SAXON WOODS COUNTY PARK

New Rochelle, Westchester County, New York

Acres: 700


Directions:

0 Sprain Brook Parkway, Jackson Avenue
4.7 US Rt 287
6.0 exit 5
7.0 exit 6 - Route 22
8.4 exit 8w
8.5 exit 8e -- SUNY at Purchase
9.6 exit 9 Rt 684
10.4 a. s.
11.1 Hutchinson River Parkway South
11.7 exit 25
13.2 exit 23 n
13.3 exit 23s
13.8 yield sign
14.2 turn in on right; go up hill to parking lot


History:

The name was originally Saxton from a William Saxton who operated a saw mill on the west branch of the Mamaroneck River. In colonial times the area was known as Saxton Forest. Local usage became Saxon Woods and that name was adopted by the Parks Commission for the park. Acquired in 1925, the park was maintained as a woodland until 1931 when an 18-hole golf course, designed by Tom Winton, was opened to the public. Clinton F. Lloyd designed the clubhouse and pro shop (in addition to many other structures in the park system).


Activities:

Playground, swimming, picnicking, hiking/walking, horse trails, fishing, nature study, mini golf, cross-country skiing, refreshments, wheelchair accessible.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Edward Frankel and Dr. Patrick Cooney


Trees:
Acer negundo (box elder)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple) 4/15
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple) 4/24
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven) 6/22
Betula lenta (black birch) 4/24
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory) 4/24
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory) 5/27
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory) 4/24
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 4/24 5/10
Fagus grandifolia (American beech) 4/24
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus nigra (black ash) 4/24
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Ilex opaca (American holly)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum) 4/24
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree) 4/24
Malus sp. (crab apple) 5/10
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Ostrya virginiana (hop hornbeam)
Paulownia tomentosa (empress tree) 5/15
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Pinus virginiana (Virginia pine)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood) snowing on 5/27
Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry) 5/27
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak) 4/24
Quercus velutina (black oak) 4/24
Rhus copallina (smooth sumac)
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust) 5/27
Salix babylonica (weeping willow)
Salix caprea (goat willow) 4/15 4/24 in fruit
Salix nigra (black willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras) 4/24
Sorbus americana (mountain ash)
Taxus canadensis (yew)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)
Ulmus rubus (slippery elm)

Shrubs:
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Aronia arbutifolia (red chokeberry) 5/10 5/15
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) 4/24 5/10
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush) 8/3/95 8/13/95
Cornus amomum (silky dogwood) 6/22
Cornus kousa (kousa dogwood) 5/27 6/22 7/3/95
Cornus mas (Cornelian cherry dogwood) 4/15 petals dropped
Corylus americana (American hazelnut)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus) 5/10 5/27
Forsythia sp. (forsythia)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly) 6/22
Ligustrum sp. (privet) 6/22
Lindera benzoin (spicebush) 4/15 4/24
Lonicera sp. (honeysuckle) - white hor. sp. honeysuckle
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pinxter flower) 4/24 5/10 5/15 5/27
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea) 7/3
Rhodotypos scandens (jetbead) 5/10
Rosa carolina (pasture rose) 7/2
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus alleghaniensis (common blackberry)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry raspberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry) 6/22
Staphylea trifolia (American bladdernut) 4/24 5/10
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry) 5/15
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry) 4/24 5/10
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum v. lucidum (arrowwood viburnum) 512
Viburnum plicatum (double-file viburnum) 5/15 5/27
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 5/15

