NELLIE HILL PRESERVE
Rt. 22, Dover Plains
144 acres
914-244-3271


Directions:

Nellie Hill is located in Dutchess County on Route 22, approximately 3/4 of a mile south of the village of Dover Plains. The parking area is a wide pull-off just to the south of Nelly Hill Road on the east side of Route 22 (just north of mile marker 11.50). Take Interstate 684 north to Route 22 north. Follow Route 22 north through the towns of Pawling and Wingdale. About 5.5 to 6 miles north of Wingdale, you will pass Dutchess Route 6 coming in from the east (on the left here you will see a big building with the sign 'Andren'). Continue on Route 22 for about .25 miles past the junction with Route 6 and turn into the pull-off area on the right side of the road. If you come to the Grand Union shopping center on the left of Route 22, you've gone too far.


Geology:

Located between West Mountain and East Mountain just south of the town of Dover Plains.

Nellie Hill area is cut off by only 10 miles from the Manhattan Prong. The Wappinger dolostone of this area (while not absolutely proven yet) is most probably Cambro-Ordovician age -- same as Inwood Marble limestones...only Manhattan schists are different from Peekskill and Fordham gneisses -- Fordham gneisses are older that the gneisses under the Inwood marble... we always forget about erosional processes and unconformities. The Taconics were pushed up over the limestones (Klippes) and dragged along northward from continental collisions during closing of proto- (Atlantic ocean) -- then the Iapetus Sea... (from Judith Fitzgerald)


History:

before 1938 -- trees on entire hill probably cut for charcoal

1938 -- 50-100 feet of the hill on the west side blasted away for highway construction

1948 -- Lewis Benson acquires Nellie Hill

1948-1991 -- grazing land for cows

1949 -- Benson cuts the red cedars in the grassland and seeds it with a "pasture mix"

1991 -- TNC purchases 70% of the hill.


Habitats:

Explore 120 foot calcareous cliffs with pocket grasslands, oak woodland and a previously grazed, sloping meadow. There are at least five springs and two ponds on the property. The preserve includes an exemplary occurrence of the rare red cedar rocky summit community, limestone woodlands, and at least ten state and globally rare plants.

Nellie Hill is one of the scattered marble hills with steep slopes, rocky outcrops, and calcareous sand rise above outwash depositons to elevations of 600 feet. The Great Swamp booklet says that: The exposed escarpment creates a warm microclimate with vegetation dominated by red cedar and little bluestem grass. The hills also support a wealth of rare plants including Bicknell's sedge (Carex bicknellii), devil's bit (Chamaelirium luteum), Carolina whitlow-grass (Draba reptans), large twayblade (Liparis liliifolia), and yellow wild flax (Linum sulcatum).


Trails:

There is a small pull-off area just three miles north of the Dover Middle/High School, just before South Nellie Hill Road. Walk uphill to the register and map station. Take the red trail going northeast. You are on a plateau surrounded by other, higher mountains. This area is filled with successional fields of red cedar, goldenrods, Japanese barberry, and multiflora rose. There is a lookout surveying the area of a shopping center on Route 22. The trail can be made into a circular one by keep bearing to the right. There is a sharp 90 degree turn. (Don't go down the hill as the pseudo trail just peters out and you will have to walk up it again.)

You come to a fork, one to the south (left fork), the other at 230 degrees on your compass (the right fork). Go left which leads to a dead end and a small pond. There is a lot of coltsfoot here. Return to the fork and take the right fork this time.

Keep bearing right. You come to a triangle made by three trails. Go to the right. If you bear left it will take you downhill to private property (and you just have to walk up again). Bearing right will take you down to another pond -- this one with rice cut grass (probably -- could not get close enough to see for sure).

From the pond, keep bearing left and it will take you back to the register station.

There are a lot of hills here.

