HUBBARD/PERKINS CONSERVATION AREA
Putnam County, NY
3,813 acres


This conservation area parallels Fahnestock Park on the north.  


Directions:

Taconic Parkway north and get off at Route 301/Cold Spring/Carmel.  Turn right at the stop sign heading onto Route 301 southwest.  You will soon come to Fahnestock Park and Canopus Lake.  You can park at the southwestern end of Canopus Lake.  Take the Appalachian Trail (white trail) west and then north.  Turn left (west) onto Fahnestock Trail (blue trail).  This trail heads to south of Beaver Pond.  Turn left (southwest) onto Charcoal Burners Trail (red trail).  Continue past the Cabot Trail (white trail) (which is on your right) -- you will return to this point; starting a circular walk at the 1:30 position;  turn right (west) on the Perkins Trail (yellow trail); turn right (north) on the Cabot Trail (white trail).  This heads toward the east side of Jordan Pond.  The trail turns northeast and then east back to the Charcoal Burners Trail (red trail), at the 1:30 position.  Now return the way you came: left turn onto the red trail, travel northeast and then turn right (east) onto Fahnestock Trail (blue trail).  Head back to the southern end of Canopus Lake parking lot.

To hike to East Mountain.  Sprain Brook Parkway north to Taconic State Parkway to the exit for Route 301 to Cold Spring.  At stop sign turn right.  At the intersection of Route 301 and Route 9, turn right into a wide parking area (usually with a hot dog truck); park; then walk along Route 9 north to a nearby road on the right; walk down the road; on the right there is a gate across a path; head this way for the path. 


History:

1991  -- The Open Space Institute purchased some 3,700 acres.  Some 2,000 of these acres were purchased from the estate of Helen F. Hubbard, the sister of Clarence and Ernest Fahnestock.  

1995  -- Governor Pataki announced the addition, which was purchased with $4 million from the Environmental Protection Fund. The Perkins part of the name of the area came with a purchase of more than 700 acres from the Perkins estate.  

1996  -- The state is taking it over with its purchase of the Hubbard portion.  


Trails:

Cabot Trail (white) - Complete and open.

Charcoal Burners Trail (red) - Complete and open.

Clove Creek Trail - Unmarked woods road - may be marked when problems are fixed. There are streams to cross which may be difficult after a rain. The stream and trail share the woods road in two places and may be difficult at high water.

East Mountain Loop (red) - Complete and open.

Fahnestock Trail (blue) - Complete and open.

Perkins Trail (yellow) - Complete and open. Glynwood Farm Road is private - do not use it to access the trail.

School Mountain Road (white) - Complete and open.

Wiccopee Pass Trail (blue) - Open - western part is easy to follow but not blazed yet.

Trout Brook Trail  --  a new trail established to connect trails in the park to a new parking area.  (Trail Walker, Nov/Dec 2003, page4)

6/25/04.  Parked at the intersection of Routes 9 and 301.  This trip was up to East Mountain via the old South Mountain Road.  The trail at the beginning is both white blazed and blue blazed.  Passed over an iron-plated bridge over a stream; passed a second iron-plated bridge; rocky stream on the left; another iron-plated bridge; here there are the remains of the stone posts of a one-time gate; the blue trail heads off to the right; I keep going northeast on the white trail; quite a few mosquitoes because of the marshes nearby; find the remains of an old roof; come to a dilapidated wood bridge; nearby is an old woods road on the left (this is where one could take the red trail up to East Mountain); I kept going straight on white; came to another decrepit wood bridge; here the red path goes off to the left, while the white keeps going straight; a two-story white house with an attic is still standing in the corner created by the intersection of the red and white trails;  I take the red trail; it weaves back and forth but does get me up to East Mountain;  the view is o.k. looking west to other highland mountains; found a box turtle on the trail; kept following the red path which brought me back to the white trail at the point where I first passed the red trail; turned right and walked back on the white trail to the starting gate and then to my car.  Patrick L. Cooney

7/14/04.  Repeated the above trip except this time I took the blue trail.  Hiked along a stream on the right and along the base of the mountain on the left.  Heading southwest away from the stream.  There is a big field up on the hill on the left.  Heading south. Left turn, heading southeast off east; left turn again and through a stone wall; right turn and up a steep slope; left turn near the top and across some large rock outcrops; come to a view, this one of the intersection of Route 9 and Route 301; there is also a view of Storm King and Break Neck Ridge; then there is a long walk on top of the ridge; walked through a shallow valley and then up a hill; can see evidence of a past fire that has mostly affected the mountain laurel; climbed up part of  another mountain; come to another viewpoint; can see the Army football stadium at West Point; been going between east and northeast; heading downward; across a little valley (see a tiger beetle); thought the trail would have headed back to the main trail already but the trail just seemed to keep going northeast and east; so I finally turned around and retraced my steps.  The trip was longer than I wanted, but I did manage to see quite a few plants.  


