SHU SWAMP

Mill Neck, Nassau County


Directions:

Across from the Mill Neck railroad station. Open ever day except Friday. It is preserved and managed by the North Shore Wildlife Sanctuary, whose able warden is Bob Hornosky.


History

This 60 acre area is more formally known as the Charles T. Church Nature Preserve and the Schmidlapp Lowlands. The word Shu is an old Dutch word, Sheogh, meaning cascading waters. Wolver Hollow Road was the dividing line between the Dutch and English until 1650.


Habitats

This is a wooded wetland fed by the Beaver Brook system which originates from the east hillside along Wolver Hollow Road and the upland woods east of Piping Rock Club.


Geology

The heavy clay soils in Mill Neck valley and a high groundwater table have brought about these extensive wetlands.


PLANT LIST:

Info from Carol Johnston "Spring Wildflowers at Shu Swamp Preserve" LIBS Newsletter May-June 1996, pp. 13-15.


PLANT LIST:

Trees:
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Liriodendron tulipifera (tulip tree)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)

Shrubs and sub-shrubs:
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)

Herbs:
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Allium tricoccum (wild leek)
Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)
Barbarea verna (early winter cress)
Barbarea vulgaris (common winter cress)
Caltha palustris (marsh marigold)
Cardamine pensylvanica (Pennsylvania bittercress)
Claytonia virginica (spring beauty)
Conopholis americana (squawroot)
Draba verna (whitlow grass)
Eichhornia crassipes (water hyacinth) *
Erythronium americanum (trout lily)
Iris sp. (yellow flag)
Lilium superbum (turk's cap lily)
Lobelia cardinalis (cardinal flower)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Myriophyllum aquaticum *
Panax trifolius (dwarf ginseng)
Polygonatum biflorum (Solomon's Seal)
Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)
Ranunculus acris (tall buttercup)
Ranunculus ficaria (lesser celandine)
Ranunculus hispidus (bristly buttercup)
Ranunculus hispidus var. (swamp buttercup)
Ranunculus recurvatus (hooked buttercup)
Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum (used to be Nasturtium officinale) (watercress)
Smilacina racemosa (Solomon's plume)
Symplocarpus foetidus (skunk cabbage)
Trientalis borealis (star flower)
Trillium erectum (red trillium)
Uvularia sessilifolia (wild oats)
Veratrum viride (false hellebore)
Viola conspersa (dog violet)
Viola cucullata (marsh blue violet)
Viola pallens (northern white violet)
Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Ferns:
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)

* (found by Eric Morgan from railroad tunnel) (LIBS Newsletter, Jan-March 2002)