MARINE PARK

Brooklyn, NY


Located west of Floyd Bennett Field (exit 11 off  the Belt Parkway) and north of Plum Beach (exit 9) close and southwest of Kings Plaza Shopping Center.


Of a total of 795 acres, 525 acres of Marine Park are natural area, including grasslands; areas dominated by Phragmites; shrublands; salt marsh; and early successional woodland. The park straddles Gerritsen Creek, the westernmost tidal creek in Jamaica Bay. All park soils, except some older saltmarsh peats, are anthropogenic, the results of landfilling during the first half of this century.

From the (1939) WPA Guide to New York City:

Marine Park, Fillmore Avenue between Gerritsen Avenue and East Thirty-eighth Street, is a two-thousand-acre tract of marshland, cut by sluggish creeks lined with houseboats on stilts and boat landings connected v with Flatbush Avenue by long wooden catwalks. Most of this land was donated to the city in 1920 by the Whitney family with the proviso that it be converted into a public park. As yet (1939) little improvement has been made. Plans include a model yacht basin, lagoon, stadium, outdoor theater, riding ring, six recreation areas, baseball fields, and a canal.

Kirk Johnson "Return of the Natives: Playing God in the Fields." NY Times, November 12, 2000, p. L-37. Volunteers pulled up patches of mugwort and other invasives to plant natives, including persimmon.



PLANT LIST:

Michael Feller, Naomi Dicker, Dr. Patrick Cooney


Trees:
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Albizia julibrissin (silk tree)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Platanus occidentalis (American sycamore)
Prunus virginiana (chokecherry)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus communis (pear)
Pyrus malus (apple tree)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Shrubs:
Elaeagnus umbellata (autumn olive)
Hudsonia tomentosa (beach heather)
Iva frutescens (marsh elder)
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)

Vines:
Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)
Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed)
Cuscuta gronovii (common dodder)
Polygonum convolvulus (black bindweed)
Polygonum scandens (climbing false buckwheat)
Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)
Strophostyles helvula (trailing wild bean)
 

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Ambrosia trifida (great ragweed)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Ambrosia trifida (giant ragweed)
Anaphalis margaritacea (pearly everlasting)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp dogbane)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)
Aster dumosus (bushy aster)
Aster tenuifolius (perennial salt marsh aster)
Aster laevis (smooth aster)
Aster ericoides (heath aster)
Aster subulatus (annual salt marsh aster)
Atriplex patula (orache)
Baccharis halimifolia (groundsel tree)
Bidens frondosa (devils's beggar ticks)
Cakile edentula (sea rocket)
Chamaecrista fasciculata (partridge pea)
Chenopodium album (pigweed)
Chenopodium ambrosioides (Mexican tea)
Cichorium intybus (chicory)
Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower)
Conyza canadensis (horseweed)
Cosmos bipinnatus (cosmos)
Cycloloma atriplicifolia (winged pigweed)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Desmodium marilandicum (Maryland tick trefoil)
Desmodium paniculatum (panicled tick-trefoil)
Drosera rotundifolia (round-leaved sundew)
Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass)
Echinops sp. (globe thistle)
Epilobium hirsutum (hairy willow herb)
Erechtites hieraciifolia (pileweed)
Eupatorium aromaticum (smaller white snakeroot)
Eupatorium leucolepis (white-bracted boneset)
Eupatorium rugosum (white snakeroot)
Euphorbia maculata (spotted spurge)
Euphorbia marginata (snow on the mountain)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)
Euthamia tenuifolia (slender-leaved goldenrod)
Gnaphalium obtusifolium (sweet-everlasting)
Helianthus annuus (common sunflower)
Heracleum lanatum (cow parsnip)
Heterotheca subaxillaris (camphorweed)
Lactuca canadensis (wild lettuce)
Lechea tenuifolia (narrow-leaved pinweed)
Lepidium virginicum (wild peppergrass)
Leptoloma cognatum (fall witch grass)
Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bushclover)
Ligustrum ovalifolium (obtuse-leaved privet)
Limonium carolinianum (sea lavender)
Linaria canadensis (blue toadflax)
Linaria vulgaris (butter-and-eggs)
Melilotus alba (white sweet clover)
Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)
Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved umbrellawort)
Mollugo verticillata (carpetweed)
Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Plantago major (common plantain)
Plantago lanceolata (English plantain)
Pluchea odorata (salt marsh fleabane)
Polygonella articulata (jointweed)
Polygonum aviculare (dooryard knotweed)
Polygonum cuspidatum Japanese knotweed)
Polygonum persicaria (lady's thumb)
Polygonum lapathifolium (nodding smartweed)
Polygonum neglectum (knotweed)
Polygonum pensylvanicum (pink knotweed)
Portulaca oleracea (purslane)
Rumex crispus (curled dock)
Salicornia europaea (European glasswort)
Salicornia virginica (perennial glasswort)
Salsola kali (common saltwort)
Salsola tragus (Russian thistle)
Saponaria officinalis (bouncing bet)
Scutellaria galericulata (marsh skullcap)
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion)
Solanum nigrum (black nightshade)
Solidago canadensis var. scabra (tall goldenrod)
Solidago gigantea (late goldenrod)
Solidago juncea (early goldenrod)
Solidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod)
Spergularia marina (sand spurry)
Suaeda linearis (southern seablite)
Suaeda maritima (white sea-blite)
Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)
Trifolium repens (white clover)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)

Rushes and Sedges:
Cyperus bipartitus
Cyperus diandrus (two-stemmed nutsedge)
Cyperus filiculmis
Cyperus strigosus
Juncus gerardii (black grass)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)
Scirpus americanus (Olney three-square bulrush)

Grasses:
Agropyron repens (quack grass)
Ammophila breviligulata (beach grass)
Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus (Virginia broom beard grass)
Aristida oligantha (prairie three-awn grass)
Aristida tuberculosa (three-awn grass)
Bromus tectorum (downy chess grass)
Bromus japonicus (Japanese brome grass)
Cenchrus longispinus (field sandbur)
Corynephorous canescens (silver or hairgrass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Digitaria sanguinalis (hairy crabgrass)
Distichlis spicata (spike grass)
Eleusine indica (goose grass)
Eragrostis cilianensis (stink grass)
Eragrostis pectinacea (Carolina love grass)
Eragrostis spectabilis (purple love grass)
Panicum dichotomiflorum (spreading panic grass)
Panicum virgatum (switch grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa compressa (Canada bluegrass)
Spartina alterniflora (salt marsh cordgrass)
Spartina patens (salt meadow cordgrass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem grass)
Setaria glauca (yellow foxtail grass)
Setaria viridis (green foxtail grass)

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Lycopodium appressum (southern club moss)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)

Others:
Polystichum sp. (hairy-cap moss)
Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum moss)
Ulva lactuca (sea lettuce)