Scarlet tanager 5/08/00


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick L. Cooney, Carol Levine, Dr. William Standaert, TBS


Trees:
Acer negundo (box elder maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Ailanthus altissima (tree-of-heaven)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula papyrifera (white birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/08/00 5/17/03
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Ostrya virginiana (eastern hop hornbeam)
Pinus rigida (pitch pine)
Pinus strobus (white pine)
Populus deltoides (cottonwood)
Populus grandidentata (big toothed aspen)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry) 5/08/00 soon
Pyrus malus (apple) 5/17/03
Pyrus sp. (crab apple)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus bicolor (swamp white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Salix sp. (willow)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Taxus sp. (yew)
Tilia americana (American basswood)
Tsuga canadensis (hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)
Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm hybrid)
Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Shrubs:
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) 5/08/00 5/17/03 a real threat here/way too much of it along with multiflora rose
Comptonia peregrina (sweetfern)
Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaved dogwood)
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood) 6/23/02
Cornus racemosa (gray stem dogwood) 6/23/02
Cornus rotundifolia (round-leaved dogwood)?
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive) 5/08/00 5/17/03
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ligustrum ovalifolium (California privet) 6/23/02
Lindera benzoin (spice bush)
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle) 5/17/03
Potentilla fruticosa (shrubby cinquefoil) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Prunus virginiana (choke cherry) 5/17/03
Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac) 7/14/01
Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose) 6/23/02
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Salix discolor (pussy willow) 4/14/02
Sambucus canadensis (common elderberry) 6/23/02 7/14/01
Spiraea alba var. latifolia (meadowsweet) 8/12/00
Staphylea trifolia (bladdernut)
Syringa vulgaris (common lilac) 5/17/03
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum) 5/08/00 5/17/03
Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelain berry)
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Menispermum canadense (Canada moonseed)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Sicyos angulatus (bur cucumber vine)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade) 6/23/02
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort milkweed vine)
Vitis aestivalis (summer grape)