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney, * = blooming on the date of the field trips, 6/25/04 and 7/14/04


Trees:
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple)
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Celtis occidentalis (hackberry)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Ostrya virginiana (American hop hornbeam)
Paulownia tomentosa (empress tree)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus palustris (pin oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Salix sp. (willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Chimaphila maculata (striped wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Comptonia peregrina (sweetfern)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood) 6/25/04
Corylus sp. (hazel)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly) 6/25/04
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Philadelphus sp. (mock orange) 6/25/04
Potentilla fruticosa (shrubby cinquefoil) ?
Quercus ilicifolia (scrub oak)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Rubus sp. (dewberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet)
Spiraea tomentosa (steeplebush) 7/14/04
Vaccinium angustifolium (low bush blueberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (smooth arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum lentago (nannyberry viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed) 7/14/04
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Dioscorea villosa (wild yamroot)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort) 6/25/04
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Allium vineale (field garlic) 
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Antennaria plataginifolia (plantain-leaved pussytoes)
Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Aquilegia canadensis (columbine)
Arabis lyrata (lyre-leaved rockcress)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) 6/25/04 soon
Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed) 7/14/04 planted in butterfly meadow
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Aster linariifolius (stiff aster)
Cardamine impatiens (narrow-leaved bittercress)
Chenopodium album (pigweed)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 6/25/04
Conyza canadensis (horseweed)
Corydalis sempervirens (pale corydalis)
Cryptotaenia canadensis (honewort) 7/14/04
Cunila origanoides (dittany)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 7/14/04
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pileweed)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Eupatorium fistulosum (trumpetweed) 7/14/04soon
Galinsoga sp. (gallant soldiers) 7/14/04
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium asprellum (rough bedstraw)
Galium circaezens (wild licorice)
Galium mollugo (wild madder) 6/25/04
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geum canadense (white avens) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Glechoma hederacea (gill-over-the-ground)
Hieracium venosum (rattlesnake hawkweed) 6/25/04
Hypericum gentianoides (orange grass St. Johnswort) 7/14/04
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Krigia virginica (one-flowered Cynthia) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Lepidium sp. (wild pepper) 6/25/04
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Melampyrum lineare (cowwheat) 6/25/04
Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot) 7/14/04 in butterfly meadow
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Paronychia canadensis (forked chickweed)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonatum biflorum (true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose knotweed) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed knotweed)
Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil) 7/14/04
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 6/25/04
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Prenanthes altissima (tall white lettuce)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 7/14/04
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan) 7/14/04
Rumex acetosella (field sorrel)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet) 7/14/04
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil) 7/14/04
Silene vulgaris (bladderwort campion) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 6/25/04
Solidago sp. (goldenrod)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 6/25/04
Tephrosia virginiana (goat's rue)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Tragopogon pratensis (yellow goatsbeard) 6/25/04
Trientalis borealis (star flower)
Trifolium aureum (yellow clover) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/25/04 7/14/04
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus looking glass)
Urtica dioica v. dioica (stinging nettle)
Veratrum viride (Indian poke)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 7/14/04
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 7/14/04
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)
Viola sp. (violet)

Rushes:
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush)

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type loose-flowered type sedge)
Carex ovales type (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea (fox sedge)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark-green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (dark-green bulrush

Grasses:
Andropogon gerardii (turkey claw grass)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Bromus inermis (smooth brome grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Danthonia spicata (poverty grass)
Deschampsia flexuosa (hair grass)
Elymus hystrix (bottle-brush grass)
Glyceria sp. (mannagrass)
Microstegium clandestinum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Phleum pratense (Timothy grass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Athyrium filix-femina (red-stiped lady fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polypodium sp. (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)

Other:
reindeer lichen
rock tripe lichen