HENRY MORGANTHAU PRESERVE

owned by The Nature Sanctuary

Pound Ridge, Westchester County, NY

34 acres


Directions:

US 287 to US 684 north. Exit 4 Route 172 east. Go 1.7 miles and turn left onto Routes 22/172; travel one mile and turn right in Bedford Village following Route 172 (Pound Ridge Road). Travel 3.2 miles and turn right into the small parking lot of the preserve. (Following the highway distance markers it is at 1079.) It is located shortly after passing Old Corner Road.


Geology:

The rock is Fordham gneiss, a coarsely banded, metamorphic rock of quartz, feldspar and mica.


History:

Farming here from 1851 to 1936. In 1972 Mrs. Rugh M. Knight donates 20 acres of land in memory of her father. In 1973 TNC purchases an additional 12 acres. And, in 1995, Sid Thompson donates a non-adjacent three acres.


Habitats:

White pine woods, skunk cabbage wetland, Blue Heron Lake, drier woods


Trails:

It is very hilly here. The blue trail starts at the parking lot making a short counter clockwise circular walk. It heads southwest, then west, then south to the shores of Blue Heron Lake. Turn southeast then northeast and head back to near the start of the blue trail. Near the start of the blue trail there is a yellow trail off the blue trail that heads to a swampy area.

9/29/04.  This day is the day after Hurricane Jane dropped a lot of rain on our area and the trails are wet and have flowing water on many of them. There were lots of broken branches on the trails.  I knocked most of them off the trail with my walking stick.  Took the blue trail heading counter clockwise on the circular loop.  Crossed over a wet area via a boardwalk. There is very little underbrush in the woods.  Come to the intersection with the yellow trail on the right (although at the time I did not realize it). I continued straight. Soon reach Blue Heron Lake.  There are lots of houses on the lake.  There is an interesting white pine area by the lake.  I see an arbor-vitae tree on the large island in the Lake.  There is a small fenced in area near one part of the lake.  The blue trail bears left and heads up the hill via steps. The number 10 marker is located here.  On top of the hill are markers 11 and 12.  Pass the white trail on the left between two parallel stone walls.  Find marker 14 by a stone wall.  Find myself back at the first boardwalk and then back at the kiosk. I wondered why I did not see the yellow trail, so I retraced my steps and found the right intersection (which I had missed before).  I use the boardwalk to get through the swampy area. Get back on the blue trail and head back to the parking lot and my car.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick L. Cooney


Trees:
Acer platanoides (Norway maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Amelanchier arborea (shad bush) 4/28/99
Betula lenta (black birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash) 4/28/99
Juniperus virginiana (red cedar)
Larix sp. (larch)
Ostrya virginiana (American hop hornbeam)
Picea alba (white spruce)
Picea rubra (red spruce)
Pinus strobus (white pine)  -- lots
Pinus sylvestris (Scots pine)
Populus grandidentata (big tooth aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak) 4/28/99
Thuja occidentalis (arbor-vitae)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Shrubs:
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) 4/28/99
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush) 4/28/99
Lonicera morrowii (Morrow's honeysuckle)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Rhododendron maximum (rosebay rhododendron)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose) just off the property
Rubus hispidus (swamp dewberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry) 4/28/99
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)
Viburnum plicatum (double-file viburnum)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)

Herbs:
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard) 4/28/99
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit) 4/28/99
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 9/29/04
Convallaria majalis (lily-of-the-valley)
Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman's breeches)
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geranium sp. (geranium)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 9/29/04
Potentilla canadensis (dwarf cinquefoil)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil)
Solidago caesia (blue-stem goldenrod) 9/29/04
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (dandelion) 4/28/99
Veronica officinalis (common speedwell)
Viola sororia (common blue violet) 4/28/99
a water lily or pond lily

Sedges:
Carex laxiflora type (loose-flowered type sedge)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/28/99
Scirpus atrovirens (dark-green bulrush)

Grasses:
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)

Ferns and fern allies:
Lycopodium obscurum (ground pine)
Dryopteris marginalis (marginal woodfern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Thelypteris noveboracensis (New York fern)