BUDD LAKE WILDLIFE MANAGEMENT AREA
Budd Lake, Mount Olive Township, Morris County, NJ
National Lands Trust (609) 984-1339


Directions:

59 miles from Hastings on Hudson to exit 26 off of US 80; drive 2.1 miles and turn right onto Sand Shore Road; turn right and drive along the shore of Budd Lake. The National Lands Trust owns land on the right side of the road and along Budd Lake in the northwest area of the Lake. We parked somewhere between Budd Lake Road and Thirty-First Street by the bridge over the stream.

(For maps see: www.state.nj.us/dep/fgw/wmaland.htm)


History:

pre-Colonial times  -- the Lenni-Lenape Indians lived in Mount Olive Township and it is believed they held their councils in Budd Lake in the Vicinity of High Street.

early 1700s  --  John Reading took up 250 acres, which included the northern half of Budd Lake.

Budd refers to John Budd, landowner.

1800s into 1900s --  Mt. Olive was largely a farming community with a summer resort area around Budd Lake,  including bungalows and the tent colonies.

World War I  -- "Summers at Budd Lake during World War I and the early 1920s were country summers with plenty of swimming, hayrides, canoe trips across the lake into the blueberry swamps and the cove called The Green Room. Dances and shuffleboard and pool at the Budd Lake Athletic Club, hikes along the Morris and Essex Canal, where an occasional horse-drawn barge could be seen gliding along or maneuvering the incline and the lock at Waterloo.... With the building of the State Road - Route 46, in 1923, the whole character of the Lake changed. The macadam road disappeared. The day-trippers appeared for swimming and picnics, and with them the hamburger stands, the filling stations, the dance halls, and the need for police, more garbage collection and for ambulances. By the end of the 1920s, the 'old' Budd Lake had disappeared." ( a letter from Florence Pfalzgraf Kern and her sister Beatrice Pfalzgraf Darlington)

(Source: The History of Mt. Olive; Rita Hilbert; http://www.mountolivetownship.com/town_history2.html)


Trails:

Are there trails here? We parked along the bridge and there was a short primitive trail paralleling the stream that worked its way to a hunter's platform in a tree. The habitat here is swampy. It is interesting how the moss-covered roots lie higher than the surrounding ground so one can walk on the roots to avoid the muddy areas.


PLANT LIST
Dr. Patrick Cooney; Judith Fitzgerald

* source: Morris County Planning Board. 2000. A Natural Resource Management Guide for the County of Morris.
** Budd Lake Outlet


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Fraxinus pensylvanica? (red ash?)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Picea sp. (spruce) *
Picea mariana (black spruce) NYBG specimen
Platanus occidentalis (sycamore)
Pyrus sp. (crab apple?)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus bicolor? (swamp white oak?)
Quercus rubra (red oak)

Shrubs:
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Andromeda glaucophylla (bog rosemary) **
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly)
Kalmia sp. (pale laurel) *
Larix sp. (larch) *
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spice bush) lots & lots
Lonicera sp. (honey suckle)
Picea mariana (black spruce) *
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea) *
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Salix sp. (bog willow) **
Salix sp. (shining willow) *
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax sp. (greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Alisma sp. (water plantain)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Angelica venenosa (hairy angelica) *
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort )
Aster cordifolius (heart-leaved aster) 10/21/00
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 10/21/00
Bidens sp. (beggar ticks)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Chelidonium majus (celandine)
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 10/21/00
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) 10/21/00
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 10/21/00
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Galium sp. (bedstraw)
Geum sp. (avens)
Helonias bullata (swamp pink) *
Heuchera americana (alumroot)
Impatiens capensis (jewelweed)
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper)
Melanthium virginicum (bunchflower) *
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 10/21/00
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) 10/21/00
Myosotis scorpioides (forget me not)
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose) 10/21/00
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago majus (common plantain)
Polygonum arifolium (halberd-leaved tearthumb)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed)
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Potamogeton illinoensis (Illinois pondweed) **
Potentilla palustris (marsh cinquefoil) **
Ranunculus sp. (crowfoot)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Solidago caesia (blue-stem goldenrod) 10/21/00
Solidago rugosa (rough goldenrod) 10/21/00
Sonchus sp. (sow thistle) 10/21/00
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion)
Thalictrum sp. (meadowrue) 3 lobed, 3 lobed
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 10/21/00
Trollius laxus (spreading globe flower) *
Tussilago farfara (colts foot)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena hastata (blue vervain)
Verbena officinalis (white vervain)
(mint)

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex sp. (beaked sedge) *
Carex sp. (bog sedge) *
Carex sp. (brownish sedge) *
Carex sp. (mud sedge) *
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Eriophorum gracile (slender cotton grass) *
Triglochin sp. (arrowgrass) *
Juncus effusus (soft rush)

Grasses:
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Echinochloa sp. (barnyard grass)
Panicum sp. (northern panic grass) *
Phalaris arundinacea (canary reed grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Setaria sp. (foxtail grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Botrychium sp. (blunt-lobed grapefern) *
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)

Other:
Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum moss)


BUDD'S LAKE BOG, NJ.
June 20, 1954

The character of the bog has undoubtedly changed greatly since the appearance of Britton's Catalogue, 1889) and the present group found very few exposed areas of Sphagnum.. The bog was largely shaded and overgrown by highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum), white azalea (Rhododendron viscosum), and speckled alder (Alnus rugosa). Still present, struggling against "overwhelming odds" in the battle for survival were: Pitcher plant (Sarracenia purpurea), round-leaved sundew (Drosera rotundifolia), wild calla (Calla palustris), wild iris (Iris versicola) three-fruited sedge (Carex trisperma), buckbean (Menyanthes trifoliata), bog rosemary (Andromeda glaucophylla), black spruce (Picea mariana), and Tamarack (Larix laricina). It appears as though the "life span" of the bog is nearing its end. Approach to the bog was via canoe and the white water crowfoot (Ranunculus trichophyllus) was found en route.

Attendance 17. Leader, David Fables.