PINECLIFF SANCTUARY
Pinecliff Road, Chappaqua, Westchester County, NY 
7 acres


Directions:

From Chappaqua, Route 120, exit from Saw Mill River Parkway, take Route 120 (Quaker Street) north, away from Chappaqua, to 4th right hand road which is marked "Pinecliff Road, Ridge Drive, Williams Lane". Continue straight down Pinecliff Road until it ends at sanctuary entrance. Park in front of sanctuary being careful not to block parking lot entrance or nearby residential driveways.


History:

The sanctuary  was donated by the Stern and Arleo families to the New Castle Land Conservancy in 1969 which merged with the Saw Mill River Audubon Society in 1975.


Habitats:

Red maple swamp and small open marsh surrounded by upland deciduous woodland.


Trails:

Wheelchair accessible parking area and 1/4 mile boardwalk loop with illustrated trail signs.

The unmarked Entrance Path leads between two ponds, one open and one almost a swamp with many trees.  The open pond supports a wide variety of water life including many species of frogs, toads, & salamanders.  

The Ridge Walk, marked with white and formerly the red trail, winds over and around the small hills & hollows in the sanctuary and just over its border on the Saw Mill River Parkway land.  There is a handsome rock formation at the top of northern most hill made up of gneiss rock, folded and squished together.

The Swamp Loop, marked with yellow and formerly the blue trail, continues on the edge of the swamp from the entrance path and also ascends the small hillsides bordering the sanctuary offering a good view down inside the swamp.  This trail also offers access to the Ridge Trail that runs along the parkway land for about a mile to Roaring Brook Road. Spring flowers such as ginger, blue cohosh and trillium are seen along this trail.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick Cooney


Trees:
Acer japonica (Japanese red maple)
Acer negundo (boxelder maple)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Elaeagnus sp. (olive)?
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Salix discolor (pussy willow) 4/24/95 5/9/95
Salix sp. (willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras) 5/05/00
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) 5/9/95
Cephalanthus occidentalis (buttonbush)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Cornus racemosa (gray-stemmed dogwood)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Forsythia sp. (golden bells) 4/24/95 4/29/93
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush) 4/24/95 4/29/93
Lonicera sp. (honeysuckle)
Lonicera morrowii (morrow's honeysuckle) 5/24/95
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora Rose)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry) 5/05/00 5/09/95 5/24/95
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum lentago (nannyberry viburnum)
Viburnum plicatum? (double-file viburnum)?
Vinca minor (periwinkle) 4/24/95 5/05/00 5/16/95

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Hedera helix (English ivy)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis sp. (grape vine)

Herbs:
Actaea alba (white baneberry)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 4/24/95 5/24/95
Allium tricoccum (wild leek)
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Arisaema triphyllum jack-in-the-pulpit 5/9/95 5/16/95
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Aster novae-angliae (New England Aster)
Aster sp. panicled aster?
Bidens sp. some type of Bidens in the water
Bidens sp. (beggar ticks)
Caltha palustris (marsh marigold) 5/06/00
Chelidonium majus (celandine) 5/05/00 5/9/95 5/24/95
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade)
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty) 5/05/00
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm)
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Duchesnea indica (Indian strawberry) 5/24/95
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset)
Euphorbia sp. (some type of hort. leafy spurge) 5/05/00
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Fragaria vesca (wood strawberry)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/16/95
Glechoma hederacea (gill-over-the-ground) 4/24/95 5/16/95
Hibiscus moscheutos (swamp rose mallow)?
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Iris pseudacorus (yellow flag iris) 5/24/95
Lemna sp. (duckweed)
Lycopus sp. (water horehound)
Lysimachia verticillata (whorled loosestrife)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 8/30/93
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower) 5/16/95 5/24/95
Ornithogallum umbellatum (star-of-Bethlehem) 6/2/94
Osmorhiza claytonii (sweet cicely)
Pachysandra terminalis (pachysandra) 4/24/95 4/29/93 mass of it
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple)
Polygonatum biflorum (true Solomon's seal) 5/24/95
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed) 8/30/93
Polygonum virginianum (Virginia knotweed)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 5/05/00
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf crowfoot) 5/9/95 5/16/95
Ranunculus hispidus (hispid buttercup) 5/16/95 5/24/95
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal) 5/24/95
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod)
Solidago sp. (goldenrod)
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadow sweet)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Thalictrum sp. (meadow rue) 4/24/95
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trillium sp. (white trillium) color variety of red trillium 4/24/95
Trillium erectum (red trillium) 5/06/00
Viola cucullata (marsh blue violet) 5/05/00 5/16/95 5/24/95
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 4/24/95 5/05/00 5/09/95
Viola sp. (confederate violet) 5/09/95

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex laxiflora 5/9/95
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/24/95 5/05/00 5/16/95
Carex stricta (tussock sedge) 4/24/95 5/16/95
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Tridens flavus (purpletop, grease grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Athyrium filix-femina (lady fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)

Others:
Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum moss)