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelain berry)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet) 5/27
Cuscuta sp. (dodder) 9/6/95
Humulus lupulus (common hop) 9/6/95
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) 6/22 7/2
Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat)
Smilax glauca (sawbrier greenbrier)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape) 6/22
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)5/27 6/22
Actaea alba (doll's eyes) 5/27
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/10 5/27
Allium tricoccum (wild leek) 7/3 soon to bloom, no lvs.
Allium vineale (field garlic) 6/22
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 549 9/6/95
Amorpha fruticosa (false indigo)
Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone) 4/24
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone) 4/24 5/10
Antennaria neodioica (smaller pussytoes)
Antennaria sp. (pussy-toes) 4/24
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp) 6/22
Arabis canadensis (sicklepod)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla) 4/24 5/10
Arctium lappa (great burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia annua (annual wormwood)
Artemisia campestris (tall wormwood)
Artemesia vulgaris (common mugwort) 8/13/95 9/6/95
Asarum canadense (wild ginger)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) 6/22
Aster cordifolius (heart-leaved aster) 10/2/96
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 8/13/95 9/06/95
Aster ericoides (many flowered aster) 10/2/96
Aster lowrieanus (Lowrie's aster) 10/2/96
Aster pilosus (heath aster) 9/06/95
Aster sagitifolius (arrow-leaved aster) 8/3/95
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 4/24 5/10 5/27
Bidens cernua (nodding bur marigold) 9/6/95
Bidens connata (swamp beggar ticks) 9/6/95
Bidens coronata (tickseed beggar ticks)
Bidens frondosa (beggar ticks)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle) 8/3/95 8/13/95
Cardamine parviflora (small-flowered bittercress) 4/15
Cardamine sp. (bittercress) 4/24
Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh) 4/24 5/15
Centaurea jacea (brown knapweed) 6/22
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed) 5/10
Chelidonium majus (celandine) 4/24 7/2
Chenopodium album (pigweed) 9/6/95 10/02/96
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 6/22 7/2
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 6/22 8/13/95 9/6/95
Cimicifuga racemosa (bugbane)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 6/22 7/2/95
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle) 6/22 7/2/95
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) 7/19
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty) 5/10
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm) 8/13/95
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 7/2
Conyza canadensis (horseweed) 8/13/95 9/6/95
Coronilla varia (crown vetch) 6/22 10/2/96
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort) 6/22
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 8/13/95
Dentaria laciniata (cut-leaved toothwort) 4/24 5/10
Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick trefoil)
Dianthus armeria (deptford pink) 6/22
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's breeches)
Epifagus virginiana (beechdrops)
Epilobium coloratum (purple-leaved willow herb) 6/9/95 8/13/95
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine orchid)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 6/22 8/13/95
Erythronium americanum (trout lily) 4/15 4/24
Eupatorium album var. album (white boneset) 9/6/95
Eupatorium fistulosum (trumpetweed)
Eupatorium maculatum (spotted Joe-Pye-weed) 8/13/95
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset)
Eupatorium purpureum (sweet-scented Joe-Pye-weed) 8/13/95
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot) 9/6/95
Euphorbia esula (leafy spurge) 5/27 6/22
Euphorbia maculata (milk purslane) 7/2 9/6/95
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) 8/13/95 9/06/95
Galinsoga quadriradiata (galinsoga) 7/2
Galium mollugo (wild madder) 6/22
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/10 5/15 5/27
Geranium molle (dove's foot cranesbill) 9/6/95
Geum canadense (white avens) 7/2
Glechoma hederacea (gill-over-the-ground) 4/24
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting)
Helianthus strumosus (pale-leaved sunflower) 8/13/95 9/06/95
Hemerocallis fulva (tawny day lily) 7/2/95
Hesperis matronalis (dame's rocket) 6/22
Hieracium paniculatum (panicled hawkweed) 8/13/95
Hieracium caespitosum (field hawkweed) 5/27 6/22
Hydrophyllum macrophyllum (large-leaved waterleaf) 5/27
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 6/22
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow-star grass) 5/15 5/27
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) 7/2
Iris pseudacorus (yellow flag iris) 5/27
Lactuca sp. (lettuce)
Lactuca scariola (prickly lettuce)
Laportea canadensis (wood nettle)
Lapsana communis (nipplewort) 7/2 8/13/95
Lemna sp. (duckweed)
Lepidium virginicum (wild peppergrass) 5/27
Linaria vulgaris (butter-and-eggs) 6/22
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco lobelia) 8/13/95
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 5/27 10/2/96
Ludwigia palustris (water purslane)
Lycopus americanus (water horehound)
Lycopus virginicus (Virginia bugleweed)
Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife) 7/2/95
Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort) 7/3
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Lysimachia terrestris (swamp candle) 7/2/95
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 6/22 7/2
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 4/24 5/10 5/15 5/27
Matricaria matricarioides (pineapple weed) 6/22
Matricaria recutita (wild chamomile) 7/2
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 6/22
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover) 7/2
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 7/19
Mimulus alatus (winged monkey flower) 7/19
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe) 8/3/95
Myosotis scorpioides (forget-me-not) 6/22
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose) 8/13/95
Ornithogalum umbellatum (star of Bethlehem) 5/15 5/27
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel) 5/27 6/22
Paronychia canadensis (forked chickweed)
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Penstemmon digitalis (white beard-tongue) 6/22
Penthorum sedoides (ditch stonecrop) 7/19 9/6/95
Phytolacca americana (pokeberry) 6/22 7/2
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago aristata (bracted plantain) 7/2
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 5/27
Plantago major (common plantain) 7/2
Polygonatum biflorum (Solomon's seal) 4/24 5/10 5/15 5/27
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 6/22
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed) 7/19
Polygonum hydropiperoides (mild water pepper knotweed) 6/22
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding smartweed) 8/3/95
Polygonum pensylvanicum (Pennsylvania smartweed) 9/6/95
Polygonum persicaria (lady's thumb knotweed) 8/13/95
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb) 9/6/95
Polygonum virginianum (Virginia knotweed) 8/3/95
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 4/24 5/10
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 6/22 10/2/96
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 5/27
Prenanthes sp. (lettuce)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 7/2 8/3/95 8/13/95
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leafed buttercup) 4/24 5/10
Ranunculus ficaria (lesser celandine) 4/15
Ranunculus hispidus (hispid buttercup)
Rudbeckia laciniata (green-headed coneflower) 8/3/95
Rudbeckia hirta v. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan) 7/2 8/13/95
Rumex acetosella (field sorrel)5/15 5/27
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock) 6/22
Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet)
Saxifraga virginiensis (early saxifrage)
Scutellaria lateriflora (maddog skullcap) 7/19
Sedum acre (mossy stonecrop)
Sedum purpureum (live forever)
Silene latifolia (white campion) 6/22
Silene stellata (starry campion) 8/3/95 8/13/95
Sisyrinchium montanum var. crebrum (blue-eyed grass) 5/27
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal) 5/10, almost 5/27
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle) 7/2
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 6/22
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade) 9/6/95
Solanum rostratum (buffalo bur) 403 7/2
Solidago bicolor (silverrod goldenrod) 10/2/96
Solidago caesia (bluestem goldenrod) 10/2/96
Solidago canadensis v. altissima (tall goldenrod) 9/06/95
Solidago canadensis (Canada goldenrod) 9/06/95
Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod) 10/2/96
Solidago gigantea (late goldenrod) 8/13/95
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod) 8/03/95
Solidago rugosa (rough-stemmed goldenrod) 10/2/96
Sparganium eurycarpum (great bur reed) 7/3
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 4/15 5/10 5/27 6/22
Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue) 4/24
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadow rue)
Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trifolium aureum (yellow clover) 7/2
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 5/27 6/22 8/13/95
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/22
Tussilago farfara (colt's foot)
Urtica dioica (stinging nettle) 6/22 7/2
Urtica dioica var. procera (tall nettle) 7/2 8/13/95
Veratrum viride (false hellebore) 4/24
Verbascum blattaria (moth mullein) 6/22
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 6/22
Verbena hastata (blue vervain)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 7/19 8/13/95
Veronica arvensis (corn speedwell) 5/27
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) 6/22
Veronica peregrina (purslane speedwell) 5/27
Veronica serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell) 5/27
Vicia cracca (cow vetch) 6/22
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 4/15 5/10

