ROSS-FARRELL WOODLAND PRESERVE
Southeast, Putnam County, NY
36.5 acres


Directions:

US 287 to US 684 north to Rt. 22; turn right onto Milltown Road; go 2.3 miles and on the left is a small, grassy parking area (be careful if it is a wet day so that you don't get stuck in the mud); it is just after the house at #511 Milltown Road.


History of the Glenda Farrell-Henry Ross Preserve:

This land was once part of the farm of the Gage family, some of the earliest settlers in the area. Elihu Gage came from Cape Cod and was among the ten pioneers who developed farms in the Oblong, the strip of territory in the eastern part of Putnam County which was the disputed area between the boundaries of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam and the English Connecticut. The grave of Selah Gage, Elihu's grandson, is the oldest one in the little Gage Burial ground, which lies just outside the boundary of the Preserve. He died in 1846 at the age of 70.

Source: Putnam County Land Trust website: http://www.pclt.net/preserves.htm#twin_hill

There is a plaque near the park entrance that says:
Salmon's Daily Brook, May 1, 1984. Salmon's Daily Brook was named by the Milltown Association to honor the Salmons family who have lived for several generations or more on a farm through which this brook flows.


Habitats:

Seasonal streams and other wetlands, upland woods, and rocky outcroppings.


Trails:

There are two loop walks, one marked with red plastic circles and the other marked with yellow plastic circles.

Following the red circle trail, cross over the wetlands on a boardwalk (but when I was there the wetlands were dry); through a stone wall; through another stone wall then come to a choice of red or yellow trail. Decided to pass by the yellow trail and stay on the red. Ascending, then through another stone wall, turn right, and come to another choice of trails. This time to took the yellow trail heading slightly northeast along the stonewall. Red cedar trees on a small ridge on my left. Notice there are way too many Japanese barberry plants here. The yellow trail forms a loop and returns to the main red trail entranceway by the first encounter with the yellow trail.

Decided to go back to my second choice of two trails and take the red trail heading northwest. Pass by the sign for campsite #1; come to a tiny plank bridge; come to some rock outcrops (the view from here is of the surrounding houses). The red trail returns to the point where I started (by the second choice of red or yellow trails).


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney, 11/04/02
* = in bloom


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Juglans cinerea (butternut hickory) in here
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Ostrya virginiana (American hop hornbeam)
Populus grandifolia (big-tooth aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Chimaphila maculata (striped wintergreen)
Chimaphila umbellata (spotted pipsissewa) in here they say
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel) *
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Pachysandra terminalis (pachysandra)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Rubus sp. (dewberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple leaf viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis sp. (Grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Cardamine pratensis (cuckoo flower) ?
Chelidonium majus (celandine)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Fragaria virginiana (strawberry)
Galium spp. (bedstraw)
Geranium maculatum? (wild geranium)?
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Solidago rugosa (rough-leaved goldenrod)
Stellaria pubera (star chickweed) *
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Trifolium pratense (red clover)
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain)
(a water plant - not mud plantain -- more like watercress but not quite)

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora
Carex pensylvanica
Carex stricta

Grasses:
Elymus sp. (not virginicus) (wild rye grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Phleum pratense (reed canary grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Lycopodium sp. (club moss)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal wood fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)