JONES BEACH STATE PARK
Ocean Drive, Wantagh, Nassau County, NY
2,413 acres


Directions:

Take the Long island Expressway to exit 44 south (NY 135/Seaford-Oyster Bay Expressway) for 7 miles. Go west on Southern State Parkway for 1.5 miles to exit 27S (Wantagh parkway/Jones Beach State Park.)


History:

1692 -- Irish immigrant Major Thomas Jones was a privateer who used his ill-gotten gains to purchase 6,000 acres in the vicinity of the now Jones Beach.

1700 -- Jones built a whaling station here.

1713 -- Jones dies. The place became known as Jones Beach even before his death.

1929 -- the park opens, another creation by Robert Moses.

Today the beach attracts 8 million visitors a year.

(Cynthia Blair, Newsday Names of Long Island; http://www.newsday.com/features/custom/names)


Facilities:

Just 39 miles from midtown, Jones Beach has a two-mile boardwalk, four miles of bike paths, swimming pools near the East and West Bath Houses, a snack bar and even a senior citizen's lounge. An outdoor summertime concert series showcases top national acts, with the Atlantic as backdrop. The western side of the beach is designated for surfers.


PLANT LIST:

Trees:
Ailanthus altissima (tree of heaven)
Ilex opaca (American holly)
Pinus thunbergii (Japanese black pine)

Shrubs or sub-shrubs:
Baccharis halimifolia (groundsel tree) 11/25/01 *
Hudsonia tomentosa (beech heather) lots of it
Myrica pensylvanica (bayberry)
Prunus maritima (beach plum)
Rosa rugosa (wrinkled rose) 7/17/94

Vines:
Parthenocissus virginiana (Virginia creeper)
Toxicodendron radicans (poison ivy)

Herbs:
Achillea millefolium (yarrow)
Alyssum alyssoides (sweet alyssum) 11/25/01*
Artemisia vulgaris (common mugwort)
Asclepias sp. (milkweed)
Cakile edentula (sea rocket)
Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd's purse) 11/25/01 *
Centaurea sp. (black knapweed?) 7/17/94
Chamaesyce polygonifolia (seaside spurge) 11/25/01 *
Cycloloma atriplicifolium (winged pigweed)
Daucus carota (Queen Anne's lace)
Draba verna (whitlow grass) 4/25/93
Erigeron sp. (fleabane) 7/17/94
Erodium cicutarium (stork's bill) 4/25/93 11/25/01*
Euphorbia cyparissias (cypress spurge) 4/25/93
Galinsoga quadriradiata (enchanter's nightshade)
Heterotheca subaxillaris (camphorweed) 7/17/94
Hypochaeris radicata (cat's ear) 11/25/01 *
Lamium purpureum (purple dead nettle)
Lathyrus maritima (beach pea)
Lepidium virginicum (poor man's pepper) 11/25/01 *
Leucanthemum japonicum (Montauk daisy) 11/25/01 *
Limonium nashii (sea lavender)
Linaria vulgaris (butter-and-eggs) 7/17/94
Malva neglecta (common mallow) 11/25/01 *
Oenothera biennis (evening primrose) remnant?
Phytolacca americana (pokeweed) 7/17/94
Polygonum arenastrum (knotweed) 11/25/01 *
Potentilla sp. (cinquefoil) 7/17/94
Salicornia sp. (glasswort)
Sedum sp. (sedum)
Silene vulgaris (bladder campion)
Solidago sempervirens (seaside goldenrod) 11/25/01 *
Spergularia rubra (red sand spurry) 11/25/01 *
Trifolium repens (white clover) 11/25/01 *
Verbascum thapsus (common mullein) 7/17/94
Vicia cracca (cow vetch) 4/25/93
(chickweed)
(hairy rockcress) 4/25/93
(mock bishopsweed) 7/17/94
(saltmarsh bulrush?) -- lots
(sea pink) 7/17/94

Grasses:
Ammophila breviligulata (beach grass)
Anthoxanthum odoratum (sweet vernal grass)
Bromus? (brome grass)
Phragmites australis (giant reed grass)
Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem grass)
Spartina alterniflora (salt marsh cordgrass)

Others:
Cladonia cristatella (British soldiers)

* (found by Andrew Greller) (LIBS Newsletter, Jan-March 2002)


Steve Young found that the swales at Jones Beach had become unproductive because of Phragmites australis invasion.    (LIBS Newsletter, Winter 2004, Vol. 14, No. 1. )