HERBERT L. NICHOLS PRESERVE

Armonk, Westchester County, NY

87 acres


Directions:

US 684 to exit 3n. Turn right onto Route 22 north. Pass Byram Brook Place and then turn right onto Route 433 (North Greenwich Road). Drive .7 of a mile and turn right onto Bedford Road and then in .3 of a mile turn right onto West Lane (a private lane). Drive to the end of the road and park by the side of the road near the gate.


History:

Owned by the Nature Conservancy. The original owners were the Siwanoy tribe of the Wappinger Indians. In 1701 Quakers settled in the area around the current preserve and made it into a farming region.

In 1968 44 acres given by Herbert L. Nichols, Jr., Henry Metcalf, and Harriet Underhill. Several years later Mr. Nichols gave more acres to the preserve.


Habitats:

One-quarter is shrub thickets and mowed fields. Large swamp surrounds several man-made ponds. Large lake dotted with islands. Portions of wooded second growth. Intermittent stream. Well-maintained trail system.


Trails:

Walk straight on an abandoned road. It takes you to a huge field area. Or, as you reach a pond on the left, take a path on the other side of the road, on the west side of several ponds. You can make a really short walk by just walking around the first pond. Or lengthen it to walk around several ponds.

6/11/02.  With Michael St. John walked past the gate (crashed asunder now) and walked under US 684; had to finally turn back at the private property signs for IBM Armonk. 


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney
Dates indicate when found in bloom.


Trees:
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharinum (silver maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush) 4/25/01
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Castanea americana (American chestnut)
Castanea mollissima (Chinese chestnut) -- lots of fruits all over the road; 7/09/01 planted
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/06/01
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus pensylvanica (green ash)
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Juglans nigra (black walnut)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Larix sp. (larch) -- planted
Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Metasequoia glyptostroboides (dawn redwood)
Pinus strobus (white pine) -- there is a small grove here
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus malus (apple tree) 5/06/01
Pyrus sp. (crab apple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Salix nigra? (black willow?)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tilia sp. (small-leaved linden?)
Ulmus americana (American elm)
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) 5/06/01
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Cornus racemosa (gray stem dogwood)
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Eubotrys racemosa (fetterbush)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus) -- lots and lots
Forsythia sp. (forsythia) 4/25/01
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly) 6/11/02 soon
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel) 6/11/02
Ligustrum sp. (privet) 6/11/02
Lindera benzoin (spicebush) 4/25/01
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle) 5/06/01
Lyonia ligustrina (fetterbush)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Pachysandra terminalis (pachysandra) 4/25/01
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose) 6/11/02
Rosa palustris (swamp rose) 7/09/01
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry) 6/11/02
Salix discolor (pussy willow) 4/25/01
Vaccinium corymbosum (high bush blueberry) 5/06/01
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum) hairy leaves
Viburnum lentago (nannyberry viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 5/06/01

Vines:
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Dioscorea villosa (wild yamroot)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle) 6/11/02
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax sp. (greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vicia cracca (cow vetch) purple fls all on one side 6/11/02 7/09/0; lots of it
Vicia tetrasperma (slender vetch) 6/11/02
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Actaea alba (white baneberry)
Ajuga reptans (ajuga) 5/06/01
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/06/01
Allium tricoccum (wild leek) 7/09/01
Allium vineale (field garlic) 6/11/02 soon
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp) 7/09/01
Arabis glabra (tower mustard)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack in the pulpit)
Artemesia vulgare (common mugwort)
Asclepias incarnata (swamp milkweed) 7/09/01
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed) 7/09/01
Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly weed) 7/09/01
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster)
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/06/01
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Callitriche sp. (water starwort)
Cardamine diphylla (toothwort)
Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eyed daisy) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 7/09/01
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 7/09/01
Cirsium discolor (field thistle)
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty) 4/25/01 5/06/01
Coronilla varia (crown vetch)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 7/09/01
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Duchesnea indica (Indian strawberry)
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Erythronium americanum (trout lily) 4/25/01
Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry) 5/06/01; in fruit on 6/11/02
Galium aparine (cleavers)
Galium mollugo (wild madder) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 5/06/01
Geum canadense (white avens) 7/09/01
Hieracium caespitosum (yellow king devil hawkweed) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Hieracium piloselloides (smooth hawkweed) 6/11/02
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 7/09/01
Hypericum punctatum (spotted St. Johnswort) 7/09/01
Impatiens capensis (jewelweed)
Iris pseudacorus (yellow flag) 6/11/02
Lapsana communis (nipplewort) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs)
Lobelia spicata (spiked lobelia) 7/09/01
Lotus corniculatus (bird foot trefoil) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Ludwigia palustris (water purslane)
Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife) 7/09/01
Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 7/09/01
Meliltous officinalis (yellow sweet clover) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Myosotis scirpioides (forget-me-not) 6/11/02
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Panax trifolium (dwarf ginseng) 4/25/01
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Penstemmon digitalis (white beard tongue) 7/09/01
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 5/06/01 6/11/02 7/09/01
Polygonatum pubescens (hairy true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum arifolium (halberd-leaved tearthumb)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 6/11/02
Polygonum cuspidatum (Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum hydropiper (water pepper)
Polygonum virginianum (Virginia knotweed)
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 5/06/01
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 6/11/02
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 6/11/02
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved crowfoot) 5/06/01
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup) 6/11/02
Ranunculus recurvatus (hooked crowfoot)
Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan) 7/09/01
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil) 7/09/01
Silene graminea (lesser stitchwort) 6/11/02
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (stout blue-eyed grass) 6/11/02
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 4/25/01 5/06/01
Thalictrum dioicum (early meadowrue)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadowrue)
Trifolium aureum (yellow clover) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/11/02 7/09/01
Trillium erectum (red trillium)
Veratrum viride (swamp hellebore) 6/11/02
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 7/09/01
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell) 6/11/02
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 4/25/01
Wolffia sp. (water meal) covers one pond completely and is very heavy in others

Rushes:
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 4/25/01 5/06/01

Sedges:
Carex crinita (sedge)
Carex laxiflora type (sedge)
Carex lurida (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/25/01
Carex stricta (tussock sedge) 5/06/01
Carex vulpinoidea (sedge)
Scirpus acutus (hardstem bulrush)? 7/09/01
Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)

Grasses:
Agrostis gigantea (red top grass)? 7/09/01
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) 5/06/01
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Glyceria striata (mannagrass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)

Ferns:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Equisetum hyemale (horsetail)
Dennstaedtia punctilobula (hay-scented fern)
Holcus lanatus (velvet grass)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)