MOUNT HOLLY SANCTUARY (west of Mt. Holly Preserve)

Bedford and Lewisboro, Westchester County, NY

208 acres


Directions:

Take I-684 north and get off at Exit 6 for Route 35 east to a left turn onto Holly Branch Road. Right turn onto Mt. Holly Road at the T-intersection. Mt. Holly Road turns left (across the intersection is Mt. Holly Road East). Pass by the first right turn (for Mt. Holly preserve); there is a small parking lot on the left. 


History:

From 1795 Jonah Holly and his descendants farmed the area.

In 1975 TNC aided by local citizens purchased the property from the estate of Edward A. Norman when the preserve was threatened with development.


Geology:

Highest elevation is 621 feet. There are outcrops of Fordham gneiss.


Habitats:

Small pond, two swamps, stream, and marsh.


Trails:

We hiked clockwise; southwest on the blue trail; orange trail through acres and acres of Japanese barberry; down an unmarked trail to 2 ponds/shrub swamps connecting by a little stream; picked up yellow trail; uphill to intersection with blue trail; then got the red trail to back to where we started.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick L. Cooney, 4/03/01


Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya sp. (hickory)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Eubotrys racemosa (fetterbush)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus prinus (chestnut oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) -- acres and acres of it
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Lindera benzoin (spice bush)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis sp. (grape)

Herbs:
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Lemna sp. (duckweed)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)

Sedge:
Carex laxiflora type (sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)