CHARLESTOWN RESERVATION
Route 635, Bethlehem Township, Hunterdon County, NJ
215 acres


Directions:

from the Clinton Area:
From the junction with Interstate 78, travel north on Route 31 for approximately 6 miles. In Glen Gardner, make a left at the second traffic light onto Glen Manor Road. Proceed to the end of the road. Turn left onto Black Brook Road and then make the first right onto Charlestown Lane. At the end of Charlestown Lane, make a left onto Route 635. The entrance to the reservation is on the right.

from the Bloomsbury Area:
Take Interstate 78 east to exit 12; take the first right turn onto Route 635; travel north on Route 635 also known as Charlestown Road. Proceed on Route 635 for approximately 4.9 miles to the park. The parking lot will be on the left hand side (just before reaching Charlestown Lane on the right).


History:

Charles Hovies owned the property.

1943 --  Mr. Hovies establishes a tree farm on the property. He later expands the farm to include agricultural crops and an apple orchard.

1958  --  he marries his wife, Harriet and they live together on the property.

1972  --  Charles Hovies passes away.

1981  --  Harriet sells 203 acres of the farm to the county (retaining 12 acres for herself).

1989  -- Harriet deeds the remaining acres to Hunterdon County.

2000  --  she passes away.

The land is held in trust as a conservation area.


Habitats:

oak-hickory forest


Trails:

The trail starts at the right corner of the parking lot. The trail sets off over a hillside; intersects with an old field road; this road meanders through the park and loops back on itself.

The proposed Hunterdon Highlands route will head from Long Valley to Spruce Run and then north to Charlestown Reservation (then south again through the Musconetcong Gorge and on to the Delaware River).

http://216.239.41.104/search?q=cache:Bl7IASJSJN4J:www.co.hunterdon.nj.us/pdf/parks/Charlestown.pdf+%22CHARLESTOWN+RESERVATION%22&hl=en&ie=UTF-8

10/18/03.  The path is like a crooked-stemmed lollipop.  The orange trail heads northwest up the hill and then heads southwest and south.  The trail comes to an old field road surrounding an overgrown field (with hundreds of autumn olive shrubs).  The old field road leads in a small circle back to the entrance onto the road from whence you return to the parking lot.  


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney
* = blooming, 10/18/03


Trees:
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya sp. (hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tee)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Picea abies (Norway spruce)
Pinus sp. (pine with long needles)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus malus (apple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry)
Lindera benzoin (spice bush)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat)
Sicyos angulatus (one-seeded cucumber)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)

Herbs:
Acalypha sp. (three-seeded mercury)
Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)
Actaea alba (white baneberry)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack in the pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)
Aster cordifolius (heart-leaved aster) *
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) *
Aster sp. (heath aster type) *
Cardamine impatiens (narrow-leaved bittercress) ?
Cimicifuga racemosa (black snakeroot)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade)
Cirsium discolor (field thistle) *
Conyza canadensis (horsebalm)
Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick trefoil)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset)
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot) *
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
Galium sp. (bedstraw)
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground)
Impatiens sp. (jewelweed)
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco)
Monarda didyma (wild bergamot)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) *
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium (narrow-leaved mountain mint)
Rumex acetosella (field sorrel)
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil) *
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)
Solidago caesia (blue stem goldenrod) *
Solidago rugosa (rough-leaved goldenrod) *
Vicia sp. (vetch)

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type (loose-flowered sedge type)
Cyperus sp. (nut or umbrella sedge)

Grasses:
Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)
Elymus sp. (wild rye grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Sorghastrum nutans (Indian nut grass)
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)

Ferns:
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)