SAGG SWAMP
Bridgehampton, NY
87 acres


Directions:

Take the Belt (Cross Island) Parkway to exit 25A. From there go east about 83 miles, first on the Southern State Parkway to exit 44, then on Route 27 (which starts as Sunrise Highway, but changes name). At the traffic light in Bridgehampton, turn south (right) onto Ocean Road and go 0.3 mile. Turn left onto Sagaponack Road; go 0.7 miles to a Nature Conservancy sign on the left. Park on the grass in front of the preserve, but not on the south side of the road.


Habitats:

Sagg Swamp is the largest remaining red-maple swamp on Long Island, east of Riverhead. Twelve varieties of ferns, three stands of Atlantic white-cedars, and a wide diversity of shrubs, sedges, rushes, vines, and wildflowers make this 84-acre wetland a botanical haven. A small kettle pond supports muskrats, turtles, several species of duck, and other wild creatures.

Jeremy's Hole, a small kettle pond to the right; oak upland; marsh

Sagg Stream enters Jeremy's Hole to the north and leaves to the south, heading into Sagaponack Pond and the nearby Atlantic Ocean. Poxabogue Pond, half a mile to the north, is the main source for the swamp, supplemented by rain runoff and a few small feeder streams.


Trails:

The trail begins at the southwestern portion of the property. Water-proof boots may be helpful.

9/15/02 -- Patrick and Rosemary Cooney, Judith Fitzgerald, and Lenore Swensen walked this area. There is a yellow trail marker, but not really needed as there is only one trail basically that takes the hiker through dense walls of vegetation (with lots of sweet pepperbush) to a boardwalk that goes through a swamp. There is some atlantic white cedar and poison sumac here.


PLANT LIST:
Dr. Patrick Cooney and Judith Fitzgerald, 9/15/02
Audubon guide; Geffen and Berglie, 1996: Chapter 27
* = date plant found in bloom, 9/15/02


Trees:
Acer pseudoplatanus (sycamore maple)
Acer rubrum (red maple)
Chamaecyparis thyoides (Atlantic white-cedars) -- large stand Corings have shown some individuals to be 100 years or older.
Ilex opaca (American holly)
Nyssa sylvatica (tupelo)
Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)
Prunus serotina (black cherry)
Quercus alba (white oak)
Quercus coccinea (scarlet oak)
Quercus rubra (red oak)
Quercus velutina (black oak) lots
Sassafras albidum (sassafras)

Shrubs and sub-shrubs:
Amelanchier sp. (shadbush)
Clethra alnifolia (sweet pepperbush)
Euonymus alatus (winged euonymus)
Ilex verticillata (winterberry)
Ligustrum sp. (privet)
Rhododendron periclymenoides (pink azalea)
Rhododendron viscosum (swamp azalea)
Rosa palustris (swamp rose)
Rubus sp. (dewberry)
Salix discolor (pussy willow)
Sambucus canadensis (elderberry)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vaccinium corymbosum (highbush blueberry)
Viburnum dentatum (arrowwood viburnum)

Vines:
Ampelopsis brevipedunculata (porcelain berry)
Celastrus orbiculatus (Asiatic bittersweet)
Cuscuta sp. (dodder)
Euonymus fortunii (Fortune's euonymus)
Mikania scandens (climbing hempweed)
Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)
Smilax rotundifolia (round-leaved greenbrier)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)
Vitis labrusca (fox grape)

Herbs:
Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)
Alnus serrulata (smooth alder)
Anemone quinquefolia (wood anemone)
Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)
Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Bidens comosa (strawstem beggar tick)
Callitriche sp. (water starwort)
Epilobium sp. (willow herb)
Eupatorium perfoliatum (boneset)
Eupatorium sp. (Joe-Pye-weed)
Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod) *
Galium palustre (marsh bedstraw)
Impatiens capensis (orange jewelweed)
Lemna sp. (duckweed)
Lysimachia quadrifolia (whorled loosestrife)
Lysimachia terrestris (yellow loosestrife; swamp candles)
Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)
Monotropa uniflora (Indian pipe)
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed)
Polygonum cespitosum (cespitose smartweed) *
Polygonum hydropiper (water pepper)
Polygonum spp. (smartweeds)
Polygonum sagittatum (arrow-leaved tearthumb) *
Potamogeton spp. (pondweeds)
Rorripa nasturtium-aquaticum (water cress)
Sagittaria sp. (arrowhead)
Solidago rugosa (rough-leaved goldenrod)
Triadenum virginicum (marsh St. Johnswort)
Trientalis borealis (star flower)
Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)
Vallisneria americana (wild celery)

Rushes:
Juncus canadensis (Canada rush)
Juncus effusus (soft rush)
Juncus tenuis (path rush)

Sedges:
Carex lurida (sallow sedge)
Scirpus cyperinus (woolly grass bulrush)

Grasses:
Glyceria canadensis (rattlesnake mannagrass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)

Ferns:
Dryopteris sp. (spinulose wood fern)
Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)
Osmunda cinnamomea (cinnamon fern)
Osmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)?
Osmunda regalis (royal fern)
Thelypteris palustris (marsh fern)

Others:
Sphagnum sp. (sphagnum moss)
Usnea sp. (old man's beard)