White Pond MUA
Rte 301 & Farmers Mill Road, Kent, Putnam County, New York
 276 acres


Directions:

Take the Taconic State Parkway to the exit for Carmel.  Take Route 301 northeast.  Where Rt 301 turns right (southeast), keep going straight heading on Farmers Mills Road (Route 42) to a left turn onto White Pond Road.  Park in the parking areas near the lake.  


Pond, hardwood forest. Fishing. No hunting or camping. Boat launch. Looking north from the parking area, Money Ledge is on the left (at one time cleared for agriculture) and Stormville Mountain is in the back, center.


History:

"Sitting at an important junction on the Phillipstown Pike was the village of Farmer's Mills. Water was used from White Pond as a source of energy to make this hamlet one of the most important inland towns in the region. It was a central point for processing and milling the abundant grain from farms in the area and as far away as Litchfield, Connecticut. Grains gathered from farmers to our west were processed, ground and packaged for shipment through Cold Spring. It was not until the railroad came to Brewster (along with the creation of the Boyd's Corners Reservoir) that Farmer's Mills fell into decline. All that is left of this town today is the sluice from White Pond, a one room schoolhouse, some cemeteries and old foundations one might find while hiking in our woods."

Kent's History:  http://www.townofkent.org/history/history.htm#colonial


Trails:

You can't really walk all the way around White Pond because much of it is closely bordered by White Pond Road. But you can go counter clockwise around 1/4 or 1/3 of the area. Near the hemlock-mountain laurel-Canada mayflower forest there is a yellow marked trail (State of New York, Environmental Conservation). The trail just simply stops apparently and you have to turn around and go back the way you came unless you want to bushwhack.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney, Dr. William F. Standaert
Dates indicate when plants found in bloom.


