KINGSLAND POINT

Westchester County, New York


Directions:

Take 9 to North Tarrytown; turn west (toward the river) onto Pierson Street (which become Bellwood); continue to Palmer Avenue; turn left onto Palmer Avenue; continue to Kingsland Point Park (turn left at the T intersection dead-end); 8.5 miles from my home in Hastings on Hudson.


History:

Tarrytown Lighthouse (Kingsland Point, Sleepy Hollow).  The Pocantico River would dump banks of silt into the Hudson River. The local steamship companies would plea for a light house.

1883 a light house was finally built by the federal government. It operated for some 78 years. The Tarrytown lighthouse was built in 1882-83, the southernmost in a series of eight lighthouses charged with the responsibility for providing navigational aid to shipping on the Hudson River and for guarding river traffic from dangerous shoal water on the river's eastern shore. The Tarrytown light was first lit on October 1, 1883.

The light was well out into the channel. In fact, it was a quarter of a mile from land. But over the years the shoreline was expanded for a succession of automobile factories, such as General Motors.  The lighthouses of this type were designated "family stations," as the keepers and their families lived there year-round.

The Tappan-Zee bridge made the lighthouse obsolete.

Philipse Manor Country Club was located on the former Kingsland estate on the Hudson shore in North Tarrytown. An amusement park had been planned for the area. Instead, a public park was developed with a beach, ball field, picnic grove, and pavilion. Today the park is located on the former country club grounds.

1928  --  Among the achievements of William Ward and the parks commission was the creation of an overall plan for recreational areas in Westchester County: Rye Playland opened in 1928. Ward Pound Ridge Reservation, Croton Point Park, Glen Island Park, and Kingsland Point Park were also developed.

1961 the lighthouse went out of service. Five of the eight light houses remain standing. On exhibit in the Tarrytown lighthouse are logbooks and chronicles, photographs and furnishings that illustrate what life was like in a lighthouse more than 100 years ago.

(Pp. 268-270. Williams, Gray. 2003. Picturing Our Past: National Register Sites in Westchester County. Westchester County, NY: Westchester County Historical Society.)


Trails:

Westchester County as of 2003 plans a nearly 47 mile long Hudson River shoreline trail to be called River Walk.  It will utilize the Old Croton Aqueduct, Croton Point and Kingsland Point parks, Metro-North Railroad property, Camp Smith and passes though riverfront development sites (including Harbor Square in Ossining, General Motors site in Sleepy Hollow and Yonkers' developments at Hudson Park and Alexander Street).

9/30/96.  The park itself is mostly for kids. It is not all that great for botany.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick Louis Cooney

9/30/96  = flowers found in bloom on the date of the field trip.


Trees:
Acer japonica (Japanese red maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Amelanchier arborea ? (shadbush)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Celtis occidentalis ? (hackberry)?
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Magnolia kobus? (kobus magnolia)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Taxus baccata (yew)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)
Zelkova (Japanese elm)?
Katsura tree ?

Shrubs:
Amorpha fruticosa (false indigo)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Forsythia sp. (golden bells)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lonicera sp. (honeysuckle)
Rosa carolina (Carolina rose)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rosa rugosa (wrinkled rose) 9/30/96
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Viburnum sp. (Siebold's viburnum or double file?)

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelain berry)
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed) 9/30/96
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Hedera helix (English holly)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)

Herbs:
Acalypha rhomboidea (three-seeded mercury)
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aster cordifolius (heart leaved aster) 9/30/96
Aster (smooth aster) 9/30/96
Aster spp. (asters) 9/30/96
Bidens frondosa (beggar ticks) 9/30/96
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)
Chenopodium album (pigweed)
Cirsium discolor (field thistle)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 9/30/96
Conyza canadensis (horseweed)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort) 9/30/96
Euphorbia maculata (milk purslane)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs) 9/30/96
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 9/30/96
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain)
Polygonum arenastrum (dooryard knotweed) 9/30/96
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose knotweed) 9/30/96
Polygonum sp. (knotweed) 9/30/96
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal)
Rumex sp. (dock)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet) 9/30/96
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade) 9/30/96
Solidago caesia (blue-stemmed goldenrod) 9/30/96
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 9/30/96
Trifolium pratense (red clover)
Trifolium repens (white clover) 9/30/96
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type (wood sack sedge)
Cyperus strigosus (umbrella sedge)

Grasses:
Amophila breviligulata (beech grass) ?
Digitaria sp. (crabgrass)
Muhlenbergia schreberi (nimblewill muhly grass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Setaria sp. (foxtail grass)
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)