Long Pond Preserve
Waccabuc, Town of Lewisboro, Westchester County, NY
39 acres.

This is a really great place for spring wild flowers. The ground is covered with lots of different spring wildflowers.


Directions:

From I-684, take Exit 6; head east on Route 35 for 5.6 miles to Mead Street; turn left; go 1.3 miles to Chapel Road; park in front of gate directly across from the chapel.


History:

Owned by The Nature Conservancy. The Mead family owned this once farm property from 1650 to 1970. After 1900 there was an inn on the western shore. The land was donated to the TNC in 1970. Lake Waccabuc used to be called "Long Pond."

Mead Homestead

the Meads of Greenwich, Connecticut settled in the area. The lands included the western end of Long Pond later renamed Lake Waccabuc. They built a two story white house with columns in front at the corner of School House Lane.

1776 Mead family in the area.

1820's Solomon Mead added onto an existing house.

1905 Sarah Mead built the Presbyterian church in honor of her husband George. Hobart Upjohn, of the noted family of church architects, designed the church.

(Pp. 74-77. Williams, Gray. 2003. Picturing Our Past: National Register Sites in Westchester County. Westchester County, NY: Westchester County Historical Society.)

Located in one of the coves of Lake Waccabuc are the Indian Ovens, rock outcropping containing hollows. 


Habitat:

Preserve borders on western end of Lake Waccabuc. Mixed deciduous forest with a 7-acre meadow. Marshy area on north side of lake. Field. Stream. Preserve a delight for botanists and wildlife lovers.


Trails:

There is a big field here just up from the lake. You walk along side a causeway like trail between a red maple swamp area on the left and the field on the right. The yellow trail needs to be redone as it is hard to tell where the trail is. The trail goes down to the lake edge and then you basically follow the lake edge until the property line is reached and then circle around and come back the way you came in.

Trail goes eastward toward the shore of Lake Waccabuc. It then heads south and southeast around the southwestern edge of the lake. The trail comes to a small loop and then heads back to whence it came. Remnants of an ice-cutting operation, along with an icehouse, can be seen along the southern shore of the lake.

Great spots for butterfly species.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick L. Cooney
Dates are when plants found in bloom.


Trees:
Acer platanoides (Norway maple) 4/25/01
Acer rubrum (red maple) 4/01/02
Acer saccharum (sugar maple)
Amelanchier arborea (shadbush) 4/25/01
Betula alleghaniensis (yellow birch)
Betula populifolia (gray birch)
Carpinus caroliniana (musclewood)
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Carya tomentosa (mockernut hickory)
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) 5/06/01
Crataegus sp. (hawthorn)
Fagus grandifolia (American beech)
Fraxinus americana (white ash)
Fraxinus nigra (black ash)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Morus alba (white mulberry)
Picea abies (Norway spruce)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Pyrus malus (apple) 5/06/01
Pyrus sp. (crabapple) planted
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust)
Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)
Ulmus americana (American elm)

Shrubs:
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Berberis thunbergii (Japanese barberry) -- 5/06/01 lots of it; too much
Carya ovata (shagbark hickory)
Chimaphila maculata (striped wintergreen)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush) 8/20/03
Cornus amomum (swamp dogwood)
Cornus kousa (Korean dogwood)
Hamamelis virginiana (witch hazel)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry holly)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Lindera benzoin (spicebush) 4/25/01
Lonicera morrowii? (Morrow's honeysuckle?)
Mitchella repens (partridgeberry)
Myrica pensylvanicum (bayberry)
Rhododendron viscosum? (swamp azalea?)
Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose)
Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)
Rubus phoenicolasius (wineberry)
Rubus sp. (blackberry)
Salix discolor (pussy willow) 4/25/01
Salix sp. (willow)
Vaccinium corymbosum (high bush blueberry) 4/25/01 soon; 5/06/01
Viburnum lentago (nannyberry viburnum)
Viburnum prunifolium? (blackhaw viburnum?)