Herbs:
Actaea alba (doll's eyes)
Achillea millefolium (yarrow) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/12/00 11/14/99
Agalinis tenuifolia (common agalinis) 6/23/02
Agrimonia sp. (agrimony) 8/07/00
Alisma subcordatum (water plantain) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 5/08/00 5/17/03
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed) 8/07/00
Ambrosia trifida (great ragweed)
Anagallis arvensis (scarlet pimpernel) 7/14/01
Anemone canadense or thimbleweed? 6/23/02
Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
Anemone virginiana (thimbleweed) 7/14/01
Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone) 5/08/00 5/17/03
Antennaria neglecta (pussytoes) 5/08/00
Antennaria plantaginifolia (plantain-leaved pussytoes) 5/17/03
Anthemis cotula (mayweeed) 7/14/01
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)
Aquilegia canadensis (columbine) 5/08/00 5/17/03 6/23/02 7/14/01
Arabis glabra (tower mustard?)
Arctium sp. (burdock)
Arenaria serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved sandwort) 5/17/03 6/23/02
Arenaria stricta (rock sandwort) 6/23/02 7/14/01
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias verticillata (whorled milkweed) 7/14/01 8/07/00 very soon 8/12/00
Asclepias viridiflora (green milkweed) 7/14/01 8/07/00 soon 8/12/00
Aster cordifolius (heart-leaved aster)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Aster novaeangliae (New England aster) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Aster pilosus (aster)
Aster puniceus (purple-stemmed aster)
Aster sp. (white aster) 11/14/99
Aureolaria pedicularia (fern-like false foxglove) 8/07/00
Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress) 5/17/03
Bidens connata (swamp beggar tick)
Bidens coronata (tickseed beggarticks) 8/07/00
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)
Campanula rotundifolia (harebell) 7/14/01 8/07/00
Centaurea maculosa (spotted knapweed) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00 11/14/99
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed) 5/17/03
Chaenorrhinmum minus (dwarf snapdragon) 7/14/01
Chenopodium album (lamb's quarters) 7/14/01
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum (ox-eye daisy) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Cichorium intybus (chicory) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade) 7/14/01
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
Cirsium discolor (field thistle) 8/12/00 soon
Cirsium pumilum (pasture thistle) 7/14/01 8/12/00
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick trefoil)
Dianthus armeria (Deptford pink) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Dipsacus sylvestris (teasel)
Draba verna (whitlow grass) 4/14/02
Erechtites hieraciifolia (horseweed) 7/14/01near; 8/07/00
Erigeron annuus (daisy fleabane) 7/14/01
Erigeron philadelphicus (common fleabane) 5/17/03
Erigeron pulchellus (Robin's plantain) 5/08/00 5/17/03
Erigeron strigosus (lesser daisy fleabane) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Eupatorium serotinum (late flowering thoroughwort)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry) 5/08/00 5/17/03
Galium circaezens (blunt-leaved wild licorice)
Galium mollugo (wild madder) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00 11/14/99
Galium sp. (6 in a whorl)
Galium verum (yellow bedstraw) 6/23/02
Gentianopsis crinita (fringed gentian)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geum canadense (white avens) 6/23/02 7/14/01
Helenium autumnale (sneezeweed) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Helianthus divaricatus (woodland sunflower) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Hepatica americana (round-leaved hepatica)
Hesperis matronalis (dame's rocket) 6/23/02
Hieracium caespitosum (yellow king devil) 7/14/01
Hieracium pilosella (mouse-ear hawkweed) 8/07/00
Hieracium piloselloides (glaucous king devil) 6/23/02 7/14/01
Hypericum perforatum (common St. Johnswort) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow star grass) 8/12/00
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Impatiens pallida (yellow jewelweed) 8/12/00
Krigia virginica (dwarf dandelion) 6/23/02
Lactuca sp. (wild lettuce)
Lapsana communis (nipplewort) 6/23/02 7/14/01
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort) 6/23/02
Lepidium campestre (field peppergrass) 5/17/03
Lepidium virginicum (wild peppergrass)
Liatrus scariosa var. novae-angliae (northern blazing star) 8/12/00
Linaria canadensis (blue toadflax) 6/23/02
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs) 7/14/01 8/12/00
Linum sulcatum (grooved yellow flax) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Lobelia inflata (Indian tobacco lobelia) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Lobelia siphilitica (giant lobelia) 8/12/00
Lobelia spicata (spiked lobelia) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)
Lycopus virginiana (Virginia bugleweed) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort) 6/23/02
Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife) 7/14/01 8/12/00
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Matricaria matricarioides (pineapple weed) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/12/00
Medicago lupulina (black medick) 5/17/03 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweetclover) 6/23/02 7/14/01
Mentha arvensis (wild mint) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Mimulus ringens (monkey flower) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Myosotis laxa (small forget me not) 7/14/01
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Origanum vulgare (wild marjoram) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel) 5/17/03 6/23/02 7/14/01 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Parnassia glauca (grass of Parnassus) 8/07/00 soon 8/12/00
Pastinaca sativa (wild parsnip) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Penthorum sedoides (ditch stonecrop) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Phlox subulata (moss phlox)
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain) 5/08/00 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/12/00
Plantago major (common plantain) 7/14/01 near
Polygala senega (Sencea snakeroot) 6/23/02
Polygonatum sp. (true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum arenastrum (dooryard knotweed) 7/14/01
Potamogeton illinoensis (Illinois pondweed) 7/14/01 near
Potentilla arguta (tall cinquefoil) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil) 5/08/00
Potentilla norvegica (rough cinquefoil) 6/23/02
Potentilla recta (rough-fruited cinquefoil) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/12/00
Prenanthes alba (rattlesnake root)?
Prenanthes altissima (tall white lettuce)
Prunella vulgaris (self-heal) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Pycnanthemum incanum (hoary mountain mint) 7/14/01near; 8/12/00
Pycnanthemum tenuifolium (narrow leaved mountain mint) 7/14/01
Pycnanthemum torrei (Torrey's mountain mint) 7/14/01 8/12/00
Pyrola rotundifolia? (pyrola)
Ranunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup) 5/08/00 5/17/03 6/23/02
Ranunculus flabellaris (yellow water buttercup) 5/08/00 5/17/03 8/07/00 8/12/00 (1 in bloom)
Ranunculus hispidus var. hispidus (hispid buttercup)5/17/03
Rudbeckia hirta var pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Rumex obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Saxifraga virginiensis (early saxifrage) 5/08/00 5/17/03
Scutellaria lateriflora (maddog skullcap) 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Sedum acre (mossy stonecrop)?
Senecio obovatus (round-leaved ragwort) 5/17/03
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Sinapsis alba (white mustard) 7/14/01
Sisymbrium officinale (hedge mustard) 7/14/01
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (stout blue-eyed grass) 6/23/02
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon's seal)
Solanum carolinense (horse nettle) 7/14/01
Solidago bicolor (silverrod) 8/12/00 soon
Solidago caesia (blue stem goldenrod)
Solidago canadensis var. canadensis (Canada goldenrod)
Solidago gigantea (tall goldenrod)
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod) 8/12/00
Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod) 8/12/00
Solidago ulmifolia (elm-leaved goldenrod)
Solidago spp. (goldenrods)
Sonchus asper (prickly sow thistle) 7/14/01 8/12/00
Sonchus oleraceus (common sow thistle)
Spiranthes lacera (twisted one) Ginny Weinland
Spiranthes lacera (slender ladies' tresses) 6/23/02
Stellaria aquatica (water chickweed) 7/14/01
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 4/14/02 5/08/00 5/17/03 7/14/01 11/14/99
Tragopogon pratensis (goatsbeard) 7/14/01
Trifolium aureum (yellow clover) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover) 6/23/02 7/14/01
Trifolium pratense (red clover) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Trifolium repens (white clover) 6/23/02 7/14/01 8/07/00 8/12/00
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot) 5/17/03
Urtica dioica v. procera (tall stinging nettle)
Uvularia perfoliata (perfoliate-leaved bellwort)
Verbascum blataria (moth mullein) 7/14/01
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Verbena hastata (blue vervain) 8/07/00 8/12/00
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 8/07/00
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)
Veronica serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell) 5/08/00 5/17/03 6/23/02
Veronicastrum virginicum (culver's root) 7/14/01near
Viola conspersa (dog violet) 5/17/03
Viola cucullata (marsh blue violet) 5/17/03
Viola sagittata (arrow-leaved violet)
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 5/08/00 5/17/03

