ANTHONY'S NOSE
Westchester County, NY


Directions:

Park in pull-offs along NY 9D just north of the Bear Mountain Bridge. One pull-off is on the west side of NY 9D south of the trailhead. A bit further south, another smaller pull-off is on the east side of NY 9D just north of the trailhead.


History:

1775  --  from the future site of Fort Montgomery, the special committee on Hudson River fortifications looked on Anthony's Nose and wrote to George Washington: "Opposite this point is a stout promontory Antony's (sic) Nose, inaccessible to anything but goats and men very expert in climbing." (cited in Howell 1982:153)

The Manitou Copper Mine was opened about 1767 by Peter Hasenclver (see Ringwood Manor State Park in New Jersey). The iron mining operation was not successful because the ore was too sulfurous. The extensive dumps of the old mine are found on the east end of the ridge of Anthony's Nose.

In 1777, during the Revolutionary War, a great iron chain was lain across the Hudson River from the foot of Anthony's Nose to Fort Montgomery.

A chain earlier to the one at West Point spanned the river between Fort Montgomery and Anthony's Nose. The British removed it after their victory at Forts Montgomery and Clinton in October 1777.

Clyne, Patricia Edwards. 1997. Hudson Valley Tales and Trails. Woodstock, NY: The Overlook Press.

1909 (October 29-30)  --  William Thompson Howell hiked on Anthony's Nose.  He noted the effect of fire on the vegetation.  "There is practically no underbrush whatever.  In some places there are even no woods.  The ground is carpeted with grass and low-growing shrubs and flowering plants. The trees do not crowd one another.  The general effect is as that of a park . . ."

1998  --  Anthony's Nose was transferred from the Division of Military and Naval Affairs to OPRHP, thereby expanding the Hudson Highlands State Park by 180 acres.


Trails:

You might want to start by walking out on the Bear Mountain Bridge for the view. Use the walkers' ramp. The Appalachian Trail goes up Anthony's Nose. You turn right at the top and walk out to the edge to see the views of Bear Mountain.

Upriver is Sugarloaf Mountain and all the Highlands spread out to the North Gate and South Beacon.

On top of Anthony's Nose you can see: Bear Mountain Bridge, Bear Mountain Inn, Bear Mountain, Dunderberg, the distinctive hump of the Timp, the notch of Timp Pass, Hessian Lake, and the sites of the forts on either side of Popolopen Gorge.

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Camp Smith Trail (Trail Walker March/April 1998:6) extends southeast to Manitou Mountain and Two Pines View. Access for the trail is at the old tollhouse for the Bear Mountain Bridge, a half-mile north of Monteverde restaurant on the Bear Mountain Road (Route 6). The tollhouse served as the toll-collecting place for the bridge when it opened in 1925. The Town of Cortlandt wants to restore the structure.

The trail starts near a tree marked in blue behind the tollhouse. You have to climb a steep mountainside. Then comes a giant boulder stairway. The first view is toward Charles Point and the Resco plant.

Two Pine View overlooks Iona Island. To the right you can see Perkins Tower on top of Bear Mountain. It takes about 3 hours and 15 minutes to get to Anthony's Nose. From here you can see Bear Mountain, Hessian Lake, Popolopen Torne and Gorge, Iona Island and the Hudson River.

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Hudson Highlands State Park
A transfer of Anthony's Nose from the Division of Military and Naval Affairs to OPRHP occurred in February 1998 and expands Hudson Highlands State Park by 180 acres. Other acquisitions in area have added another 50 acres to the park.
(From: http://www.dec.state.ny.us/website/opensp/gallery/hudsonh.html)



PLANT LIST:

(Dr. Patrick L. Cooney) Went on a trip with the New York Flora Association. Dr. Robert Zaremba was the leader.

4/18/04.  Went with Philip Duckett up Anthony's Nose.  Once on top, turn right and walk (mostly uphill) until you see a blue-blazed path going off to the right and the left.  Go right for an absolutely great view over the Bear Mountain Bridge, Bear Mountain State Park, Fort Montgomery park and Fort Montgomery.  We noticed that a huge housing complex was going up not that far from Popolopen around the Fort Montgomery area.  (Is it necessary to mention how disappointed we were?  One day the whole right side of the view from Anthony's Nose northwestward will be almost all houses and apartment complexes.  (Damn!)  You can get another quick view by returning to the junction of the blue and white blazed trails and head on the blue atrail eastward up to the top of some rocks.  From here you can look south and see Indian Point and other points of interest.  The view was a little clouded by the haze.  (Damn!)


