30/01
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)
Zizia (golden Alexanders)

Rushes:
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush)

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea (sedge)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark-green bulrush)

Grasses:
Brachyelytrum erectum (wood awn grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Danthonia spicata (?)
Lolium perenne (English rye grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)

Ferns:
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Panicum sp. (panic grass)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)