Rushes:
Juncus canadensis (Canada rush)
Luzula multiflora (wood rush) 5/08/00

Sedges:
Carex flava (yellow sedge)
Carex laxiflora type (sedge)
Carex lurida (sallow sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Carex vulpinoidea (fox sedge)
Eleocharis acicularis? (spike rush)
Eleocharis palustris (marsh spikerush)
Eleocharis ovata? (blunt spikerush)
Eleocharis sp. (tall spike rush)?
Scirpus acuminata (soft-stemmed bulrush)
Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Agrostis gigantea (purple top grass)
Andropogon gerardii (turkey claw grass) 8/12/00
Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus (broom sedge grass)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass) 5/17/03
Bouteloua curtipendula (tall gramma grass)? 8/07/00
Bromus inermis (smooth brome grass)
Bromus japonicus (Japanese chess)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Elytrigia repens (quack grass)
Festuca pratensis (tall fescue grass)
Glyceria striata (fowl mannagrass)
Leersia oryzoides (rice cut grass)
Panicum dichotomiflorum (panic grass)
Panicum spp. (panic grasses)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Phleum pratense (timothy grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem grass)
Setaria faberi (nodding foxtail grass)
Tridens flavus (purple top grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Equisetum hyemale (common scouring rush)
Adiantum pedatum (maidenhair fern)
Asplenium platyneuron (ebony spleenwort)
Cystopteris fragilis (fragile fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)

Others:
Chara sp. (alga)
liverworts
morel
reindeer lichen
Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum moss)


NELLIE PRESERVE, DOVER PLAINS, DUTCHESS COUNTY, NY. July 14, 2001.