Vines:
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Lonicera japonica (Japanese honeysuckle)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax sp. (greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Herbs:
Acalypha sp. (three-seeded mercury)
Agrimonia gryposepala (agrimony) 8/20/03
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Allium vineale (field garlic)
Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)
Amphicarpaea bracteata (hog peanut)
Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
Antennaria sp. (pussytoes)
Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)
Arctium lappa (great burdock) 8/20/03
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack in the pulpit)
Artemesia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)
Aster divaricatus (white wood aster) 8/20/03
Bidens frondosa (beggar ticks)
Boehmeria cylindrica (false nettle)
Cardamine sp. (multi leaved)
Cardamine sp. (cuckoo-type plant)
Cerastium vulgatum (mouse-ear chickweed)
Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen)
Circaea lutetiana (enchanter's nightshade)
Cirsium discolor (field thistle) 8/20/03
Cirsium canadense (Canada thistle?)
Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)
Commelina communis (Asiatic dayflower) 8/20/03
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace) 8/20/03
Dipsacus sylvestris (teasel) 8/20/03
Epifagus virginiana (beech drops)
Erigeron annuus (common daisy fleabane) 8/20/03
Erythronium americanum (trout lily) 4/25/01
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) 8/20/03 soon
Galium mollugo (wild madder)
Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)
Geum canadense (white avens)
Glechoma hederacea (gill over the ground) 4/25/01
Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)
Hypoxis hirsuta (yellow stargrass) 8/20/03
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed) 8/20/03
Lapsana communis (nipplewort)
Leonurus cardiaca (motherwort)
Linaria vulgaris (butter and eggs) 8/20/03
Lotus corniculatus (birdfoot trefoil) 8/20/03
Lysimachia nummularia (moneywort)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Mentha arvensis (wild mint) 8/20/03
Mimulus ringens (monkey flower) 8/20/03
Myosotis sp. (touch-me-not)
Narcissus sp. (daffodils) 4/25/01
Nuphar variegata (spatterdock) 8/20/03
Nymphaea odorata (fragrant white water lily) 8/20/03
Oxalis sp. (yellow wood sorrel) 8/20/03
Panax trifolium (dwarf ginseng) 4/25/01 5/06/01
Peltandra virginica (arrow arum)
Pilea pumila (clearweed)
Plantago major (common plantain) 8/20/03
Podophyllum peltatum (may apple)
Polygonatum (true Solomon's seal)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) 8/20/03
Polygonum hydropiper (water pepper) 8/20/03
Polygonum virginianum (jumpseed) 8/20/03
Prenanthes altissima (tall lettuce)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaf buttercup) 5/06/01
Ranunculus ficaria (lesser celandine) 4/25/01
Ranunculus hispidus var. nitidus (swamp buttercup)
Rubus obtusifolius (broad-leaved dock)
Rumex obtusifolius (broad dock)
Satureja vulgaris (wild basil)
Scutellaria lateriflora (mad-dog skullcap) 8/20/03
Solidago gigantea (late goldenrod) 8/20/03
Symplocarpus foetidus (swamp cabbage)
Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion) 5/06/01 8/20/03
Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue)
Thalictrum pubescens (tall meadow rue)
Trillium erectum (red trillium)
Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot) 4/01/02
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Urtica dioica v. dioica (stinging nettle) 8/20/03
Urtica dioica v. procera (tall stinging nettle)
Veratrum viride (swamp hellebore)
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein)
Verbena hastata (blue vervain) 8/20/03
Verbena urticifolia (white vervain) 8/20/03
Urtica dioica v. dioica (stinging nettle)
Uvularia sessilifolia (sessile-leaved bellwort)
Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Rushes:
Luzula multiflora (wood rush)

Sedges:
Carex crinita (fringed sedge)
Carex laxiflora type (loose-flowered sedge type)
Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge) 4/25/01
Carex stricta (tussock sedge)
Cyperus esculentus or strigosus (nut sedge)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Andropogon gerardii (turkey claw grass)
Dactylis glomerata (orchard grass)
Eleusine indica (goose or zipper grass)
Elymus sp. (wild rye grass)
Elytrigia repens (quack grass)
Microstegium vimineum (Japanese stilt grass)
Panicum clandestinum (deer-tongue grass)
Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Poa annua (annual bluegrass) 5/06/01 8/20/03

Ferns and Fern Allies:
Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)
Equisetum hyemale (scouring rush)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern)
Pteridium aquilinum (bracken fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)


45 foot deep Lake Waccabuc has:
Myriophyllum spicatum (Eurasian milfoil) -- a narrow ring around the lake
Source: Michael Martin, Lake and Watershed Management Recommendations for Lakes Oscaleta, Rippowam, and Waccabuc; December 2002;  http://www.threelakescouncil.org/recommendationsformanagementreport.pdf