TURKEY MOUNTAIN
Yorktown, Westchester County, NY
124 acres


Directions:

The east side of NY 118, 0.9 miles north of NY 129 or 1.7 miles south of Underhill Avenue in Yorktown Heights. Peter Pratt's Inn is across from the intersection.


Geology:

This is the highest point in Westchester County, which really is not that tall (831 feet). You cannot see that far considering that it is the highest point. You can see the Taconic Parkway and Croton Reservoir clearly.

2/5/01 A planned development at French Hills in the Unherhill Avenue area is planned.


Habitats:

Turkey Mountain and vicinity.  The Turkey Mountain BPU covers 1,000 acres and is bounded to the east by Highway 118 and to the west by the Taconic State Parkway and Underhill Avenue. It contains a variety of species, including gray treefrogs, wood frogs, black rat snakes, barred owls, pileated woodpeckers, yellow-throated vireos, ovenbirds, black-throated green warblers, and others."

Source: Croton to Highlands Biodiversity Plan; http://www.wcs.org/media/file/CHBP_lo-res.pdf. or

http://216.239.39.104/search?q=cache:htHJwgl1qHoJ:www.wcs.org/media/file/CHBP_lo-res.pdf+%22Croton+to+Highlands+Biodiversity+Plan%22&hl=en


Trails:

The hiker can go up the blue trail and come down the white trail. The direct ascent is semi-steep but only takes about a half hour or so to climb.



PLANT LIST
Dr. Patrick Louis Cooney


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush) 4/25/95
Aralia spinosa (Hercules' club)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Catalpa bignonioides (southern catalpa)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/24/95
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Magnolia acuminata (cucumber magnolia)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Populus grandidentata (big-toothed aspen)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus ilicifolia (bear oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) 5/24/95
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus) 5/24/95
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel) 6/8/94 6/22/94
Lindera benzoin (spicebush) 4/25/95
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle) 5/23/93 5/24/95
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Rhamnus sp. (buckthorn) 5/23/93 7/5/95
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pink azalea) 5/23/93
Rosa caroliniana (carolina rose) 7/05/95
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus alleghaniensis (common blackberry) 5/23/93
Spiraea alba v. latifolia (meadowsweet)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry) 5/23/93 6/08/94 waning
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Rubus sp. (dewberry)
Smilax glauca (sawbrier)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)
Wisteria sp. (wisteria)

Herbs:
Actaea alba (doll's eyes)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/23/93
Althaea rosea (hollyhock)
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone)
Apocynum sp. (dogbane)
Aquilegia canadensis (columbine)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium minus (common burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack in the pulpit)
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Chelone glabra (white turtlehead)
Comandra umbellata (bastard toadflax) 5/23/93
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower)
Corydalis sempervirens (pale corydalis) 6/08/94 7/27/94
Cypripedium acaule (pink lady's slipper)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Fragaria vesca (wood strawberry)
Galium sp. (cleavers)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Helianthemum canadense (frostweed) 6/8/94
Hieracium caespitosum (field hawkweed) 6/22/94
Hieracium piloselloides (smooth hawkweed) 6/8/94 7/27/94
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake hawkweed) 5/23/93 6/8/94 6/22/94
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 6/22/94 7/5/95
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass) 5/23/93 7/27/94
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Krigia virginica (one-flowered Cynthia)
Lechea sp. (pinweed) 7/27/94
Lespedeza hirta (hairy bush clover)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 5/23/93
Medeola virginiana (Indian cucumber root)
Melampyrum lineare (cowwheat) 7/05/95
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)
Orchis spectabilis (showy orchis)
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonatum biflorum (smooth Solomon's seal)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 5/23/93 6/8/94
Prenanthes sp. (lettuce)
Prunus serotina (black cherry) 5/23/93
Ranunculus spp. (buttercup)
Rumex acetosella (field sorrel)
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (blue-eyed grass)
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle) 6/22/94
Stellaria media (common stitchwort)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion)
Tephrosia virginiana (goat's rue) 6/22/94
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)
Trifolium repens (white clover)
Trillium erectum (red trillium) 4/25/95
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus looking glass)
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) 6/8/94
Veronica serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell)
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 4/25/95 5/23/93

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/25/95
Carex scoparia type
Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Grasses:
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Danthonia spicata (poverty grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum sp. (panic grass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Adiantum pedatum (Northern maidenhair fern)
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Athyrium filix-femina (lady glade-fern)
Athyrium filix-femina f. rubellum (red-stiped n. lady glade-fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hayscented fern)
Dryopteris cristata (crested fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal wood fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Polypodium sp. (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Thelypteris hexagonoptera (southern beech fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris phegopteris (long beech fern)

Others:
Cladonia cristatella (British soldiers lichen)