The morning was overcast, while in the afternoon it rained briefly several times. The Nature Conservancy Ecological Manager, Maura Sullivan, introduced the area to the group along with mentions of several rare plants in the area. In the morning the group examined two roadside cliffs. Along the road side bloomed Achillea millefolium, Centaurea maculosa, Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, Cichorium intybus, Daucus carota, Galium mollugo, Helianthus divaricatus, Lotus corniculatus, Matricaria matricarioides, Medicago lupulina, Melilotus alba and M. officinalis, Pastinaca sativa, Saponaria officinalis, Silene vulgaris, Sonchus oleraceus, Tragopogon pratensis, Trifolium aureum, T. pratense, and T. repens, and Verbascum thapsus.

Blooming on the two roadside hills were Anemone virginiana, Aquilegia canadensis , Asclepias verticillata and A. viridiflora, Campanula rotundifolia, Linum sulcatum, Lobelia spicata, Monarda fistulosa, Potentilla arguta, Pycnanthemum incanum, P. torrei, and P. virginianum. Not blooming on the first hill was Liatrus scariosa var. novae-angliae.

After lunch the group marched through the field covered with Bouteloua curtipendula (tall gramma grass) and down to the pond off the Red Trail. Blooming at the side of the field was Sambucus canadensis. Also in the field area in bloom were Origanum vulgare, Potentilla fruticosa, Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima, and Satureja vulgaris.

Blooming in the pond off the Red Trail was Potamogeton illinoensis. Also in the pond was a lot of the species of an alga genus, Chara. Blooming around the pond were Alisma subcordatum,
Mimulus ringens, Penthorum sedoides, and Scutellaria lateriflora. Not in bloom in the low marshy area was Parnassia glauca.

Total attendance was 14. The trip leader was Dr. Patrick L. Cooney. Thanks to Dr. William F. Standaert for plant identification and the compiled trip plant list.


6/23/02  --  trip with Patrick and Rosemary Cooney with Judith Fitzgerald.


NELLIE HILL PRESERVE, DUTCHESS COUNTY, NY May 17, 2003.

On a clear day that started out cool and then warmed as we went along, the Connecticut and Torrey Botanical Societies joined forces to explore the limestone Nellie Hill. Perhaps the highlight of the trip was quite of a few blooms of Ranunculus flabellaris (yellow water buttercup) in a small pond.

Trees found in bloom were Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) and Pyrus malus (apple). A tree not in bloom Shrubs in bloom was Ulmus pumilus (Siberian elm).

Shrubs in bloom included Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry), Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive), Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle), Prunus virginiana (choke cherry), Syringa vulgaris (common lilac), and Viburnum prunifolium (blackhaw viburnum). A couple of the shrubs not in bloom were Cornus alternifolia (alternate-leaved dogwood) and Potentilla fruticosa (shrubby cinquefoil).

Herbs in bloom included Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard), Anemonella thalictroides (rue anemone), Antennaria plantaginifolia (plantain-leaved pussytoes), Aquilegia canadensis (columbine), Arenaria serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved sandwort), Barbarea vulgaris (common wintercress), Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed), Erigeron pulchellus (robin's plantain), Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry), Lepidium campestre (field peppergrass), Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs), Medicago lupulina (black medick), Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel), Ranunculus bulbosus (bulbous buttercup) and R. hispidus var. hispidus (hispid buttercup), Saxifraga virginiensis (early saxifrage), Senecio obovatus (round-leaved ragwort), Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion), Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot), Veronica serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell), Viola conspersa (dog violet), V. cucullata (marsh blue violet) and V. sororia (common blue violet), and Zizia aurea (golden Alexanders).

Other herbaceous plants, not in bloom, were: Arenaria stricta (rock sandwort), Campanula rotundifolia (harebell), Krigia virginica (dwarf dandelion), and Pycnanthemum incanum (hoary mountain mint).

Ferns and fern allies included: Equisetum arvense (field horsetail), Adiantum pedatum (maidenhair fern), Cystopteris fragilis (fragile fern), Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern), Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern), and Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern).

Total attendance was 16. Some of the attendees were Dr. Patrick Cooney, Ed and Yirka Emerson, Sam Esaulys, Joyce Hyon, Dr. Roz Lowen, Janet Novak, Sarah David Rosenbaum, Michael St. John, Dr. Bill and Eleanor Standaert. The trip leader was Carol Levine.