MANITOGA
 Philipstown, Putnam County, NY


Directions:

Manitoga is located on the east side of NY 9D 2.5 miles north of the Bear Mountain Bridge. There is an entrance fee of $2 for adults, $1 for seniors and children. There is free admission every Tuesday.


History:

Manitoga is the home and ecologically designed landscape created by internationally acclaimed industrial designer Russel Wright on a hillside in Garrison, New York.  For Wright, Manitoga was the consummate achievement in his pursuit of an aesthetic for living in harmony with nature.  

When he came to this hillside in 1947, the land had been damaged by a century and a half of quarrying and lumbering.  Over the next four decades, Wright combined his vision with nature's regenerative powers to restore and design the land and to create a place where people can experience, with all their senses, the joy of nature.

Manitoga's mission is to continue the work which Russel Wright began on this land. Manitoga offers the public a place to experience and enjoy a synthesis of design and nature.  

THE RUSSEL WRIGHT DESIGN CENTER is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.


Trails:

Over four miles of artfully designed trails for hiking and picnicking.


Opposite the office, the trail leads into Mary's Meadow, named for Wright's wife.

Go through the meadow, to the right past the tipi. The trail enters the hemlocks.

At the Four Corners, marked by a large hemlock in the center and log benches, go straight, toward the sound of falling water and uphill through the Fern Grove under oak and tulip trees.

Visit the Deer Pool, at its best in spring when the stream curtains across a slab of bedrock.

A trail to the left leads to the Appalachian Trail and Osborne Preserve.

Recross the stream on a bridge. The path leads past more glacial boulders to the Laurel Field.


PLANT LIST:

Dr. Patrick Louis Cooney


Trees:
Acer pensylvanicum (striped maple)
Betula lenta (black birch)
Castanea dentata (American chestnut)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree) 6/1/95
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Rhus copallina (winged sumac)
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Shrubs:
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry)
Gaylussacia baccata (black huckleberry) 6/1/95
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Kalmia latifolia (mountain laurel)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus sp. (blackberry) 6/1/95
Vaccinium pallidum (hillside blueberry)
Vaccinium stamineum (deerberry) 6/1/95
Viburnum acerifolium (maple-leaf viburnum) 6/1/95

Vines:
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)

Herbs:
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium) 6/1/95
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Polygonum virginiana (jumpseed knotweed)
Potentilla simplex (common cinquefoil) 6/1/95
Rumex acetosella (field sorrel)
Sisyrinchium angustifolium (blue-eyed grass) 6/1/95
Smilacina racemosa (false Solomon' seal)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Veronica serpyllifolia (thyme-leaved speedwell) 6/1/95
Vincetoxicum nigrum (black swallowwort)
vetch
chickweed 6/1/95

Grasses:
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little blue stem grass)