Trees:
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple) 4/18/04
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carya glabra (pignut hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree) 6/4/96
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Paulownia tomentosa (empress tree)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)
Quercus ilicifolia (bear oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust) 6/4/96 on highways
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tilia americana (American basswood)

Shrubs:
Aronia melanocarpa (chokeberry)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Comptonia peregrina (sweet fern)
Diervilla lonicera (bush honeysuckle) 6/4/96 like small-lvd buttonbush
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel) 6/4/96
Lonicera sp. (honeysuckle)
Rubus odoratus (purple flowering raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry)
Staphylea trifolia (bladdernut)
Vaccinium angustifolium (lowbush blueberry)
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry) 6/4/96
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum)

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort) 8/19/95

Herbs:
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 6/4/96
Apocynum sp. (dogbane) almost sessile
Aquilegia canadensis (columbine) 6/4/96
Arabis laevigata (smooth rock cress)
Arabis sp. (rock cress)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aureolaria sp. (false foxglove)
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 8/19/95
Collinsonia canadensis (horsebalm)
Comandra umbellata (bastard toadflax)
Conyza canadensis (horseweed) 8/19/95
Corydalis aurea (golden corydalis)
Corydalis flavula (yellow corydalis)
Corydalis sempervirens (pale corydalis) 6/4/96
Cunila origanoides (dittany)
Desmodium sp. (tick-trefoil)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 8/19/95
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's breeches)
Epipactis helleborine (helleborine orchid)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pilewort) 8/19/95
Eryngium yuccifolium (rattlesnake master) 8/19/95
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium mollugo (wild madder) 6/4/96 on highway
Geranium robertianum (herb Robert) 6/4/96 8/19/95
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet everlasting) 8/19/95
Hedeoma pulegioides (American pennyroyal)
Helianthemum canadense (frostweed) 6/4/96
Hepatica americana (round-leaved hepatica) 4/18/04
Hesperis matronalis (dame's rocket) 6/4/96 on highway
Heuchera americana (alumroot) 6/4/96
Humulus lupulus (common hops)
Hypericum gentianoides (orange grass) 8/19/95
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort)
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass) 6/4/96
Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce)
Lechea intermedia (pinweed)
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper)
Lespedeza hirta (bush-clover)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs) 8/19/95
Lobelia sp. (lobelia)
Lysimachia quadriradiata (whorled loosestrife)
Myosotis verna (forget-me-not)
Oxalis violacea (purple flower wood sorrel)
Paronychia canadensis (forked chickweed)
Phlox sp. (phlox ?) whorled leaves
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) 8/19/95
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose knotweed)
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 6/4/96
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 8/19/95
Ranunculus sp. (buttercup)
Saxifraga virginiensis (early saxifrage) 4/18/04
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 8/19/95
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 6/4/96
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade) 8/19/95
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod) 6/4/96 8/19/95
Solidago odora (sweet-scented goldenrod)
Solidago sp. (goldenrod)
Tephrosia virginiana (goat's rue)
Triodanis perfoliata (Venus looking glass)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 8/19/95
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 8/191/95
Viola rafinesquianum (wild pansy violet)

Rushes:
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 4/18/04


Sedges:
Bulbostylis sp.
Carex complanata
Carex laxiflora
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex swanii
Carex umbellata (sedge) wider leaf than C. pensylvanica
Carex virescens

Grasses:
Agrostis hyemalis (ticklegrass)
Andropogon gerardii (big blue stem grass)
Brachyelytrum erectum (long-awned wood grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Danthonia compressa
Danthonia spicata (poverty grass)
Deschampsia flexuosa (hair grass)
Elymus hystrix (bottlebrush grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Muhlenbergia sobolifera (muhly grass)
Panicum sp. (panic grass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem grass)
Sorghastrum nutans (Indian nut grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Adiantum pedatum (maidenhair fern)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal shield fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polypodium virginianum (rock cap fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris phegopteris (northern beech fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)

Other:
Leucobryum glaucum (moss)
Polytrichum commune (haircap moss)


ANTHONY'S NOSE
September 12, 1936

Seventeen persons attended the field trip of Sunday, September 12. The morning was spent on the Nature Trail and at the Trailside Museum at Bear Mountain. In the afternoon the party botanized along the foot of the slope leading to the summit of Anthony's Nose. A fairly large colony of Zanthoxylum americanum, the Toothache Tree, was found on the slope between the highway and the Hudson, and a little north of the Bear Mountain Bridge, under conditions which indicated that it had been originally introduced.

Large bunches of Vitis vulpina, the River bank or Frost Grape , with their blue acid berries, festooned the banks, and in the woods and along the main highway several interesting plants were found, such as Bidens bipinnata, Chenopodium hybridum, Trichostema dichotomum, Acalypha virginica, Hedeoma pulegioides, and Pilea pumila.