MOUNTAIN LAKES PARK

Hawley Road, North Salem/Lewisboro, Westchester County, NY

Acres:1083


Directions:

Interstate 684 to exit 6 (Katonah/Cross River.) Route 35 east to Route 121 and turn left. Follow this to Grant's corners. Turn right onto Hawley Road. The entrance is 2 miles on the left.


History:

Date Acquired:1961

Background:

Named for the four lakes it encompasses.

Mountain Lakes Camp is part of a tract of land, called Ridgefield, that was originally settled by twenty-five men from Norwalk, Connecticut. The majority of the camp lands was purchased in 1727 from the Long Pond Indians of the Tankiteke Sachemdom of the Wappinger tribe.


Facilities:

Picnicking, hiking/walking, ice skating, swimming, camping, fishing, cross-country skiing, nature study, wheelchair accessible.

Boating available (with Park Pass $5.00 per hour; without pass $6.00 per hour)


Habitats:

five lakes; beginnings of Crook Brook


PLANT LIST:

Carol Levine/Dr. William Standaert/Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum var. saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Carpinus caroliniana var. virginiana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Picea abies (Norway spruce)
Pinus strobus (eastern white pine)
Prunus serotina (wild black cherry)
Populus deltoides var. deltoides (cottonwood)
Populus grandidentata (large-toothed aspen)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush) 8/2/94
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Lonicera sp. (honeysuckle)
Lyonia ligustrina (maleberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry)
Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum (arrowwood viburnum)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans var. radicans (poison ivy)

Herbs:
Acalypha rhomboidea (three-seeded mercury)
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) -- 8/2/94
Agalinis tenuifolia (common agalina) 9/11/99
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 9/11/99
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Arabis laevigata var. laevigata (rock cress)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort) 9/11/99
Aster divaricatus var. divaricatus (white wood aster) 9/11/99
Aster pilosus var. pringlei (aster) 9/11/99
Barbarea vulgaris (common winter cress)
Bidens connata (beggar ticks) 9/11/99
Bidens discoidea (beggar ticks) 9/11/99
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Callitriche heterophylla (water starwort)
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed) -- 8/2/94
Chenopodium album (pigweed) 9/11/99
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 8/2/94
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) 8/2/94
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower)
Conyza canadensis var. canadensis (horseweed) 9/11/99
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 8/2/94
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 8/2/94
Elodea nuttallii (water weed)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort) 9/11/99
Erigeron sp. (fleabane) 8/2/94
Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge) 9/11/99
Euphorbia vermiculata (hairy spurge) 9/11/99
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)
Galium sp. (bedstraw)
Goodyera pubescens (downy rattlesnake plantain)
Hedeoma pulegioides (American pennyroyal) 9/11/99
Hepatica americana (round-lobed hepatica)
Hieracium caespitosum (field hawkweed) 8/2/94
Hieracium paniculatum (panicled hawkweed) 9/11/99
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake weed)
Hypericum mutilum (dwarf St. Johnswort) 8/2/94 9/11/99
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow stargrass) 8/2/94
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) -- 8/2/94 9/11/99
Iris versicolor (blue flag iris)
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper)
Lespedeza repens (bush clover)
Linaria vulgaris (butter-and-eggs) 8/2/94
Lindernia dubia var. dubia (false pimpernel) 9/11/99
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco lobelia) 8/2/94
Ludwigia palustris (common water purslane)
Lycopus sp. (water horehound)
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 8/2/94
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Mimulus ringens (monkey flower) 8/2/94
Mitchella repens (partridge berry)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel) 9/11/99
Penthorum sedoides (ditch stonecrop)
Phellodendron sp. (cork tree)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Pilea pumila var. pumila (clearweed) 9/11/99
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonum arenastrum (common knotweed)
Polygonum cespitosum var. longisetum (cespitose smartweed) 9/11/99
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding smartweed) 9/11/99
Polygonum punctatum var. confertiflorum (dotted smartweed) 9/11/99
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb) 9/11/99
Polygonum scandens var. scandens (climbing false buckwheat)
Potamogeton sp. (pond weed)
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 8/2/94
Potentilla sp. (simplex?) (common cinquefoil)
Potentilla sp. (argentea?) (silvery cinquefoil) 9/11/99
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 8/2/94
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium (narrow-leaved mountain mint) 8/2/94
Scutellaria lateriflora (mad-dog skullcap) 8/2/94 9/11/99
Solidago sp. (caesia?) (Blue-stem goldenrod) 9/11/99
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 9/11/99
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trientalis borealis (star flower)
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot)
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 8/02/94
Viola sagittata (arrowhead violet)

Rushes and Sedges:
Carex crinita (long-haired sack sedge)
Carex intumescens (sedge)
Carex lupuliformis (sedge)
Carex lurida (sedge)
Carex lurida (sallow sack sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex sp. (laxiflora?) (sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Cyperus strigosus (strigose nutsedge)
Dulichium arundinaceum (three-way sedge)
Juncus acuminatus (rush)
Juncus effusus var. solutus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis var. tenuis (path rush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Agrostis perennans (autumn bent grass)
Bromus pubescens (brome grass)
Digitaria sanguinalis (crab grass)
Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)
Echinochloa muricata var. muricata (barnyard grass)
Elymus hystrix (bottlebrush grass)
Leersia virginica (white grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Muhlenbergia sobolifera (muhly grass)
Panicum capillare (witch grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem grass)
Setaria faberi (nodding foxtail grass)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Setaria viridis var. viridis (green foxtail grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Lycopodium obscurum (flat-branched tree clubmoss)
Adiantum pedatum ssp. pedatum (northern maidenhair fern)
Athyrium filix-femina var. michauxii (northern lady fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal wood fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis (royal fern)
Polypodium virginianum (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)


Mountain Lakes, North Salem/Lewisboro, Westchester County, September 11, 1999.


On a warm, clear day the group of field botanists visited Mountain Lakes Park in Westchester County. Blooming along Spruce Lake were Bidens connata (beggar ticks) and B. discoidea (beggar ticks), Hedeoma pulegioides (American pennyroyal), Hypericum mutilum (dwarf St. Johnswort), Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed), Lindernia dubia var. dubia (false pimpernel), Penthorum sedoides (ditch stonecrop), Pilea pumila (clearweed), Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed), P. lapathifolium (nodding smartweed), P. punctatum (dotted smartweed), and P. sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb), and Scutellaria lateriflora (mad-dog skullcap).

Not blooming along the lake were such species as Acalypha rhomboidea (three-seeded mercury), Callitriche heterophylla (water starwort), Carex intumescens (sedge), C. lupuliformis (sedge), C. lurida (sedge), and Carex stricta (tussock sedge), Dulichium arundinaceum (three-way sedge), Elodea nuttallii (water weed), and Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort).

Blooming at the road to and on top of look out point was Agalinis tenuifolia (common agalina), Goodyera pubescens (downy rattlesnake plantain), and Hieracium paniculatum (panicled hawkweed).

Other species in bloom were Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed), Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort), Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) and A. pilosus (aster), Chenopodium album (pigweed), Conyza canadensis (horseweed), Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort), Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge) and E. vermiculata (hairy spurge), and Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel).

Total attendance was 12. The trip leader was Carol Levine. Thanks to Dr. William Standaert for his help in plant identification and composing the plant list.