Trees:
Acer nigrum (black maple)
Acer pensylvanicum (goosefoot maple)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula papyrifera (white birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Picea abies (Norway spruce) - a virtual hedge of them
Prunus serotina (black cherry) 5/09/01
Pyrus malus (apple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)?
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Salix nigra (black willow)?
Salix sp. (willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) 5/09/01
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush) 7/21/01 8/03/00
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush) 8/03/00
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaved dogwood)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)
Corylus cornuta (beaked hazel)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spice bush) 5/09/01waning
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle) 5/09/01soon
Mitchella repens (partridge berry)
Prunus virginiana (choke cherry)
Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pinxter flower)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea) 7/21/01
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Ribes sativum (garden gooseberry) 5/09/01waning
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus alleghaniensis (common blackberry)
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet) 7/21/01 8/03/00
Staphylea trifolia (American bladdernut)
Vaccinium corymbosum (high bush blueberry) 5/09/01
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry) 5/09/01
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaved viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum var. dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelain berry)
Apios americana (ground nut)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Clematis virginiana (virgin's bower)
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax herbacea var. herbacea (smooth carrion flower)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 7/21/01
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vinca minor (periwinkle)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Actaea alba (doll's eyes)
Aethusa cynapium (fool's parsley) 7/21/01
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/09/01 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Allium vineale (field garlic) 7/11/96 7/21/01
Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane) 7/11/99 7/21/01 8/03/00
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium minus (common burdock) 7/21/01
Arisaema triphyllum (jack in the pulpit) 5/09/01
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) 7/21/01 waning
Aster lanceolatus var. simplex (panicled aster)
Aster puniceus (purple-stemmed aster)
Aster schreberi or A. macrophylla (Schreber's aster or big-leaved aster)?
Aster umbellatus (tall flat-topped white aster)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/09/01
Bidens sp. (beggar ticks) the trifoliate one
Centaurea jacea hybrid (brown knapweed) 7/21/01
Chelidonium majus (celandine) 7/21/01 8/03/00
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen) 7/21/01
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 7/11/96 8/03/00
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 7/11/96 on highway 7/21/01
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 7/21/01 8/03/00
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 7/11/96
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 7/11/96 on highway
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Daucus carota (queen Anne's lace) 7/21/01 8/03/00
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Elodea nuttallii (Nuttall's waterweed)
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine orchid) 7/21/01
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Eupatorium maculatum (spotted joe-pye-weed) 8/03/00
Eupatorium perforatum (boneset) 7/21/01
Eupatorium purpureum (sweet-scented joe-pye-weed)
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot) 8/03/00
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) 8/03/00
Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry) 5/09/01
Galium circaezaes (wild licorice)
Galium mollugo (wild madder) 7/21/01 8/03/00
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/09/01
Geum canadense (white avens)
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground) 5/09/01
Goodyera pubescens (downy rattlesnake plantain)
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny day lily) 7/11/96 on highway 7/21/01
Hieracium caespitosum (king devil hawkweed) 7/11/96 7/21/01
Hieracium sp. (hawkweed) 7/11/96
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 7/11/96 7/21/01
Hypericum punctatum (spotted St. Johnswort) 7/21/01
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Iris versicolor (blue flag)
Lactuca canadensis (wild lettuce) 7/21/01
Lemna minor (common duckweed)
Leonurus cardiaca (nipplewort) 7/21/01
Lepidium campestre (field peppergrass)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs) 7/21/01 8/03/00
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco) 7/21/01 8/03/00
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Ludwigia palustris (common water purslane)
Lycopus sp. (water horehound)
Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife) 7/21/01
Lysimachia palustris (marsh purslane)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Lysimachia terrestris (swamp candles) 7/11/96 7/21/01
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 5/09/01soon
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber root)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 7/21/01
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 7/21/01
Mentha arvensis (field mint) 7/21/01
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe) 7/21/01
Myosotis laxa (smaller forget me nots) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Myosotis scorpioides (forget-me-nots) 7/21/01
Myriophyllum spicatum (European water milfoil)
Nuphar variegata (spatterdock) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Osmorhiza claytonii (sweet cicely)
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 7/21/01
Plantago major (common plantain) 7/21/01 near
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal) 5/09/01
Polygonum sp. (knotweed) 7/11/96
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose knotweed) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Polygonum hydropiperoides (mild pepper smartweed) 7/21/01 8/03/00
Portulaca oleracea (common purslane)
Potamogeton crispus (curly pondweed)
Potamogeton pusillus (slender pondweed)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 5/09/01
Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil) 7/21/01
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 7/21/01
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prenanthes altissima (tall lettuce)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf buttercup) 5/09/01
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Ranunculus repens (creeping buttercup) 7/21/01
Rubus flagellaris (common dewberry)
Rumex acetosella (field sorrel)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil) 7/21/01
Sedum sp. (garden sedum)
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 7/11/96 7/21/01
Sisymbrium officinale (hedge mustard) 7/11/96
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 7/11/96 7/21/01 8/03/00
Solidago caesia (blue-stem goldenrod)
Solidago canadensis var. scabra (Canada goldenrod)
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod) 7/21/01 near
Solidago odorata (sweet-scented goldenrod) 8/03/00
Solidago rugosa ssp. r. var. rugosa (rough goldenrod)
Sparganium sp. (burreed)
Spirodela polyrhiza (greater duckweed)
Symplocarpus foetidus (swamp cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 5/09/01
Thalictrum dioicum (early meadowrue)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue) 7/21/01
Trientalis borealis (star flower) 5/09/01
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 7/21/01
Trifolium repens (white clover) 7/11/96
Tussilago farfara (colts foot) 5/09/01
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort) 5/09/01
Vallisneria americana (water celery)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 7/11/96
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 7/21/01 8/03/00
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) 7/21/01
Vicia cracca (cow vetch) 7/11/96 on highway
Viola sororia (common blue violet)
Zizia aurea (golden Alexanders)
(Lycopus looking species but with entire leaves) 8/03/00

Rushes:
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 5/09/01

Sedges:
Carex digitalis (slender woodland sedge)
Carex gynandra (sedge)
Carex laxiflora type (loose-flowered sedge)
Carex lurida (sallow sedge)
Carex ovales type (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 5/09/01waning
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea var. vulpinoidea (sack sedge)
Cladium mariscoides (twig rush)
Eleocharis ovata (ovate spikerush)
Eleocharis sp. (spike rush)
Scirpus atrovirens var. atrovirens (dark green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (wooly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Agrostis gigantea (red top grass) 7/21/01
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) 5/09/01
Bromus inermis (smooth brome grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Elytrigia repens (quack grass)
Festuca pratensis (tall fescue grass)
Glyceria striata (fowl mannagrass)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cutgrass)
Lolium perenne (English rye grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue panic grass)
Panicum dichotomiflorum (spreading panic grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass) 5/09/01
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)
Tridens flavus (purpletop grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Lycopodium digitatum (ground cedar clubmoss)
Lycopodium obscurum (ground pine clubmoss)
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris carthusiana (spinulose woodfern)
Dryopteris intermedia (fancy woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern) lots
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polypodium virginianum (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)