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex laxiflora (loose flowered sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/24
Carex stipata ? sedge
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Cyperus strigosus (umbrella sedge)
Juncus effusus (soft rush) 7/2/95
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 4/24
Scirpus cyperinus (wool grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Agrostis gigantea (redtop grass)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) 5/10
Bromus inermis (Hungarian brome grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass) 5/27 6/22
Digitaria sanguinalis (crab grass) 8/3/95
Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)
Eleusine indica (goose grass)
Festuca sp. (wire grass)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cutgrass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Muhlenbergia schreberi (nimblewill muhly grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue panic grass)
Panicum sp. (panic grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass)
Poa pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass) 5/27
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Setaria viridis (green foxtail grass) 8/3/95
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail) 4/24 vegetative condition
Adiantum pedatum (maidenhair fern)
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Athyrium filix-femina f. rubella (red-stiped lady fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal wood fern)
Dryopteris cristata (crested wood fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polypodium vulgare (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)

Other:
Marchantia sp.? (liverwort)
Riccia sp. (algae)
Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum moss)


SAXON WOODS
May 17, 1930

On the walk of the Torrey Botanical Club, on May 17 through Saxon Woods in New Rochelle, there were only eleven members, but the weather was fine, and the spring flowers were at their height, so that we had a very nice time.

There are a number of rocky ridges running through the part of the woods we visited, with swampy low lands between. This gives a variety of ecological conditions and a correspondingly varied flora, with Aquilegia and some Polypodium on the rocks, Azaleas and Vaccinium on the slopes, and Osmundas and Symplocarpus in the swamps. In one of these there was quite a little Sphagnum, and in another, not so wet, a nice stand of Senecio aureua. The azaleas were very abundant and made a lovely show. I chanced to return to the same region on a private excursion on the following day and discovered, not far from where I had led the others. Corydalis sempervirens, but I did not see it on the Torrey walk. One surprise of the trip was to find a few timothy plants in full bloom, fully a month ahead of their time.

Harold H. Clum